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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Peanuts 101 - the Basics
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1 - Overview
2 - Brief History
3 - General Information
4 - Planting
5 - Growth
6 - Irrigation
7 - Fungi (Molds)
8 - Harvest and Drying (Curing)
9 - Grading and Testing
10 - Marketing
11 - Health and Nutrition
12 - Other Uses of Peanuts
Harvest and Drying (Curing)
Depending on the variety and weather, peanuts are ready for harvest 110 - 160 days after planting. The peanut plant is pulled from the ground, inverted, and left to dry (in windrows) in the field for 3 - 7 days. By using a combine, the pods are pulled off the dry vines and dumped into a peanut wagon. This process is called combining or threshing and peanuts are referred to as ‘farmer stock peanuts’. The wagon is then placed under a cover with warm air blowing through the peanuts until a moisture of 10% or less is reached. After the peanuts have reached the desired moisture content, they are graded and sold to a peanut shelling company.
 

 Combining peanuts from windrows

 Dryer wagons with peanuts

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Last Modified: 1/22/2009
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