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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Sound Library
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1 - Sections A & B
2 - Sections C - I
Sections C - I
Page 2 of Insect Sound Library
C.  Defensive stridulation of soil insects (dung beetles):
Note:  For information about dung beetles, see:   Link to http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/fe83p229.pdf
   C.1. link to s2b1geoegeriei.wav, Geotrupes dung beetle stridulationGeotrupes egeriei Germar provided by Kevi Vulinec, University of Florida. [505 kB, 10.8 s]
   C.2. link to peltprofundus.wav, Peltotrupes dung beetle stridulation Peltotrupes profundus Howden provided by Kevi Vulinec, University of Florida [353 kB, 8 s]
D.  Movement and feeding sounds of insects in wood:
    Note:  See Mankin, R. W., W. L. Osbrink, F. M. Oi, and J. B. Anderson. 2002.  Acoustic detection of termite infestations in urban trees.  J. Econ. Entomol. 95:981-988. Link to ee95p981.pdf   [146 kB]

    D.1. link to termite1.wavReticulitermes virginicus  (300 workers feeding on 2" x 4" x 8' plank, recorded by Donovan Filkins) [489 kB, 9.8 sec].
    D.2. link to retic1.wavReticulitermes flavipes (Eastern subterranean termite)
            recorded in soil under a pine tree,using an accelerometer.[489 kB, 9.8 s].

    D.3.link to gtr2000.wav       Recordings by John Green from an accelerometer placed into a laboratory colony of 2000
                Eastern subterranean termite workers [2.93 mB, 60 s].
    D.4.link to termiteheadbanging.wav      Reticulitermes spp. headbanging recorded by John Rodgers
                        with an AED-2000 insect detection system. [206 kB, 4 s].
    D.5. link to formosa1.wavCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan termites)
        recorded in soil under an oak tree using an accelerometer  [489 kB, 9.8 s].
    D.6.link to drywoodtermites.wav Drywood termites (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae)
        (possibly Cryptotermes brevis (Walker) or Incisitermes snyderi (Light) in wooden beam).  For more information about drywood termites see Thoms. 2000. Use of an acoustic emissions detector and intragallery injection of spinosad by pest control operators for remedial control of drywood termites (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae). Link to http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/fe83p64.pdf
        Recorded by John Rodgers with an AED-2000 insect detection system. [160 kB, 10 s].
link to termitessrrcoakaed.wavCompare with a second recording from the same tree by John Rodgers using an AED-2000 insect detection system, filtering out low-frequency noise. [227 kB, 10 s].
D.7. link to trk11-1.wav   Drepanotermes termite head-banging with interspersed (higher frequency) ticks produced by attacking Camponotus denticulatus
                    ants,  recorded with geophone from termite mound near Alice Springs, Australia  [1.03 mB, 11 s].
D.8. link to albsounds.wavAnoplophora glabripennis  (Asian longhorned beetle) larva recorded by Michael Smith
         at the USDA-ARS, Beneficial Insect Introduction Research Unit, Newark, DE [486 kB, 9.7 s].

          For reference, see Mankin et al. (2008) Link to http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/fe83p64.pdf
    D.9. link to pinesawyer sounds.wavMonochamus titillator  (Southern pine sawyer) larva recorded with accelerometer by Everett Foreman [586 kB, 12 s].
link to pinesawyer sounds.wavMonochamus titillator  (Southern pine sawyer) larva recorded with AED-2000 insect detector by Everett Foreman [586 kB, 12 s].  The AED-2000 filters out low frequency noise.
          D.10. link toold house borerr sounds.wavHylotrupes bajulus  (Old house borer) larva recorded with AED-2000 [1766 kB, 10.25 s].
    D.11. link to pinesawyer sounds.wavBuprestid  larva in oak branch recorded with accelerometer by Everett Foreman [5169 kB, 60 s].
link to pinesawyer sounds.wav Simultaneous recording of the Buprestid larva with AED-2000 insect detector by Everett Foreman [5169 kB, 16 s].
 
        D.12. link to coconut rhinoceros beetle sounds.wavOryctes rhinoceros  (Coconut rhinoceros beetle) stridulations by three different adults  near accelerometer [1413 kB, 10 s].
        D.13. link to sounds of Brazilian pepper tree weevil larvaeApocnemidophorus pipitzi  (Brazilian peppertree stem boring weevil) larvae feeding inside small branch of Brazilian peppertree,
                                Schinus terebinthifolius, courtesy of James Cuda, recorded with an accelerometer 
[2175 kB, 25 s]
        D.14.      link to A. pipitzi larval sounds in S. polygamus hostApocnemidophorus pipitzi  (Brazilian peppertree stem boring weevil) larvae feeding inside small branch of Brazilian peppertree,
                                relative, Schinus polygamus, courtesy of James Cuda recorded with an accelerometer 
[865 kB, 10 s]
D.15.      link to Dendroctonus valens soundsDendroctonus valens  (Red turpentine beetle) adult male calling recorded by Christian Salcedo with microphone  [590 kB, 5 s]

D.16.      link to Dendroctonus valens soundsHylobius abietes  (pine weevil) adult feeding, recorded with microphone by Frauke Fedderwitz, Swedish University of
                              Agricultural Sciences (
http://www2.ekol.slu.se/snytbagge/) [2084 kB, 10 s]

D.17.      link to oryctes elegans larval soundsOryctes elegans  (Rhinoceros beetle) larvae in date palm (recorded with AED-2010 with Hassan Al-Ayied
and Yusef Aldrymim ) [435 kB, 5 s]


E.  Movement and feeding sounds of insects in plants:
    E.1. link to sawfly.wavCephus cinctus (wheat stem sawfly) larva (0.014 g, 29-d-old
        recorded by Matt Grieshop with accelerometer clamped to wheat stem (Note: just a few audible clicks) [489 kB, 9.8 s].
F. Wing and abdominal vibration sounds recorded in insect communication studies:
F.1a.link to mosquito.wav  Aedes taeniorynchus (salt marsh mosquito) male mosquito swarm at Rookery Bay, FL[489 kb, 9.8 sec]
[Note:  There is a female mosquito buzzing in the foreground, and the higher-pitched sound of the male swarm is in the background.]
 Information about Aedes taeniorynchus swarms is given in: Mankin (1994)  link to J. Am. Mosq. 1994, 10:302  [1,609 kB]

F.1b. link to aedalbofemale5.wav Aedes albopictus  (Asian tiger mosquito) female in flight.
             Recorded by Everett Foreman with Bruel and Kjaer microphone  [489 kB, 9.8 s].
              Note that the wingbeat frequency is much lower than for the smaller male in F.1.c
               
F.1c. link to aedalbomale23.wav Aedes albopictus  (Asian tiger mosquito) male in flight. 
recorded by Everett Foreman with Bruel and Kjaer microphone  [489 kB, 9.8 s]

F.2. link to cffcall2.wavAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly) adult male calling song recorded with Bruel and Kjaer microphone. [489 kb, 9.8 s]


F.3 . link to qf241103-seg130s.wav    Bactrocera tyroni (Queensland fruit fly) adult male calling song recorded with
                 Phil Taylor at Macquarie University, Sydney Australia [1694 kB, 19.6 s]
                  for reference see Mankin et al. 2008 
.pdf icon [1348 kB] Mankin et al. (2000). .pdf icon [164 kB], Mankin et al. (1996)   link to Fruit Fly Pests, 1996, pp. 37-41 [1,174 kB]
    F.4a. link to medfly11.wavCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) adult male calling song
        recorded by James Anderson with Bruel and Kjaer microphone  [489 kB, 9.8 s]
See   Link to ec97p1299.pdf  Mankin et al. (2004).
    F.4b. link to 1029-8o.wavCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) adult male courtship song
        recorded by Everett Foreman with Bruel and Kjaer microphone  [489 kB, 9.8 s]
F.4c. link to 1021-1i.wavCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) adult male flight near microphone (Bruel and Kjaer)
recorded by Everett Foreman [489 kB, 9.8 s]

F.4d. link to sound19.wavCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) adult female flight near microphone (Bruel and Kjaer)
recorded by Everett Foreman [489 kB, 9.8 s]

F.5. link to cmargforrmankinjan202004mono.wav Cotesia marginiventris  (braconid parasitoid) male calling song (Courtesy of John Sivinski)  [1672 kB, 53 s]
    F.6a.link to hel142.wavHeliconius cydno alithea (Butterfly) adult female producing a series of wing clicks [161 kB, 3 s].
        (Recorded by Mirian Hay-Roe, University of Florida)
                See   Link to hayroe-jinsbeh-17.pdf (Hay-Roe and Mankin, 2004).
F.6b.    link to hel 233bw.wav 
Another series of wing clicks from another adult H. cydno. [321kB, 6s]
          F.6c.    link to f35biflora2_24_6-13.wav  Defensive stridulations by a female pupa. [136kB, 3s]
    F.7. Plodia interpunctella
    • link to sg12buz2.wavAdult male near pheromone source [1664 kB, 33.28 s]
      Information about adult male Plodia interpunctella recordings is presented in: Mankin et al. (1999). link to Environmental Entomology. 28: 557-565. [173 kB]
    • link to sg16buz2.wavAdult male without pheromone stimulation [1120 kB, 22.4 s]
F.8.link to housefly.wavMusca domestica (Housefly)  [140 kB, 3 s]
F.9. Delia antiqua
  • link to onion fly male .wavAdult male in flight [836 kB, 17 s]
  • link to female onion fly in flight.wavAdult female in flight  [739 kB, 15 s]
F.10. link to psyllid_m_f_int7.wavDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) male and female duetting on grapefruit plant, recorded with an accelerometer [1924 kB, 22 s]
               
link to psyllid_m_f_int7.wav Video of male response to playback of female call.
              
link to psyllid_m_f_int7.wav  Video of male response to synthetic mimic of female call.  F.11. link to brstbugfencakk-f2.wavEuschistus servus (brown stink bug) female calls on cotton plant, recorded with an accelerometer  [904 kB, 10 s]
F.12. link to bstbugmalecall-m1.wavEuschistus servus (brown stink bug) male calls on cotton plant, recorded with an accelerometer  [870 kB, 10 s]
F.13. link to brstbugmalefemduetl-m3f2.wavEuschistus servus (brown stink bug) male-female duet on cotton plant, recorded with an accelerometer  [1,787 kB, 20 s]
F.14. link to gsbcage.wavNezara viridula (southern green stink bug) male and female calls on cotton plant, recorded with an accelerometer  [1,383 kB, 16 s]
F.15. link to female Rhopalid stridulationsJadera haematoloma (soapberry bug). Stridulations by 2 of 4 females in small arena, recorded with a microphone by
                    Ariel  Zimmerman
[486 kB, 10 s]
F.16. link to male Rhopalid stridulationsJadera haematoloma (soapberry bug). Stridulations by 2 of 3 males in small arena, recorded with a microphone by
                    Ariel  Zimmerman
[471 kB, 10 s]


G. Ants moving and stridulating, phorid flies, and their interaction:
Note: for other stridulatory sounds, visit the National Center for Physical Acoustics insect sounds web site.  See also Hickling et al. (2000), Hickling and Brown (2001)Roces and Tautz (2001)
G.1a. link to 116a3ant.wavGeneral movement and stridulation sounds of fire ants  [977 kB, 10 s]
      recorded by James Anderson with Bruel and Kjaer microphone in a small colony of Solenopsis invicta. (Fire ants courtesy of Lloyd
      Davis).
G.1b. link to fireants_shortclip.wavGeneral movement and stridulation sounds of fire ants recorded with accelerometer from fire ants under citrus trees in Ft. Pierce citrus grove  [549 kB, 11 s]. see   Link to fshs03p304.pdf  Mankin and Lapointe (2003)

G.1c. link to dia447.wav ant stridulationsGeneral movement and stridulation sounds of Leptogenys kitteli ants [972 kB, 10 s] courtesy of Yu-Kun Chiu, Taiwan.

 G.2.  link to 116b9fly.wavFlight sounds of Pseudacteon tricuspis hovering over fire ants [977 kB, 10 s].
(See F.1 and  http://www.ars.usda.gov/pandp/people/people.htm?personid=4484).  (Phorid flies courtesy of Sanford Porter and Lloyd Davis).

G.3.  link to 116b6flyant.wavPseudacteon tricuspis (phorid flies) hovering over stridulating fire ants. (See F.1) [977 kB, 10 s].
H. Crickets, katydids, and cicadas:
H.1. Tom Walker's "Singing Insects" Web Site  and the Online Guide to Insect Songs by Lang Elliott and Wil Hershberger
H.2. Kazuyuki Hashimoto's "Insect Sound World" Web Site
H.3.
link to tree2flt.wav Underground immature crickets (from a grape vineyard near Citra, FL)

I. Examples to distinguish insect sounds from background noise:
Not all extraneous sounds can be distinguished from insects as easily as in I.1-I7 below, but the human ear can be trained to distinguish the typical clicking and slipping noises of subterranean insects from the drones of machinery or incidental wind noise.  Here are some examples you can try for yourself.
I.1. link to planeau1.wavInsect sounds mixed with plane noise, recorded from underground microphone in a field at Auburn, AL.   [1.4kB, 30 s]
This lively site contained 6 tenebrionids, 2 millipedes, 2 earthworms, 1 wireworm, 1 armyworm, a mature cydnid, and an immature cydnid.  (Recorded by Jamie Brandhorst-Hubbard with a soil microphone).  For reference, see link to J. Econ. Entomol. 93: 1173-1182  [172 kB].
I.2. link to planeau2.wavInsect sounds mixed with plane noise, shorter segment of I.1. [733 kB ,15 s]
I.3. link to monrbck1.wavPlane noise recorded with accelerometer on nail inside a pot at the Monrovia nursery, Dayton, OR. [733 kB, 15 s]
(For reference see black vine weevil sounds).
I.4. link to monrbck2.wavPlane and truck noise at commercial nursery.  (See I.3). [733 kB, 15 s]
I.5. link to monrbck3.wavTruck noise recorded in a pot containing black vine weevil larvae.  (See I.3). [733 kB, 15 s]
I.6. link to nwrec1.wavWind noise and background
recorded from an accelerometer on a nail inserted into a field at Oregon State University.  (see I.3). [733 kB, 15 s]
I.7. link to dmnurs1.wavWind noise and background
recorded from an accelerometer on nail inside a pot containing black vine weevil larvae.  (see I.3). [733 kB, 15 s]
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http://www.ars.usda.gov/pandp/docs.htm?docid=10919
10/18/14 Richard Mankin

Acknowledgments:
Hassan  Al-Ayied
Yousif Aldryhim
Joe Benshemesh
Keith Chandler
Yu-Kun Chiu
James Cuda
Omotola Dosunmu
Everett Foreman
Frauke Fedderwitz
Alexandra Ghalayini
Mirian Hay-Roe
Elizabeth Heatherington
Nathan Herrick
Jamee Hubbard
Johari Jalinas
Eric Kaufmann
Stephen Lapointe

Brittany Lampson
Gary Leibee
Rafa Lopez
Amos Mizrach
Aubrey Moore
Barukh Rohde
German Rubio
Christian Salcedo
Peter Samson
Will Sanders
Michael T. Smith
Victoria Soroker
Betty Weaver
Erik Wenninger
Minling Zhang
Ariel Zych

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Last Modified: 10/18/2014
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