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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Sound Library
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Sections A & B
Reference Library of Digitized Insect Sounds

Bug Bytes

The sounds of crickets courting and flies flying familiar to many of us, but have you heard a rice weevil larva eating inside a wheat kernel, a termite cutting a piece of wood, or a grub chewing on a root?  Modern insect detection and control technology makes use of these subtle signals, sampled below.
Most of the sound files in this library were selected from noise-free sections of recorded signal, but you can hear some typical background noises mixed with insect sounds at I below.  The insect sounds have higher frequencies and shorter durations that make them relatively easy to separate from background (see discussion in .pdf icon). Several different methods have been developed to identify sounds of particular insect species, and at least one author ( .pdf icon )  has tested a method against multiple signals below.
Richard MankinLogo and link: Center for Medical, Agriculture, and Veterinary Entomology, Agriculture Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture
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Note:  This page contains links to sound ( .wav files icon or .wav) files, and accompanying information in Link to Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) files as well as links to pictures or other information about each species in the Encyclopedia of Life  Encyclopedia of Life symbol or Featured Creatures Featured Creatures symbol.

 Some of the sounds are low in intensity, and it may be necessary to turn up the speaker volume to hear them.  Also, many sound players like to deemphasize low frequencies.  If your player has an equalizer and you can't hear the sounds, turn up the frequencies between 600 and 1500 Hz.

If the sound does not play well over the internet,  you can right click on the file, and then click Save Target As  to download the file to your desktop or elsewhere on your computer, where it may play better.

Coolest Top 5:
(my choice, let me know yours)
Cotesia marginiventris (Braconid parasitoid callinging song)
Bactrocera tyroni (Queensland fruit fly calling song)
Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)
Solenopsis invicta (Fire ant stridulation)
Drepanotermes (Australian termites, headbanging)

Below: Cornelius Dunmore and Katrina Hutchinson 
performing digital signal analysis of stored product insect pest sounds.
Cornelius Dunmore and Katrina Hutchinson analyzing insect sounds

Subject Index:

A. Stored product and household pest insect movement and feeding sounds
B. Movement and feeding sounds of soil invertebrates
C. Defensive stridulation by soil insects (dung beetles)
D. Movement and feeding sounds of insects in wood.  Termite head-banging
E. Movement and feeding sounds of insects in plants
F. Buzzing of fruit flies, butterflies, moths, and mosquitoes, stink bug, and Rhopalid  communication
G. Fire ants, phorid flies, and their interactions
H. Cricket, katydid, and cicada sounds, including underground sounds of immature crickets
I. Examples to distinguish insect sounds from background noise
More sounds: Iowa State Entomology Index
      Species Index:
Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) link to Aedes albopictus in Encyclopedia of Life
Aedes taeniorynchus (salt marsh mosquito) link to Aedes taeniorhynchus in Encyclopedia of Life
Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)  link to Anastrepha suspensa in Featured Creatures link to Anastrepha suspensa in Encyclopedia of Life
Anoplophora glabripennis  (Asian longhorned beetle) link to Anoplophora glabripennis in Encyclopedia of Life
Antitrogus parvulus (Childers grub) 
Apocnemidophorus pipitzi (Brazilian peppertree stem borer ) link to Brazilian peppertree weevil at UF
Bactrocera tyroni (Queensland fruit fly) link to Bactrocera tryoni in Encyclopedia of Life
Blattella germanica (German cockroach) link to Blattella germanica in Encyclopedia of Life
Buprestid spp.  (larva in oak branch)
Camponotus denticulatus (Australian ant) link to Camponotus in Encyclopedia of Life
Cephus cinctus (Wheat stem sawfly) link to Cephus cinctus in Encyclopedia of Life
Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) link to Ceratitis capitata in Featured Creatures  link to eol.org
Coptotermes formosanus (Formosan termite) link to coptotermes formosanus in encyclopedia of life
Cotesia marginiventris (Braconid parasitoid) link to eol.org
Cryptotermes or Incisitermes (Drywood termite)  link to eol.org
Delia antiqua (Onion fly) link to Delia antiqua info
Dendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle) link to Delia antiqua info
Dermolepida albohirtum (greyback cane grub)
Diaphorina citri (Asian citrius psyllid) link to Diaphorina citri in Featured Creatures  link to Diaphorina citri info
Diaprepes abbreviatus (Diaprepes root weevil)  link to Diaphorina citri in Featured Creatures link to Diaprepes abbreviatus
Drepanotermes (Australian termites)
Euschistus servus (brown stink bug) link to Euschistus servus in Featured Creatures link to Euschistus servus
Euzophera magnolialis (Magnolia root borer)  link to Euzophera magnolialis
Ensifera (Crickets and katydids, adults and underground immatures)
Gastropoda (snails) underground link to Gastropoda
Geotrupes egeriei (Dung beetle) defensive stridulation
Heliconius cydno alithea (Heliconid butterfly) adult and pupa link to Heliconius cydno
Hylobius abietes (pine weevil) link to Hylobius abietes
Hylotrupes bajulus (Old house borer) link to Hylotrupes bajulus
Jadera haematoloma (soapberry bug) link to Jadera haematoloma
Leptogenys kitteli (ants) stridulations
Lumbricidae (Earthworms) link to Lumbricidae
Monochamus titillator (Southern pine sawyer) link to Monochamus titillator
Musca domesticus (housefly) link to Musca domestica in Featured Creatures link to Musca domestica
Nezara viridula (Southern green stink bug) link to Nezara viridula in Featured Creatures link to Nezara viridula
Oryctes rhinoceros (Coconut rhinoceros beetle) stridulation link to coconut rhinoceros beetl stridulation
Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Black vine weevil) link to black vine weevil sounds
Peltotrupes profundus (Dung beetle) defensive stridulation
Phyllophaga (White grub)
Plodia interpunctella (Indian meal moth) adults and larvae
Polyphylla spp. (June beetle)
Pseudacteon tricuspis (Phorid fly)
Reticulitermes flavipes  (Eastern subterranean termite) link to Reticulitermes flavipes sounds
Reticulitermes virginicus (termite)
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) link to red palm weevil
Rhynchophorus cruentatus (palmetto weevil) link to Nezara viridula in Featured Creatures
Scapteriscus vicinus (Mole cricket) link to mole cricket article in Featured Creatures
Sitophilus oryzae (Rice weevil)
Solenopsis invicta (Fire ant) link to fire ants article in Featured Creatures
 

section demarcation line

 

A.  Stored Product Insect movement and feeding sounds recorded for insect detection and monitoring studies
(the sound quality differences that you hear are caused by differences in the spectral ranges of the sensors).

 
A.1. link to dfaccs11.wavPlodia interpunctella larvae in dry dog food [1147 kb, 30 s] recorded with Bruel and Kjaer accelerometer.
A.2. link to piezimm1.wav Individual Plodia interpunctella larva in dry dog food [489 kB, 10 s] recorded with piezoelectric disk sensor.
A.3. link to pvdfrw1.wavSitophilus oryzae larvae (17-18 d old) in wheat kernels [489 kB, 10 s] recorded with PVDF film sensor.
A.4. link to accelrw.wavSitophilus oryzae larvae (16-17 d old) in wheat kernels [489 kB, 10 s] recorded with Bruel and Kjaer accelerometer.
A.5. link to w40khzrw1.wavSitophilus oryzae larvae (16-17 d old) in wheat kernels [489 kB, 10 s] recorded with 40 kHz ultrasonic sensor.
A.6. link to w30khzrw1.wavSitophilus oryzae larvae (17-18 d old) in wheat kernels [977 kB, 10 s] recorded with 30 kHz ultrasonic sensor.
A.7. link to piezorw1.wavSitophilus oryzae larvae (16-17 d old) in wheat kernels [977 kB, 10 s] recorded with piezoelectric disk sensor.
A.8. link to roachmoves_m54524.wav roach stepsBlattella germanica (German cockroach adult male  [692 kB, 35 s] scurrying in a small arena, recorded with small microphone.
  B.  Movement and feeding sounds of soil invertebrates:

    For #'s B.1-3 see also:  Web Page by Phil Stansly, Biology of Diaprepes abbreviatus

    B.1. link to diaplab.wavDiaprepes abbreviatus larvae feeding on citrus stock in a 1-gallon pot  [1,465 kB, 30 s]
    B.2. Link to diapfld.wavDiaprepes abbreviatus larvae feeding on orange tree roots in a grove  [641 kB, 12.8 s] (see .pdf icon [2209 kB] )
    B.3. link to /diaprep1.wavRecording under different orange tree in same grove    [489 kB, 9.8 s]

      [Note:  Originally B.3 was thought also to be Diaprepes, but analysis of the sound pattern and spectra led us to reclassify the sound as an above-ground insect feeding in the tree canopy.]
    B.4a. link to grubsnd.wavPhyllophaga  (white grubs) recorded by Jamee Brandhorst-Hubbard
               w/ soil microphone [449 kB, 9 s]. (seeLink to jee-94-1452 . [556 kB])
    B.4b.link to unid5ed.wavPhyllophaga  (white grubs) recorded by Minling Zhang w/ soil microphone
            containing examples of a repeated pulse (near start of file), followed by several rustles,
            and a loud snap at end  [831 kB, 17 s].   (See Zhang et al. 2003) Link to Zhang et al., JEE 96, 1704 (2003)  .
    B.4.c.and B.4.d.  Two simultaneous recordings by Minling Zhang of a series
            of (6) sound pulses recorded from microphones inserted into soil near a white grub
            (Phyllophaga).  The series begins at ca. 8.8 s after the beginning of each recording
            and lasts for 1.5 s.  Other sounds also are present in the recordings.  [769 kB, 16 s]. Additional information
            in Zhang et al. (2003)     

    B.5. link to mpt1s1magnoliarootborer.wavEuzophera magnolialis Capps recorded in soil under magnolia tree.
           (Assisted by Gary Leibee) For more information about Magnolia root borer
           , see Leibee G. L. 1992.  Unearthing the magnolia menace.  American Nurseryman, January 1992, pp. 70-74 [489 kB, 9.8 s].

    B.6. link to polyphylla.wav Polyphylla spp. ( Possibly P. barbata). Unverified recordings in habitat of rare June beetle,
      recorded by John Rodgers near Santa Cruz, CA, using an AED-2000  insect detection system.
    B.7.link to molcrik1.wavScapteriscus vicinus  Mole cricket B.8. link to /molcrik1.wavScapteriscus vicinus  Mole cricket scraping sounds
        recorded by Everett Foreman w/ accelerometer [489 kB, 9.8 s].
        See Tom Walker's Web Site for above-ground sounds made by adults and reference information about mole crickets.
    B.9. link to worm1.wavLumbricidae spp. (earthworms) recorded in soil from a forage grass field
      using an accelerometer [489 kB 9.8 s].
            B.10.    Early-instar Rhynchophorus ferrugineus larvae recorded in Aruba with AED-2000 by Nathan Herrick
                                 (3 larvae in a Phoenix canariensis palm frond)    link to largeinfest.wav  [937 kB 10 s].

          More Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) and R. cruentatus (palmetto weevil) sounds.

        B.11. link to bvws22-2.wavOtiorhynchus sulcatus (black vine weevil) larvae in 1-gal. pot with yew tree,
recorded with accelerometer [489 kB, 10   s].
   
        More BVW sounds recorded with accelerometer in nursery containers with different host plants [6 segments, each 489 kB, 9.8 s].
        B.12. Link to greybackgrubt4.wavDermolepida albohirtum larvae (greyback grubs) feeding on sugarcane in a field near Mackay, Australia, recorded with an
                   accelerometer (assistance from Peter Samson)  [1492 kB, 17 s].

       
B.13. Link to childersprj11t03.wavAntitrogus parvulus larvae (Childers grubs) feeding on sugarcane in a field near Bundaberg, Australia, recorded with an
                  accelerometer (assistance from Keith Chandler)  [828 kB, 9 s]
.
        B.14. link to worm1.wavLumbricidae spp. (earthworms) recorded in soil from a forage grass field
                 
using an accelerometer [489 kB 9.8 s].
        B.15. link to worm1.wavGastropoda spp. (snails) recorded with an accelerometer in a container with a grape vine.
     

Sections C - I
        C.  Defensive stridulation of soil insects (dung beetles):
    Note:  For information about dung beetles, seeVulinec, K. 2000. Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), monkeys, and conservation in Amazonia.  Fla. Entomol. 83:229-241. Link to http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/fe83p229.pdf
       C.1. link to s2b1geoegeriei.wav, Geotrupes dung beetle stridulationGeotrupes egeriei Germar provided by Kevi Vulinec, University of Florida. [505 kB, 10.8 s]
       C.2. link to peltprofundus.wav, Peltotrupes dung beetle stridulation Peltotrupes profundus Howden provided by Kevi Vulinec, University of Florida [353 kB, 8 s]
        D.  Movement and feeding sounds of insects in wood:
          Note:  See Mankin, R. W., W. L. Osbrink, F. M. Oi, and J. B. Anderson. 2002.  Acoustic detection of termite infestations in urban trees.  J. Econ. Entomol. 95:981-988. Link to ee95p981.pdf   [146 kB]

        D.1. link to termite1.wavReticulitermes virginicus  (300 workers feeding on 2" x 4" x 8' plank, recorded by Donovan Filkins) [489 kB, 9.8 sec].
        D.2. link to retic1.wavReticulitermes flavipes (Eastern subterranean termite)
                recorded in soil under a pine tree,using an accelerometer.[489 kB, 9.8 s].

          D.3.link to gtr2000.wav       Recordings by John Green from an accelerometer placed into a laboratory colony of 2000
                      Eastern subterranean termite workers [2.93 mB, 60 s].
          D.4.link to termiteheadbanging.wav      Reticulitermes spp. headbanging recorded by John Rodgers
                              with an AED-2000 insect detection system. [206 kB, 4 s].
          D.5. link to formosa1.wavCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan termites)
              recorded in soil under an oak tree using an accelerometer  [489 kB, 9.8 s].
          D.6.link to drywoodtermites.wav Drywood termites (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae)
              (possibly Cryptotermes brevis (Walker) or Incisitermes snyderi (Light) in wooden beam).  For more information about drywood termites see Thoms. 2000. Use of an acoustic emissions detector and intragallery injection of spinosad by pest control operators for remedial control of drywood termites (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae). Link to http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/fe83p64.pdf
              Recorded by John Rodgers with an AED-2000 insect detection system. [160 kB, 10 s].
         
        link to termitessrrcoakaed.wavCompare with a second recording from the same tree by John Rodgers using an AED-2000 insect detection system, filtering out low-frequency noise. [227 kB, 10 s].
           
        D.7. link to trk11-1.wav   Drepanotermes termite head-banging with interspersed (higher frequency) ticks produced by attacking Camponotus denticulatus
                            ants,  recorded with geophone from termite mound near Alice Springs, Australia  [1.03 mB, 11 s].
         
             
         
        D.8. link to albsounds.wavAnoplophora glabripennis  (Asian longhorned beetle) larva recorded by Michael Smith
                 at the USDA-ARS, Beneficial Insect Introduction Research Unit, Newark, DE [486 kB, 9.7 s].

                  For reference, see Mankin et al. (2008) Link to http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/fe83p64.pdf
         
            D.9. link to pinesawyer sounds.wavMonochamus titillator  (Southern pine sawyer) larva recorded with accelerometer by Everett Foreman [586 kB, 12 s].
         
        link to pinesawyer sounds.wavMonochamus titillator  (Southern pine sawyer) larva recorded with AED-2000 insect detector by Everett Foreman [586 kB, 12 s].  The AED-2000 filters out low frequency noise.
                    D.10. link toold house borerr sounds.wavHylotrupes bajulus  (Old house borer) larva recorded with AED-2000 [1766 kB, 10.25 s].
                   
          D.11. link to pinesawyer sounds.wavBuprestid  larva in oak branch recorded with accelerometer by Everett Foreman [5169 kB, 60 s].
           
        link to pinesawyer sounds.wav Simultaneous recording of the Buprestid larva with AED-2000 insect detector by Everett Foreman [5169 kB, 16 s].
         
                  D.12. link to coconut rhinoceros beetle sounds.wavOryctes rhinoceros  (Coconut rhinoceros beetle) stridulations by three different adults  near accelerometer [1413 kB, 10 s].
                D.13. link to sounds of Brazilian pepper tree weevil larvaeApocnemidophorus pipitzi  (Brazilian peppertree stem boring weevil) larvae feeding inside small branch of Brazilian peppertree,
                                        Schinus terebinthifolius, courtesy of James Cuda, recorded with an accelerometer 
        [2175 kB, 25 s]
                D.14.      link to A. pipitzi larval sounds in S. polygamus hostApocnemidophorus pipitzi  (Brazilian peppertree stem boring weevil) larvae feeding inside small branch of Brazilian peppertree,
                                        relative, Schinus polygamus, courtesy of James Cuda recorded with an accelerometer 
        [865 kB, 10 s]
        D.15.      link to Dendroctonus valens soundsDendroctonus valens  (Red turpentine beetle) adult male calling recorded by Christian Salcedo with microphone  [590 kB, 5 s]

        D.16.      link to Dendroctonus valens soundsHylobius abietes  (pine weevil) adult feeding, recorded with microphone by Frauke Fedderwitz, Swedish University of
                                      Agricultural Sciences (
        http://www2.ekol.slu.se/snytbagge/) [2084 kB, 10 s]
        E.  Movement and feeding sounds of insects in plants:
            E.1. link to sawfly.wavCephus cinctus (wheat stem sawfly) larva (0.014 g, 29-d-old
              recorded by Matt Grieshop with accelerometer clamped to wheat stem (Note: just a few audible clicks) [489 kB, 9.8 s].
          F. Wing and abdominal vibration sounds recorded in insect communication studies:
        F.1a.link to mosquito.wav  Aedes taeniorynchus (salt marsh mosquito) male mosquito swarm at Rookery Bay, FL[489 kb, 9.8 sec]
        [Note:  There is a female mosquito buzzing in the foreground, and the higher-pitched sound of the male swarm is in the background.]
         Information about Aedes taeniorynchus swarms is given in: Mankin (1994)  link to J. Am. Mosq. 1994, 10:302  [1,609 kB]

        F.1b. link to aedalbofemale5.wav Aedes albopictus  (Asian tiger mosquito) female in flight. 
         
                    Note that the wingbeat frequency is much lower than for the smaller male in F.1.c.
                     Recorded by Everett Foreman with Bruel and Kjaer microphone  [489 kB, 9.8 s].
           
                 
          F.1c. link to aedalbomale23.wav Aedes albopictus  (Asian tiger mosquito) male in flight. 
          recorded by Everett Foreman with Bruel and Kjaer microphone  [489 kB, 9.8 s]
           

          F.2. link to cffcall2.wavAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly) adult male calling song recorded with Bruel and Kjaer microphone. [489 kb, 9.8 s]


          F.3 . link to qf241103-seg130s.wav    Bactrocera tyroni (Queensland fruit fly) adult male calling song recorded with
                           Phil Taylor at Macquarie University, Sydney Australia [1694 kB, 19.6 s]
                            for reference see Mankin et al. 2008 
          .pdf icon [1348 kB] Mankin et al. (2000). .pdf icon [164 kB], Mankin et al. (1996)   link to Fruit Fly Pests, 1996, pp. 37-41 [1,174 kB]
             
               
              F.4a. link to medfly11.wavCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) adult male calling song
                recorded by James Anderson with Bruel and Kjaer microphone  [489 kB, 9.8 s]
           
             
                   
            See   Link to ec97p1299.pdf  Mankin et al. (2004).
             
              F.4b. link to 1029-8o.wavCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) adult male courtship song
                  recorded by Everett Foreman with Bruel and Kjaer microphone  [489 kB, 9.8 s]
             
            F.4c. link to 1021-1i.wavCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) adult male flight near microphone (Bruel and Kjaer)
            recorded by Everett Foreman [489 kB, 9.8 s]

            F.4d. link to sound19.wavCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) adult female flight near microphone (Bruel and Kjaer)
            recorded by Everett Foreman [489 kB, 9.8 s]

            F.5. link to cmargforrmankinjan202004mono.wav Cotesia marginiventris  (braconid parasitoid) male calling song (Courtesy of John Sivinski)  [1672 kB, 53 s]
              F.6a.link to hel142.wavHeliconius cydno alithea (Butterfly) adult female producing a series of wing clicks [161 kB, 3 s].
                  (Recorded by Mirian Hay-Roe, University of Florida)
                     
                 
             
                            See   Link to hayroe-jinsbeh-17.pdf (Hay-Roe and Mankin, 2004).
            F.6b.    link to hel 233bw.wav 
            Another series of wing clicks from another adult H. cydno. [321kB, 6s]
             
                      F.6c.    link to f35biflora2_24_6-13.wav  Defensive stridulations by a female pupa. [136kB, 3s]  
              F.7. Plodia interpunctella
              • link to sg12buz2.wavAdult male near pheromone source [1664 kB, 33.28 s]
                Information about adult male Plodia interpunctella recordings is presented in: Mankin et al. (1999). link to Environmental Entomology. 28: 557-565. [173 kB]
              • link to sg16buz2.wavAdult male without pheromone stimulation [1120 kB, 22.4 s]
               
            F.8.link to housefly.wavMusca domestica (Housefly)  [140 kB, 3 s]
            F.9. Delia antiqua
            • link to onion fly male .wavAdult male in flight [836 kB, 17 s]
            • link to female onion fly in flight.wavAdult female in flight  [739 kB, 15 s]
            F.10. link to psyllid_m_f_int7.wavDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) male and female duetting on grapefruit plant, recorded with an accelerometer [1924 kB, 22 s]
                           
            link to psyllid_m_f_int7.wav Video of male response to playback of female call.
                          
            link to psyllid_m_f_int7.wav  Video of male response to synthetic mimic of female call. 
            F.11. link to brstbugfencakk-f2.wavEuschistus servus (brown stink bug) female calls on cotton plant, recorded with an accelerometer  [904 kB, 10 s]
            F.12. link to bstbugmalecall-m1.wavEuschistus servus (brown stink bug) male calls on cotton plant, recorded with an accelerometer  [870 kB, 10 s]
            F.13. link to brstbugmalefemduetl-m3f2.wavEuschistus servus (brown stink bug) male-female duet on cotton plant, recorded with an accelerometer  [1,787 kB, 20 s]
            F.14. link to gsbcage.wavNezara viridula (southern green stink bug) male and female calls on cotton plant, recorded with an accelerometer  [1,383 kB, 16 s]
            F.15. link to female Rhopalid stridulationsJadera haematoloma (soapberry bug). Stridulations by 2 of 4 females in small arena, recorded with a microphone by
                                Ariel  Zimmerman
            [486 kB, 10 s]
            F.16. link to male Rhopalid stridulationsJadera haematoloma (soapberry bug). Stridulations by 2 of 3 males in small arena, recorded with a microphone by
                                Ariel  Zimmerman
            [471 kB, 10 s]

               
                     
               
                  G. Ants moving and stridulating, phorid flies, and their interaction:
                Note: for other stridulatory sounds, visit the National Center for Physical Acoustics insect sounds web site.  See also Hickling et al. (2000), Hickling and Brown (2001)Roces and Tautz (2001)
            G.1a. link to 116a3ant.wavGeneral movement and stridulation sounds of fire ants  [977 kB, 10 s]
                  recorded by James Anderson with Bruel and Kjaer microphone in a small colony of Solenopsis invicta. (Fire ants courtesy of Lloyd
                  Davis).
             
            G.1b. link to fireants_shortclip.wavGeneral movement and stridulation sounds of fire ants recorded with accelerometer from fire ants under citrus trees in Ft. Pierce citrus grove  [549 kB, 11 s]. see   Link to fshs03p304.pdf  Mankin and Lapointe (2003)

            G.1c. link to dia447.wav ant stridulationsGeneral movement and stridulation sounds of Leptogenys kitteli ants [972 kB, 10 s] courtesy of Yu-Kun Chiu, Taiwan.

             G.2.  link to 116b9fly.wavFlight sounds of Pseudacteon tricuspis hovering over fire ants [977 kB, 10 s].
            (See F.1 and  http://www.ars.usda.gov/pandp/people/people.htm?personid=4484).  (Phorid flies courtesy of Sanford Porter and Lloyd Davis).

            G.3.  link to 116b6flyant.wavPseudacteon tricuspis (phorid flies) hovering over stridulating fire ants. (See F.1) [977 kB, 10 s].
              H. Crickets, katydids, and cicadas:
            H.1. Tom Walker's "Singing Insects" Web Site  and the Online Guide to Insect Songs by Lang Elliott and Wil Hershberger
            H.2. Kazuyuki Hashimoto's "Insect Sound World" Web Site
            H.3.
            link to tree2flt.wav Underground immature crickets (from a grape vineyard near Citra, FL)
              I. Examples to distinguish insect sounds from background noise:
                Not all extraneous sounds can be distinguished from insects as easily as in I.1-I7 below, but the human ear can be trained to distinguish the typical clicking and slipping noises of subterranean insects from the drones of machinery or incidental wind noise.  Here are some examples you can try for yourself.
            I.1. link to planeau1.wavInsect sounds mixed with plane noise, recorded from underground microphone in a field at Auburn, AL.   [1.4kB, 30 s]
            This lively site contained 6 tenebrionids, 2 millipedes, 2 earthworms, 1 wireworm, 1 armyworm, a mature cydnid, and an immature cydnid.  (Recorded by Jamie Brandhorst-Hubbard with a soil microphone).  For reference, see link to J. Econ. Entomol. 93: 1173-1182  [172 kB].
            I.2. link to planeau2.wavInsect sounds mixed with plane noise, shorter segment of I.1. [733 kB ,15 s]
            I.3. link to monrbck1.wavPlane noise recorded with accelerometer on nail inside a pot at the Monrovia nursery, Dayton, OR. [733 kB, 15 s]
            (For reference see black vine weevil sounds).
            I.4. link to monrbck2.wavPlane and truck noise at commercial nursery.  (See I.3). [733 kB, 15 s]
            I.5. link to monrbck3.wavTruck noise recorded in a pot containing black vine weevil larvae.  (See I.3). [733 kB, 15 s]
            I.6. link to nwrec1.wavWind noise and background
            recorded from an accelerometer on a nail inserted into a field at Oregon State University.  (see I.3). [733 kB, 15 s]
            I.7. link to dmnurs1.wavWind noise and background
            recorded from an accelerometer on nail inside a pot containing black vine weevil larvae.  (see I.3). [733 kB, 15 s]
             
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            http://www.ars.usda.gov/pandp/docs.htm?docid=10919
            10/26/12 Richard Mankin

              Acknowledgments:
            Joe Benshemesh
            Keith Chandler
            Yu-Kun Chiu
            James Cuda
            Omotola Dosunmu
            Everett Foreman
            Frauke Fedderwitz
            Alexandra Ghalayini
            Mirian Hay-Roe
            Elizabeth Heatherington
            Nathan Herrick
            Jamee Hubbard
            Johari Jalinas
            Eric Kaufmann
            Stephen Lapointe

            Brittany Lampson
            Gary Leibee
            Rafa Lopez
            Aubrey Moore
            Barukh Rohde
            German Rubio
            Christian Salcedo
            Peter Samson
            Will Sanders
            Michael T. Smith
            Betty Weaver
            Erik Wenninger
            Minling Zhang
            Ariel Zych


            Last Modified: 9/19/2013