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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

Toni L Poole
Food and Feed Safety Research
Research Microbiologist

Phone: (979) 260-9360
Fax: (979) 260-9332
2881 F&B ROAD
COLLEGE STATION, TX, 77845

Projects
MICROBIAL INTERACTIONS AND MANAGEMENT APPROACHES TO REDUCE PATHOGENIC BACTERIA IN POULTRY
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 419765
INTERVENTIONS TO REDUCE FOODBORNE PATHOGENS IN SWINE AND CATTLE
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 420799

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Transfer of the virulence-associated protein A-bearing plasmid between field strains of virulent and avirulent Rhodococcus equi Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stoughton, W., Poole, T.L., Kuskie, K., Liu, M., Bishop, K., Morrissey, A., Takai, S., Cohen, N. 2013. Transfer of the virulence-associated protein A-bearing plasmid between field strains of virulent and avirulent Rhodococcus equi. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 27:1555-1562.
Food safety - mitigating pathogens in beef cattle: What can producers do? - (Proceedings)
Callaway, T.R., Edrington, T.S., Anderson, R.C., Poole, T.L., Nisbet, D.J. 2013. Food safety: Mitigating pathogens in beef cattle: What can producers do? Proc. Beef Cattle Symp. Can. Soc. Anim. Sci. Banff, AB. pp. 13-15.
Use and misuse of antimicrobial drugs in poultry and livestock: Mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance Reprint Icon - (Review Article)
Poole, T.L., Sheffield, C.L. 2013. Use and misuse of antimicrobial drugs in poultry and livestock: Mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance. Pakistan Veterinary Journal. 33:266-271.
The effect of chlortetracycline on faecal microbial populations in growing swine Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Poole, T.L., Suchodolski, J.S., Callaway, T.R., Farrow, R.L., Loneragan, G.H., Nisbet, D.J. 2013. The effect of chlortetracycline on faecal microbial populations in growing swine. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance. 1:171-174.
Novel methods for pathogen control in livestock preharvest: An update - (Book / Chapter)
Callaway, T.R., Anderson, R.C., Edrington, T.S., Genovese, K.J., Harvey, R.B., Poole, T.L., Nisbet, D.J. 2013. Novel methods for pathogen control in livestock preharvest: An update. In: Sofos, J., editor. Advances in Microbial Food Safety. Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing Limited. p. 275-304.
Destruction of single-species biofilms of Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae by dextranase, lactoferrin, and lysozyme Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sheffield, C.L., Crippen, T.L., Poole, T.L., Beier, R.C. 2013. Destruction of single-species biofilms of Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae by dextranase, lactoferrin, and lysozyme. International Microbiology. 15:185-189.
Disinfectant and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains from cattle carcasses, feces, and hides and ground beef from the United States Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Beier, R.C., Poole, T.L., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Anderson, R.C., Bischoff, K.M., Hernandez, C.A., Bono, J.L., Arthur, T.M., Nagaraja, T.G., Crippen, T.L., Sheffield, C.L., Nisbet, D.J. 2013. Disinfectant and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains from cattle carcasses, feces, and hides and ground beef from the United States. Journal of Food Protection. 76:6-17.
Competitive effect of commensal faecal bacteria from growing swine fed chlortetracycline-supplemented feed on beta-haemolytic Escherichia coli strains with multiple antimicrobial resistance plasmids Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Poole, T.L., Callaway, T.R., Bischoff, K.M., Loneragan, G.H., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2012. Competitive effect of commensal faecal bacteria from growing swine fed chlortetracycline-supplemented feed on beta-haemolytic Escherichia coli strains with multiple antimicrobial resistance plasmids. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 113:659-668.
Competitive effect of commensal faecal bacteria from growing swine fed chlortetracycline-supplemented feed on beta-haemolytic Escherichia coli strains with multiple antimicrobial resistance plasmids Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Poole, T.L., Callaway, T.R., Bischoff, K.M., Longeragan, G.H., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2012. Competitive effect of commensal faecal bacteria from growing swine fed chlortetracycline-supplemented feed on beta-haemolytic Escherichia coli strains with multiple antimicrobial resistance plasmids. Journal of Applied Microbiology. 113:659-668.
Lesser mealworms on poultry farms: A potential arena for the dissemination of pathogens and antimicrobial resistance - (Book / Chapter)
Crippen, T.L., Poole, T.L. 2012. Lesser mealworms on poultry farms: A potential arena for the dissemination of pathogens and antimicrobial resistance. In: Callaway, T.R., Edrington, T.S., editors. On-Farm Strategies to Control Foodborne Pathogens. New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. p. 233-272.
Current status of practical applications: Probiotics in dairy cattle - (Book / Chapter)
Callaway, T.R., Edrington, T.S., Poole, T.L., Nisbet, D.J. 2011. Current status of practical applications: Probiotics in dairy cattle. In: Callaway, T.R., Ricke, S.C., editors. Direct Fed Microbials/Prebiotics for Animals: Science and Mechanisms of Action. New York, NY: Springer Verlag Publishing. p. 121-136.
Evaluation of Salmonella movement through the gut of the lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zheng, L., Crippen, T.L., Sheffield, C.L., Poole, T.L., Ziniu, Y., Tomberlin, J. 2012. Evaluation of Salmonella movement through the gut of the lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. 12:287-292.
Characterization of Salmonella enterica isolates from turkeys in commercial processing plants for resistance to antibiotics, disinfectants, and a growth promoter Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Beier, R.C., Anderson, P.N., Hume, M.E., Poole, T.L., Duke, S.E., Crippen, T.L., Sheffield, C.L., Caldwell, D.J., Byrd II, J.A., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2011. Characterization of Salmonella enterica isolates from turkeys in commercial processing plants for resistance to antibiotics, disinfectants, and a growth promoter. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 8:593-600.
Persistence of resistance plasmids carried by beta-hemolytic E. coli when maintained in a continous-flow fermentation system without antimicrobial selection pressure Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Poole, T.L., Harhay, D.M., Callaway, T.R., Beier, R.C., Bischoff, K.M., Loneragon, G.H., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2011. Persistence of resistance plasmids carried by beta-hemolytic E. coli when maintained in a continous-flow fermentation system without antimicrobial selection pressure. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 8:535-540.
Evaluation of phage treatment as a strategy to reduce Salmonella populations in growing swine Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Callaway, T.R., Edrington, T.S., Anderson, R.C., Poole, T.L., Genovese, K.J., Krueger, N.A., Harvey, R.B., Nisbet, D.J. 2011. Evaluation of phage treatment as a strategy to reduce Salmonella populations in growing swine. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 8:261-266.
Diversity of Multi-drug Resistant Salmonella enterica Associated with Cull Cattle at Harvest in the United States - (Abstract Only)
Harhay, D.M., Poole, T.L., Durso, L.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2010. Diversity of Multi-drug Resistant Salmonella enterica Associated with Cull Cattle at Harvest in the United States [abstract]. American Society for Microbiology. p. 25, Presentation No. S4:1 and p. 111, Poster No. B176.
Actual and future solutions for the resistance problem at the human-animal interface of resistance - (Proceedings)
Callaway, T.R., Vlieghe, E., Anderson, R.C., Edrington, T.S., Poole, T.L., Maldonado, C., Nisbet, D.J. 2010. Actual and future solutions for the resistance problem at the human-animal interface of resistance (HAIR). Proceedings of International Congress of Chemotherapy. p. 9-15.
Conjugative plasmid transfer between Salmonella enterica Newport and Escherichia coli within the gastrointestinal tract of the lesser mealworm beetle, Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Poole, T.L., Crippen, T.L. 2009. Conjugative plasmid transfer between Salmonella enterica Newport and Escherichia coli within the gastrointestinal tract of the lesser mealworm beetle, Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Poultry Science. 88:1553-1558.
Ecology of Enterococcus faecalis and niche adapted or non-niche-adapted Enterococcus faecium in continuous-flow anaerobic cultures - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Poole, T.L., Byrd II, J.A., Callaway, T.R., Nisbet, D.J. 2009. Ecology of Enterococcus faecalis and niche-adapted or non-niche-adapted Enterococcus faecium in continuous-flow anaerobic cultures. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 6:901-906.
Conjugative transferability of the A/C plasmids from Salmonella enterica isolates that possess or lack blaCMY in the A/C plasmid backbone - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Poole, T.L., Edrington, T.S., Harhay, D.M., Carattoli, A., Ramlachan, N., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2009. Conjugative transferability of the A/C plasmids from Salmonella enterica isolates that possess or lack blaCMY in the A/C plasmid backbone. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 6:1185-1194.
Conjugative transfer of plasmid-located antibiotic resistance genes within the gastrointestinal tract of lesser mealworm larvae, Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Crippen, T.L., Poole, T.L. 2009. Conjugative transfer of plasmid-located antibiotic resistance genes within the gastrointestinal tract of lesser mealworm larvae, Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 6:907-915.
Influence of sprinklers, used to alleviate heat stress, on faecal shedding of E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella and Enterococcus in lactating dairy cattle Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Edrington, T.S., Carter, B.H., Friend, T.H., Hagevoort, R., Poole, T.L., Callaway, T.R., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2009. Influence of sprinklers, used to alleviate heat stress, on faecal shedding of E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella and Enterococcus in lactating dairy cattle. Letters in Applied Microbiology. 48:738-743.
Effects of ionophores on Enterococcus faecalis and E. faecium growth in pure and mixed ruminal culture Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nisbet, D.J., Callaway, T.R., Edrington, T.S., Anderson, R.C., Poole, T.L. 2008. Effects of ionophores on Enterococcus faecalis and E. faecium growth in pure and mixed ruminal culture. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 5(2):193-198.
Antibiotic and disinfectant susceptibility profiles of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) isolated from community wastewater in Texas Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Beier, R.C., Duke, S.E., Ziprin, R.L., Harvey, R.B., Hume, M.E., Poole, T.L., Scott, H.M., Highfield, L.D., Alali, W.Q., Andrews, K., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2008. Antibiotic and disinfectant susceptibility profiles of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) isolated from community wastewater in Texas. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 80(3):188-194.
Investigation into the seasonal salmonellosis in lactating dairy cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Edrington, T.S., Ross, T.T., Callaway, T.R., Martinez, C.H., Hume, M.E., Genovese, K.J., Poole, T.L., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2007. Investigation into the seasonal salmonellosis in lactating dairy cattle. Epidemiology and Infection. 136:381-390.
Dietary lactose and its effects on the disease necrotic enteritis - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
McReynolds, J.L., Byrd II, J.A., Genovese, K.J., Poole, T.L., Duke, S.E., Farnell, M.B., Nisbet, D.J. 2007. Dietary lactose and its effect on the disease condition of necrotic enteritis. Poultry Science. 86:1656-1661.
Genetic Characterization and Correlation to Multidrug Resistance of Isolates of Salmonella Newport Derived from Beef and Dairy Cattle - (Abstract Only)
Ramlachan, N., Poole, T.L., Edrington, T.S., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2006. Genetic characterization and correlation to multidrug resistance in isolates of Salmonella enterica serovar Newport derived from beef and dairy cattle [abstract]. American Society for Microbiology. p. 88-89.
High Prevalence of Incompatibility Group Inca/c among Multi-Drug Resistant Salmonella Enterica Serotype Newport Isolated from Dairy Cattle - (Abstract Only)
Poole, T.L., Ramlachan, N., Edrington, T.S., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2006. High prevalence of incompatibility group IncA/C among multi-drug resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Newport isolated from dairy cattle [abstract]. American Society for Microbiology. p. 87.
Effect of Flavophospholipol on Conjugation Frequency Between Escherichia Coli Donor and Recipient Pairs in Vitro and in the Chicken Gastrointestinal Tract - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Poole, T.L., McReynolds, J.L., Edrington, T.S., Byrd II, J.A., Callaway, T.R., Nisbet, D.J. 2006. Effect of flavophospholipol on conjugation frequency between Escherichia coli donor and recipient pairs in vitro and in the chicken gastrointestinal tract. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 58:359-366.
Comparative Susceptibilities of Representative Enterobacteriaceae and Gut Commensal Bacteria to the Active Agent of An Experimental Chlorate Product - (Abstract Only)
Anderson, R.C., Harvey, R.B., Poole, T.L., Ramlachan, N., Callaway, T.R., Byrd II, J.A., Edrington, T.S., McReynolds, J.L., Nisbet, D.J. 2006. Comparative susceptibilities of representative enterobacteriaceae and gut commensal bacteria to the active agent of an experimental chlorate product [abstract]. 19th International Pig Veterinary Society Congress. 2:463.
Fecal Prevalence of Escherichia Coli O157, Salmonella, Listeria, and Bacteriophage Infecting E. Coli O157:h7 in Feedlot Cattle in the Southern Plains Region of the United States. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Callaway, T.R., Edrington, T.S., Brabban, A.D., Keen, J.E., Anderson, R.C., Rossman, M.L., Engler, M.J., Genovese, K.J., Gwartney, B.L., Reagan, J.O., Poole, T.L., Harvey, R.B., Kutter, E.M., Nisbet, D.J. 2006. Fecal prevalence of Escherichia coli O157, Salmonella, Listeria, and bacteriophage infecting E. coli O157:H7 in feedlot cattle in the southern plains region of the United States. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 3:234-244.
Social Stress Increases Fecal Shedding of Salmonella Typhimurium by Early Weaned Piglets - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Callaway, T.R., Morrow, J.A., Edrington, T.S., Genovese, K.J., Dowd, S.E., Carroll, J.A., Dailey, J.W., Harvey, R.B., Poole, T.L., Anderson, R.C. 2006. Social stress increases fecal shedding of Salmonella typhimurium by early weaned piglets. Current Issues in Intestinal Microbiology. 7:65-72.
Macrolide Inactivation Gene Cluster Mpha-Mrx-Mphr Adjacent to a Class 1 Integron in Aeromonas Hydrophila Isolated from a Diarrhoeic Pig in Oklahoma - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Poole, T.L., Callaway, T.R., Bischoff, K.M., Nisbet, D.J. 2006. Macrolide inactivation gene cluster mphA-mrx-mphR adjacent to a class 1 integron in Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from a diarrhoeic pig in Oklahoma. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 57:31-38.
Chlorhexidine Susceptibility, Virulence Factors and Antibiotic Resistance of Beta-Hemolytic Escherichia Coli Isolated from Neonatal Swine with Diarrhea - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Beier, R.C., Bischoff, K.M., Ziprin, R.L., Poole, T.L., Nisbet, D.J. 2005. Chlorhexidine susceptibility, virulence factors, and antibiotic resistance of beta-hemolytic Escherichia coli isolated from neonatal swine with diarrhea. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 75:835-844.
Antimicrobial Resistance of Enteric Bacteria from An Integrated Population of Swine and Humans - (Abstract Only)
Harvey, R.B., Scott, H.M., Poole, T.L., Hume, M.E., Highfield, L.D., Alali, W.Q., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2005. Antimicrobial resistance of enteric bacteria from an integrated population of swine and humans [abstract]. Proceedings of Allen D. Leman Swine Conference. 32(Suppl.):8.
Persistence of Salmonella Typhimurium in Porcine Gut Microflora - (Proceedings)
Anderson, T.J., Poole, T.L., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2005. Persistence of Salmonella typhimurium in porcine gut microflora. Proceedings of SafePork 2005. p. 280-282.
Characterization of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus Faecium Isolated from a Semi-Closed Population of Healthy Humans in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Poole, T.L., Hume, M.E., Campbell, L.D., Scott, H.M., Alali, W.Q., Harvey, R.B. 2005. Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium strains isolated from community wastewater from a semi-closed agri-food system in Texas. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 49:4382-4385.
Media Effects on Recovery of Apparent Antibiotic Resistant Enterobacteria - (Proceedings)
Ramlachan, N., Poole, T.L., Kim, W.K., Callaway, T.R., Ricke, S.C., Anderson, R.C., Harvey, R.B., Nisbet, D.J. 2005. Effects of antibiotic-supplemented media on recovery of enterobacteria. Proceedings of SafePork 2005. p. 296-298.
Genotypic and Phenotypic Characterization of Enteric Bacteria in An Integrated Population of Swine and Humans - (Proceedings)
Harvey, R.B., Scott, H.M., Poole, T.L., Hume, M.E., Highfield, L.D., Alali, W.Q., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2005. Genotypic and phenotypic characterization of enteric bacteria in an integrated population of swine and humans. Proceedings of SafePork 2005. p. 234-237.
Effect of Water Sprinkling on Incidence of Zoonotic Pathogens, Performance, Carcass Traits, and Behavior in Feedlot Cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Morrow, J.L., Mitloehner, F.M., Johnson, A.K., Galyean, M.L., Dailey, J.W., Edrington, T.S., Anderson, R.C., Genovese, K.J., Poole, T.L., Duke, S.E., Callaway, T.R. 2005. Effect of water sprinkling on incidence of zoonotic pathogens, performance, carcass traits, and behavior in feedlot cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 83:1959-0966.
Characterization of Glycopeptide-Resistant Enterococcus Faecium Isolated from a Semi-Closed Vertically Integrated Population of Humans and Swine in the United States - (Abstract Only)
Poole, T.L., Hume, M.E., Campbell, L.D., Scott, H.M., Alali, W.Q., Harvey, R.B. 2005. Characterization of glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus faecium isolated from a semi-closed vertically integrated population of humans and swine in the United States [abstract]. Annual Conference on Antimicrobial Resistance. p. 35.
Anatagonistic Interactions Between E. Faecalis and E. Faecium in a Mixed Anaerobic Continuous-Flow Culture of Chicken Cecal Microflora - (Abstract Only)
Poole, T.L., Nisbet, D.J. 2005. Anatagonistic interactions between E. faecalis and E. faecium in a mixed anaerobic continuous-flow culture of chicken cecal microflora [abstract]. American Society for Microbiology. p. 50.
Environmental Prevalence and Persistence of Salmonella Spp. in Outdoor Swine Wallows - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Callaway, T.R., Morrow, J.L., Johnson, A.K., Dailey, J.W., Wallace, F.M., Wagstrom, E.A., McGlone, J.J., Lewis, A.R., Dowd, S.E., Poole, T.L., Edrington, T.S., Anderson, R.C., Genovese, K.J., Byrd II, J.A., Harvey, R.B., Nisbet, D.J. 2005. Environmental prevalence and persistence of Salmonella spp. in outdoor swine wallows. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 2:263-273.
Fecal Prevalence and Diversity of Salmonella Spp. in Lactating Dairy Cattle in Four States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Callaway, T.R., Keen, J.E., Edrington, T.S., Anderson, R.C., Genovese, K.J., Poole, T.L., Harvey, R.B., Nisbet, D.J., Baumgard, L.H., Griswold, K.E. 2005. Fecal prevalence and diversity of Salmonella spp. in lactating dairy cattle in four states. Journal of Dairy Science. 88:3603-3608.
Pre-Slaughter Intervention Strategies to Reduce Food-Borne Pathogens in Food Animals: What Are We Doing? - (Trade Journal)
Callaway, T.R., Anderson, R.C., Edrington, T.S., Genovese, K.J., Poole, T.L., Harvey, R.B., Nisbet, D.J. 2005. Pre-slaughter intervention strategies to reduce food-borne pathogens in food animals: What are we doing? Feedinfo News Service Scientific Reviews. Available: http://www.feedinfo.com.
How Common Are Bacteriophage in Feces of U.S. Feedlot Cattle? - (Abstract Only)
Callaway, T.R., Edrington, T.S., Genovese, K.J., Keen, J.E., Anderson, R.C., Brabban, A.D., Kutter, E., Schultz, C.L., Poole, T.L., Nisbet, D.J. 2005. How common are bacteriophage in feces of U.S. feedlot cattle [abstract]? Society for General Microbiology. p. 61.
The Chloramphenicol Resistance Gene Cmla Is Disseminated on Transferable Plasmids That Confer Multiple-Drug Resistance in Swine Escherichia Coli - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bischoff, K.M., White, D.G., Hume, M.E., Poole, T.L., Nisbet, D.J. 2005. The chloramphenicol resistance gene cmlA is disseminated on transferable plasmids that confer multiple-drug resistance in swine Escherichia coli. FEMS Microbiology Letters. 243:285-291.
Comparison of Spontaneous Antibiotic Resistance Frequency of Salmonella Typhimurium Growth in Glucose-Limited Continuous Culture at Slow and Fast Growth Rates - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, W.K., Karabasil, N., Bulajic, S., Dunkley, K.D., Callaway, T.R., Poole, T.L., Ricke, S.C., Anderson, R.C., Nisbet, D.J. 2005. Comparison of spontaneous antibiotic frequency of Salmonella typhimurium growth in glucose amended continuous culture at slow and fast dilution rates. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part B. 40:475-484.
Alternatives to Antibiotics - (Book / Chapter)
Poole, T.L., Callaway, T.R., Nisbet, D.J. 2007. Alternatives to antimicrobials. In: Shabbir, S., editor. Foodborne Diseases. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press. p. 419-433.
Evaluation of Immunosuppressants and Dietary Mechanisms in An Experimental Disease Model for Necrotic Enteritis - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
McReynolds, J.L., Byrd II, J.A., Anderson, R.C., Moore, R.W., Edrington, T.S., Genovese, K.J., Poole, T.L., Kubena, L.F., Nisbet, D.J. 2004. Evaluation of immunosuppressants and dietary mechanisms in an experimental disease model for necrotic enteritis. Poultry Science. 83:1948-1952.
Environmental Prevalence of Salmonella on Indoor and Outdoor Intensive Swine Farms - (Abstract Only)
Callaway, T.R., Morrow, J.L., Genovese, K.J., Dailey, J.W., Wallace, F.M., Poole, T.L., Lewis, A.R., Dowd, S.E., Edrington, T.S., Anderson, R.C. 2004. Environmental prevalence of salmonella on indoor and outdoor intensive swine farms. Proceedings of Allen D Leman Swine Conference. 31(Suppl.):23.
Sodium Chlorate Supplementation for Control of Food Safety Organisms in Livestock - (Proceedings)
Callaway, T.R., Anderson, R.C., Edrington, T.S., Genovese, K.J., Byrd II, J.A., Poole, T.L., Nisbet, D.J. 2004. Sodium chlorate: Potential food-borne pathogen reduction strategy for use in ruminant and monogastric food animals. Proceedings of 25th Annual Western Nutrition Conference. 25:205-215.
Inhibitory Activity of 2-Nitropropanol Against Select Foodborne Pathogens in Vitro - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jung, Y., Anderson, R.C., Callaway, T.R., Edrington, T.S., Genovese, K.J., Harvey, R.B., Poole, T.L., Nisbet, D.J. 2004. Inhibitory activity of 2-nitropropanol against select foodborne pathogens in vitro. Letters in Applied Microbiology. 39:471-476.
Utilization of the Nitrate Reductase Enzymatic Pathway to Reduce Enteric Pathogens in Chickens - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
McReynolds, J.L., Byrd II, J.A., Moore, R.W., Anderson, R.C., Poole, T.L., Edrington, T.S., Kubena, L.F., Nisbet, D.J. 2004. Utilization of the nitrate reductase enzymatic pathway to reduce enteric pathogens in chickens. Poultry Science. 83:1857-1860.
Probiotics, Vaccines and Other Interventions for Pathogen Control in Animals - (Book / Chapter)
Callaway, T.R., Anderson, R.C., Edrington, T.S., Genovese, K.J., Poole, T.L., Harvey, R.B., Nisbet, D.J., Dunkley, K.S. 2005. Probiotics, vaccines and other interventions for pathogen control in animals. In: Sofos, J.N., editor. Improving the Safety of Fresh Meat. Cambridge, England: Woodhead Publishing Limited. p. 192-213.
Colicins Inhibit Growth of Escherichia Coli O157:h7 But Not Salmonella in Vitro - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Callaway, T.R., Stahi, C.H., Edrington, T.S., Genovese, K.J., Lincoln, L.M., Anderson, R.C., Lonergan, S.M., Poole, T.L., Harvey, R.B., Nisbet, D.J. 2004. Colicin concentrations inhibit growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in vitro. Journal of Food Protection. 67:2603-2607.
Macrolide Inactivation Gene Cluster Mpha-Mrx-Mphr Present in Aeromonas Hydrophila Isolated from a Diarrheic Pig in Oklahoma - (Abstract Only)
Poole, T.L., Bischoff, K.M., Callaway, T.R., Genovese, K.J., Nisbet, D.J. 2004. Macrolide inactivation gene cluster mpha-mrx-mphr present in aeromonas hydrophila isolated from a diarrheic pig in Oklahoma [abstract]. National Foundation for Infectious Disease.
Characterization of Antimicrobial Resistance among Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Isolates Recovered from Companion Animals, 1994-2003 - (Abstract Only)
Beier, R.C., White, D.G., McDermott, P.F., Foley, S.L., Zhao, S., Hume, M.E., Poole, T.L., Nisbet, D.J., Walker, R.D. 2004. Characterization of antimicrobial resistance among Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates recovered from companion animals, 1994-2003 [abstract]. 2004 Conference on Antimicrobial Resistance. p. 40.
Pre-Harvest Supplementation Strategies to Reduce Carriage and Shedding of Food-Borne Pathogens - (Review Article)
Callaway, T.R., Anderson, R.C., Edrington, T.S., Genovese, K.J., Harvey, R.B., Poole, T.L., Nisbet, D.J. 2005. Pre-harvest supplementation strategies to reduce carriage and shedding of food-borne pathogens. Animal Health Research Reviews. 5:35-47.
Utilization of An Experimental Chlorate Product in Reduction of Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens - (Abstract Only)
McReynolds, J.L., Byrd II, J.A., Anderson, R.C., Edrington, T.S., Poole, T.L., Moore, R.W., Kubena, L.F., Nisbet, D.J. 2004. Utilization of an experimental chlorate product in reduction of necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens [abstract]. Poultry Science. 83(Suppl. 1):103.
Acquisition and Persistence of a Tylosin Resistance Veillonella Sp. Without Selection Pressure - (Abstract Only)
Poole, T., McReynolds, J., Callaway, T., Nisbet, D. 2004. Acquisition and persistence of a high level macrolide resistant Veillonella sp. without selection pressure [abstract]. Journal of Animal Science. 82(Suppl. 1):166.
Competitive Exclusion of a Glycopeptide Resistant Enterococcus Faecium Gre in the Presence of Vancomycin, But Not Equivalent Concentrations of Tylosin Or Gentamicin - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Poole, T.L., Genovese, K.J., Callaway, T.R., Bischoff, K.M., Donskey, C.J., Nisbet, D.J. 2004. Competitive exclusion of a glycopeptide resistant Enterococcus faecium GRE in the presence of vancomycin, but not equivalent concentrations of tylosin or gentamicin. Poultry Science. 83:1099-1105.
Effects of Sodium Chlorate on Toxin Production by Escherichia Coli O157:h7 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Callaway, T.R., Anderson, R.C., Edrington, T.S., Bischoff, K.M., Genovese, K.J., Poole, T.L., Harvey, R.B., Byrd II, J.A., Nisbet, D.J. 2004. Effects of sodium chlorate on toxin production by Escherichia coli O157:H7. Current Issues in Intestinal Microbiology. 5:19-22.
Effects of Sodium Chlorate on Antibiotic Resistance in Escherichia Coli O157:h7 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Callaway, T.R., Anderson, R.C., Edrington, T.S., Bischoff, K.M., Genovese, K.J., Poole, T.L., Byrd II, J.A., Harvey, R.B., Nisbet, D.J. 2004. Effects of sodium chlorate on antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli O157:H7. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 1:59-63.
What Are We Doing About E. Coli O157:h7 and Other Food Borne Pathogens in Cattle? - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Callaway, T.R., Anderson, R.C., Edrington, T.S., Genovese, K.J., Bischoff, K.M., Poole, T.L., Jung, Y., Harvey, R.B., Nisbet, D.J. 2004. What are we doing about E. coli O157:H7 and other food borne pathogens in cattle? Journal of Animal Science. 82(Suppl. E):E93-E99. Available: http://www.asas.org/symposia/04esupp/E93.htm.
Antimicrobial Resistance and the Microflora of the Gastrointestinal Tract - (Book / Chapter)
Poole, T.L., Genovese, K.J., Beier, R.C., Callaway, T.R., Bischoff, K.M. 2004. Antimicrobial resistance and the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. In: Beier, R.C., Suresh, D.P., Phillips, T.D., Ziprin, R.L., editors. Preharvest and Postharvest Food Safety: Contemporary Issues and Future Directions. Ames, IA: Blackwell Publishing Professional. p. 213-225.
Microbial Ecological Principles Underlying Pre-Harvest Intervention Strategies - (Book / Chapter)
Callaway, T.R., Anderson, R.C., Edrington, T.S., Bischoff, K.M., Genovese, K.J., Poole, T.L., Nisbet, D.J. 2004. Microbial ecological principles underlying preharvest intervention strategies. In: Beier, R.C., Pillai, S.D., Phillips, T.D., Ziprin, R.L., editors. Preharvest and Postharvest Food Safety: Contemporary Issues and Future Directions. Ames, IA: Blackwell Publishing Professional. p. 129-139.
Inhibition of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus by in Vitro Continuous-Flow Cultures of Human Stool Microflora with and Without Anaerobic Gas Supplementation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hume, M.E., Poole, T.L., Pultz, N.J., Hanrahan, J.A., Donskey, C.J. 2004. Inhibition of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus by continuous-flow cultures of human stool microflora with and without anaerobic gas supplementation. Current Microbiology. 48:364-367.
Effect of Subtherapeutic Concentrations of Antibiotics on the Inhibitory Stringency of a Mixed Anaerobe Continuous-Flow Culture of Chicken Microflora Against Glycopeptide Resistant Enterococcus Faecium - (Abstract Only) - (24-Jun-03)
Effect of Drinking Water Administration of Experimental Chlorate Ion Preparations on Salmonella Enterica Serovar Typhimurium Colonization in Weaned and Finished Pigs - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Anderson, R.C., Hume, M.E., Genovese, K.J., Callaway, T.R., Jung, Y., Edrington, T.S., Poole, T.L., Harvey, R.B., Bischoff, K.M., Nisbet, D.J. 2004. Effect of drinking water administration of experimental chlorate ion preparations on Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium colonization in weaner and finished pigs. Veterinary Research Communications. 28:179-189.
Antimicrobial Resistance in Food Animals - (Book / Chapter)
Bischoff, K.M., Poole, T.L., Beier, R.C. 2004. Antimicrobial resistance in food animals. In: Beier, R.C., Pillai, S.D., Phillips, T.D., Ziprin, R.L., editors. Preharvest and Postharvest Food Safety: Contemporary Issues and Future Directions. Ames, IA: Blackwell Publishing Professional. p. 201-211.
Disinfectants (Biocides) Used in Animal Production: Antimicrobial Resistance Considerations - (Book / Chapter)
Beier, R.C., Bischoff, K.M., Poole, T.L. 2004. Disinfectants (biocides) used in animal production: Antimicrobial resistance considerations. In: Beier, R.C., Pillai, S.D., Phillips, T.D., Ziprin, R.L., editors. Preharvest and Postharvest Food Safety: Contemporary Issues and Future Directions. Ames, IA: Blackwell Publishing Professional. p. 227-238.
Ionophores: Their Use As Ruminant Growth Promotants and Impact on Food Safety - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
CALLAWAY, T.R., EDRINGTON, T.S., RYCHLIK, J.L., GENOVESE, K.J., POOLE, T.L., JUNG, Y., BISCHOFF, K.M., ANDERSON, R.C., NISBET, D.J. IONOPHORES: THEIR USE AS RUMINANT GROWTH PROMOTANTS AND IMPACT ON FOOD SAFETY. CURRENT ISSUES IN INTESTINAL MICROBIOLOGY. 2003. V. 4. P. 43-51.
Experimental Chlorate Product Treatment to Reduce Food Borne Pathogenic Bacteria in Ruminant and Monogastric Food Animals - (Abstract Only)
CALLAWAY, T.R., ANDERSON, R.C., EDRINGTON, T.S., JUNG, Y., GENOVESE, K.J., BISCHOFF, K.M., POOLE, T.L., ELDER, R.O., HARVEY, R.B., NISBET, D.J. EXPERIMENTAL CHLORATE PRODUCT TREATMENT TO REDUCE FOOD BORNE PATHOGENIC BACTERIA IN RUMINANT AND MONOGASTRIC FOOD ANIMALS. CONFERENCE ON GASTROINTESTINAL FUNCTION.
Competitive Exclusion of Salmonella from the Gut of Neonatal and Weaned Pigs - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
GENOVESE, K.J., ANDERSON, R.C., HARVEY, R.B., CALLAWAY, T.R., POOLE, T.L., EDRINGTON, T.S., CRAY, P.J., NISBET, D.J. COMPETITIVE EXCLUSION OF SALMONELLA FROM THE GUT OF NEONATAL AND WEANED PIGS. JOURNAL OF FOOD PROTECTION. 2003. V. 66(8). P. 1353-1359.
Effect of Tylosin on the Inhibitory Stringency of a Mixed Anaerobe Culture Against E. Coli 0157:h7 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Poole, T.L., Genovese, K.J., Knape, K.D., Callaway, T.R., Bischoff, K.M., Nisbet, D.J. 2003. Effect of subtherapeutic concentrations of tylosin on the inhibitory stringency of a mixed anaerobe continuous-flow culture of chicken microflora against Escherichia coli O157:H7. Journal of Applied Microbiology. 94:73-79.
Preslaughter Intervention Strategies to Reduce Food-Borne Pathogens in Food Animals - (Proceedings)
CALLAWAY, T.R., ANDERSON, R.C., EDRINGTON, T.S., ELDER, R.O., GENOVESE, K.J., BISCHOFF, K.M., POOLE, T.L., JUNG, Y., HARVEY, R.B., NISBET, D.J. PRESLAUGHTER INTERVENTION STRATEGIES TO REDUCE FOOD-BORNE PATHOGENS IN FOOD ANIMALS. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE. 81 (E. Suppl. 2):E17-E23. 2003.
Escherichia Coli 0157:h7 Populations in Sheep Can Be Reduced by Chlorate Supplementation - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (18-Aug-02)
Preharvest Intervention Strategies to Reduce Food Borne Pathogens in Food Animal - (Abstract Only) - (22-Jul-02)
Modeling the Effects of Sub-Therapeutic Antimicrobials on Enteric Bacteria Maintained in Continuous-Flow Chemostats - (Abstract Only) - (27-Jun-02)
Evaluation of Resistance to Quaternary Amine Disinfectants and Their Components among Pathogenic Swine E. Coli Isolates - (Abstract Only) - (27-Jun-02)
Paradoxical Effect Demonstrated by Benzyl Quaternary Amine Disinfectant Components During Susceptibility Testing of Escherichia Coli Isolates - (Abstract Only) - (27-Jun-02)
How Can We Prevent Food Borne Pathogens from Entering the Abbatoir? - (Proceedings) - (11-Jun-02)
Effects of Sodium Chlorate on E. Coli O157:h7 Populations in Ruminants - (Proceedings) - (11-Jun-02)
Sodium Chlorate Supplementation Reduces E. Coli 0157:h7 Populations in Cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (19-Dec-01)
Clearance of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus Faecium Isolates from An Anaerobic Continuous-Flow Culture of Chicken Microflora in the Presence Andabsence of Subtherapeutic Concentrations of Vancomycin - (Abstract Only) - (03-Oct-01)
The Chloramphenicol Resistance Gene Cmia Is Present on Large Plasmids That Confer Multiple Drug Resistance in Escherichia Coli Isolated from Diarrheicswine - (Abstract Only) - (22-Sep-01)
Inhibition of a Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus Faecium by An Anaerobic Continuous-Flow Culture of Chicken Microflora - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Poole, T.L., Genovese, K.J., Anderson, T.J., Bischoff, K.M., Callaway, T.R., Nisbet, D.J. 2001. Inhibition of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcus by an anaerobic continuous-flow culture of chicken microflora. Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease. 13:246-253.
Quantitative Estimation of Acquisition of Chlorate Resistance in Salmonella;implications for the Use of Chlorate As a Preharvest Pathogen Reduction Supplement - (Abstract Only) - (17-Sep-01)
Persistance of a Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus Faecium in An Anaerobic Continuous-Flow Culture of Porcine Microflora in the Presence of Subtherapeutic Concentrations of Vancomycin - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
POOLE, T.L., HUME, M.E., GENOVESE, K.J., ANDERSON, T.J., SHEFFIELD, C.L., BISCHOFF, K.M., NISBET, D.J. PERSISTANCE OF A VANCOMYCIN-RESISTANT ENTEROCOCCUS FAECIUM IN AN ANAEROBIC CONTINUOUS-FLOW CULTURE OF PORCINE MICROFLORA IN THE PRESENCE OF SUBTHERAPEUTIC CONCENTRATIONS OF VANCOMYCIN. Microbial Drug Resistance. 2001.
Effect of Administering Sodium Chlorate in Drinking Water on Salmonella Typhimurium Concentrations in Weaned and Finished Pigs - (Abstract Only) - (14-Aug-01)
Effect of a Subtherapeutic Level of Virginiamycin on the Clearance of E.COLI 0157:h7 from An Anaerobic Continuous-Flow Culture of Chicken Microflora - (Abstract Only) - (25-Jul-01)
Escherichia Coli 0157:h7 Becomes Resistant to Sodium Chlorate in Pure, But Not Mixed Culture Or in Vivo - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (14-Mar-01)
Genotypic Variation among Arcobacter Isolates from a Farrow-to-Finish Swinefacility - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (30-Dec-00)
Changes in the Microbial Ecology of a Mixed Anaerobic Bacterial Culture Challenged with Vancomycin - (Abstract Only) - (21-Sep-99)
Last Modified: 10/30/2014
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