Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Ulrich R. Bernier (Uli)

Research Chemist

Dr. Ulrich Bernier

Ulrich R. Bernier

Research Chemist

Telephone: (352)374-5917
Fax: (352)374-5922
Email: uli.bernier@ars.usda.gov
http://www.ars.usda.gov/saa/cmave/mfru/ubernier




CV Links
Research Specialties | Biographical Sketch | Education | Research Experience
Significant Research Findings | Affiliations | Patents | Publications
Invited Presentations | Presentations | Funding

Research Specialties

Chemical Ecology and Analytical Chemistry (Mass Spectrometry).
Identification and evaluation of compounds that influence the host-seeking behavior of arthropods.

Biographical Sketch

Dr. Bernier has studied host odors, skin chemistry, and insect host-seeking and interruption of the host-seeking process for 22 years. He has studied repellents and repellent assays for the past 14 years. Dr. Bernier is credited with 123 publications and proceedings, including 5 patents, 2 patent publications and 79 refereed papers. He has given 106 presentations (74 invited). Dr. Bernier's expertise is sought out by federal agencies, industry, scientific and media sources nationally and internationally regarding mosquito attractants, repellents, repellent-treated clothing, and human and other animal skin chemistry. His discovery of new repellents and development of repellent test methods led to his invitation to co-author the first World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for testing skin repellents. Dr. Bernier received an ARS 2008 Superior Effort in Technology Transfer Award for his development of a unique "bite protection" methodology to evaluate the level at which permethrin-treated U.S. Marine Corps combat uniforms reduce arthropod-borne disease risk for deployed United States military personnel. He is the sole authority for bite protection validation of factory-produced, repellent-treated uniforms for the U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Army, and is relied upon to provide advice on uniform repellent treatments for all four major U.S. branches of the military. Dr. Bernier's research on attractants, attraction-inhibitors and repellents has been featured on news shows and scientific programs, including Good Morning America, Today Show, Discovery Channel, National Geographic, and the British documentary "Mega Bugs," and in news stories in respected journals such as Science (July 7, 2006, vol. 313, pp. 36-38, and October 4, 2002, vol. 298, pp. 90-92). His work on military uniforms was described in Nature (July 2, 2008, vol. 454, pp. 18-19).

Education

B.S.
Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, 1987.
M.S.
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 1992.
Ph.D.
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 1995.

Research Experience

1992 - 1995
Research Assistant, University of Florida, Gainesville
1955 - 2000
Research Associate, USDA-ARS, CMAVE, Gainesville, FL
2000 - Pres
Research Chemist, USDA-ARS, CMAVE, Gainesville, FL
2006 - Pres
Courtesy Assistant Professor, Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL

Significant Research Findings

  • Identified over 300 compounds using cryo-focused GC/MS and 200 compounds by microscale purge & trap GC/MS from human skin emanations. Target compounds found in greater amounts on a more attractive human host were identified as potential host attractants for mosquitoes.
  • Discovered blends, based on human skin emanations that produce high level attraction of female Aedes aegypti and Anopheles albimanus mosquitoes without requiring supplementation of carbon dioxide. In laboratory tests, demonstrated that many of these blends attract and trap these species more efficiently than the human body can, and that in direct competition with human odors, the blends can attract more mosquitoes than some human hosts.
  • Discovered attractant-inhibitors that mask the presence of kairomones used by mosquitoes to locate human hosts. Demonstrated anosmia in mosquitoes in laboratory bioassays by dispersing a small amount of these inhibitors in conjunction of human odors. Demonstrated that slow release devices with these compounds provides a novel personal protection to tool to prevent host-finding by anthropophilic mosquitoes.
  • Developed the biting protection assay used by the United States Marine Corps and United States Army to evaluate their combat uniforms. Conducts bite protection efficacy testing for qualification of new repellent-treated combat uniforms worn by the US Marine Corps, Army, Air Force, and Navy.

Affiliations

  • American Association of Textile Colorists and Chemists
  • American Chemical Society
  • American Mosquito Control Association
  • American Society for Mass Spectrometry
  • Entomological Society of America
  • European Mosquito Control Association
  • Florida Mosquito Control Association
  • Society for Vector Ecology
  • Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Patents

  • US 13/784,937 Meepagala, K., and Bernier, U.R. Natural Product Based Chromene Analogs As Mosquito Repellents.
  • US 8,822,533 B1 Chauhan, K.R., and Bernier, U.R. "Methods and Compositions for Repelling and Killing Insects." September, 2, 2014. [85-2014]
  • US 8,207,157 B2 Bernier, U.R., Chauhan, K.R., Posey, K.H., Kline, D.L., and Barnard, D.R. "Methods and Compositions for Repelling Arthropods" June 26, 2012. [62-2012]
  • US 8,053,064 B2 Quinn, B.P., Carlson, D.A., Geden, C.J.,, Bernier, U.R., Booth, M.M., and Hogsette, J.A. "Chemical Composition to Attract House Flies" November 8,2011. [59-2011].
  • US 7,771,713 B2 Bernier, U.R., Barnard, D.R., Booth, M.M., Kline, D.L., Posey, K.H., and Yost, R.A. "Chemical Composition that Attract Arthropods" August 10, 2010. [50-2010]
  • US 6,800,279 B2 Bernier, U.R., Barnard, D.R., Booth, M.M., Kline, D.L., Posey, K.H., and Yost, R.A. "Chemical Composition that Attract Arthropods" October 5, 2004. [22-2004]
  • US 6,267,953 B1 Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L., Barnard, D.R., Posey, K.H., Booth, M.M., and Yost, R.A. "Chemical Composition that Attract Arthropods" July 31, 2001. [17-2001]

Publications

Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L., Allan, S.A., and Barnard, D.R. Laboratory Studies of Aedes aegypti (L.) Attraction to Ketones, Sulfides and Primary Chloroalkanes Tested Alone and in Combination with L-Lactic Acid. J. Am. Mosq. Control. Assoc., Submitted 19 Sep 14.

Lawrence, K.L., Achee, N.L., Bernier, U.R., Mundal, K.D., and Benante, J.P., Field Evaluations of Topical Arthropod Repellents in North, Central and South America. J. Med Entomol., 2014, accepted 9 July 2014.

Fawaz, E.Y., Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., Obenauer, P.J., DiClaro II, J.W., Swarming Mechanisms in the Yellow Fever Mosquito: Aggregration Pheromones are Involved in the Mating Behavior of Aedes aegypti. J. Vector Ecol., 2014, 39:xxx-xxx.[87-2014]

Chauhan, K.R., and Bernier, U.R. Chapter 4: In Silico Models for Development of Insect Repellents, In Insect Repellents Handbook,Debboun, M., Frances, S., Strickman, D., Eds., 2014, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. [86-2014]

Tabanca, N., Gao, Z., Demirci, B., Techen, N., Wedge, D.E., Ali, A., Sampson, B.J., Werle, C., Bernier, U.R., Khan, I.A., and Baser, K.H.C. Molecular and Phytochemical Investigation of Angelica dahurica and Angelica pubescentis Essential Oils and Their Biological Activity against Aedes aegypti, Stephanitis pyrioides, and Colletotrichum Species. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2014, accepted August 18, 2014. [85-2014]

Barnard, D.R., Dickerson, C.Z., Murugan, K., Xue, R-.D., Kline, D.L., and Barnard, D.R., Measurement of Landing Mosquito Density on Humans. Acta Tropica, 2014, 136:58-67. [84-2014]

Al-Rehaily, A.J., Alqasoumi, S.I., Yusufoglu, H.S., Al-Yahya, M.A., Demirci, B., Tabanca, N., Wedge, D.E., Demirci, F., Bernier, U.R., Becnel, J.J., Temel, H.E., and Baser, K.H.C., Chemical Composition and Biological Activity of Haplophyllum tuberculatum Juss. Essential Oil, J. Essent. Oil Bear. Pl., 2014, 17: 452-459. [83-2014]

Ali, A., Demirci, B., Kiyanh, H.T., Bernier, U.R., Tsikolia, M., Wedge, D.E, Khan, I.A., Baser, K.H.C., and Tabanca, N., Biting Deterrence, Repellency, and Larvicidal Activity of Ruta chalepensis (Sapndiales: Rutaceae) Essential Oil and Its Major Individual Constituents Against Mosquitoes, J. Med. Entomol., 2013, 50:1267-1274. [82-2013]

Meepagala, K.M., Bernier, U.R., Burandt, C., and Duke, S.O., Mosquito Repellents Based on a Natural Chromene Analogue with Longer Duration of Action than N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2013, 61:9293-9297. [81-2013]

Achee, N.L., Grieco, J.P., Bernier, U.R., and Moore, S., Guidelines for Efficacy Testing of Spatial Repellents, World Health Organization Pesticide Evaluation Scheme, 48pp. 2013. [80-2013]

Tabanca, N., Bernier, U.R., Ali, A., Wang, M., Demirci, B., Blythe, E.K., Khan, S.I, Baser, K.H.C., and Khan, I.A. Bioassay-Guided Investigation of two Monarda Essential Oils for Repellent Activity Against Yellow Fever Mosquito Aedes aegypti, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2013, 61:8573-8580. [79-2013]

Oliferenko, P.V., Oliferenko, A.A., Poda, G.I., Osolodkin, D.I., Pillai, G.G., Bernier, U.R., Tsikolia, M., Agramonte, N.M., Clark, G.G., Linthicum, K.J., and Katritzky, A.R. Promising Aedes aegypti Repellent Chemotypes Identified through Integrated QSAR, Virtual Screening, Synthesis, and Bioassay. PLOS ONE, 2013, 8(9) [78-2013]

Demirci, B., Tsikolia, M., Bernier, U.R., Agramonte, N.M., Alqasoumi, S.I., Al-Yahya, M.A., Al-Rehaily, A.J., Yusufoglu, H.S., Demirci, F., , Ba?er, K.H.C. Khan, I.A., and Tabanca, N. Phoenix dactlyifera L. Spathe Essential Oil: Chemical Composition and Repellent Activity Against the Yellow Fever Mosquito, Aedes aegypti. Acta Tropica, 2013, 128:557-560. [77-2013]

Zayed, A.B.B., Hoel, D.F., El-Wafa, R.A., Fawaz, E.Y., Furman, B.D., Hogsette, J.A., and Bernier, U.R. Efficacy and Duration of Three Residual Insecticides on Cotton Duck and Vinyl Tent Surfaces for Control of the Sand Fly Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae). US Army Med Dep J, 2013, April-June: 66-72. [76-2013]

Revay, E.E., Kline, D.L., Xue, R.-D., Qualls, W.A., Bernier, U.R., Kravchenko, V.D., Gattas, N., and Müller, G.C. Reduction of Mosquito-Biting Pressure: Spatial Repellents of Mosquito Traps? A Field Comparison of Seven Commercially Available Products in Israel, Acta Tropica, 2013, 127:63-68. [75-2013]

Revay, E.E., Junnila, A., Xue, R.-D., Kline, D.L., Bernier, U.R., Kravchenko, V.D., Qualls, W.A., Gattas, N., and Müller, G.C. Evaluation of Commercial Products for Personal Protection from Mosquitoes, Acta Tropica, 2013, 125:226-230. [74-2013]

Tabanca, N., Ali, A., Bernier, U.R., Khan, I.A., Kocyigit-Kaymakcioglu, B., Oruç-Emre, E.E., Unsalan, S., and Rollas, S. Biting Deterrence and Insecticidal Activity of Hydrazide-Hydrazones and Their Corresponding 3-acetyl-2,5-disubstituted-2,3-dihyro-1,3,4-oxadiazoles against Aedes aegypti. Pest Management Sci., 2013, 69:703-708. [73-2013]

Tsikolia, M., Bernier, U.R., Coy, M.R., Chalaire, K.C., Becnel, J.J., Agramonte, N.M., Tabanca, N., Wedge, D.E., Clark, G.G., Linthicum, K.J., Swale, D.R., and Bloomquist, J.R. Insecticidal and Fungicidal Properties of Novel Trifluoromethylphenyl Amides. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 2013, 107:138-147. [72-2013]

Sakhanokho, H.F., Sampson, B.J., Tabanca, N., Wedge, D.E., Demirci, B. Baser, K.H.C., Bernier, U.R.,, Tsikolia, M., Agramonte, N.M., Becnel, J.J., Chen, J., Rajasekaran, K., and Spiers, J.M. Chemical Composition, Antifungal and Insecticidal Activities of Hedychium Essential Oils, Molecules, 2013, 18:4308-4327. [71-2013]

Dossey, A.T., Whitaker, J.M., Gottardo, M., Dancel, M.C., Roush, W.R., Bernier, U.R., and vander Meer, R.K. Defensive Spiroketals from Asceles glaber (Phasmatodea): Absolute Configuration and Effects on Ants and Mosquitoes, J. Chem. Ecol., 2012, in press.

Obermayr, U., Ruther, J., Bernier, U., Rose, A., and Geier, M. Laboratory Evaluation Techniques to Investigate the Spatial Potential of Repellents for Push & Pull Mosquito Control Systems, J Med, Entomol., 2012, 49: 1387-1397. [69-2012].

Ali, A., Cantrell, C.L., Bernier, U.R., Duke, S.O., Schneider, J.C., and Khan, I. Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) Biting Deterrence: Structure-Activity Relationship of Saturated and Unsaturated Fatty Acids. J. Med. Entomol., 2012, 49: 1370-1378. [68-2012].

Cilek, J.E., Ikediobi, C.O.,Hallmon, C.F.,Johnson, R., Okungbowa, O., Onyeozili, E.N., Khalil, L.M., Ayuk-Takem, L., Latinwo, L.M., and Bernier, U.R. Evaluation of Several Novel Aklynols, Alkenols, and Selected HostOdor Blends as Attractants to Female Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus, J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc., 2012, 28:199-205.

Revay, E.E., Junnila, A., Kline, D.L., Bernier, U.R., Kravchenko, V.D., Yefremova, Z.A., Müller, G.C. Reduction of Mosquito Biting Pressure by Timed-Release 0.3% Aerosolized Geraniol, Acta Tropica, 2012, 124:102-105. [66-2012].

Rosa, L.H., Tabanca,N.,Techen, N, Wedge, D.E., Pan, Z., Bernier, U.R., Becnel, J.J., Agramonte, N.M., Walker, L.A., and Moraes, R.M. Fungal Diversity Associated with Micropropogated Medicianl Plant of Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench, Amer. J. Plant Sci., 2012, 3: 1105-1164. [65-2012]

Oh, J., Bowling, J.J., Carroll, J.F., Demirci, B., Baser, K.H.C., Leininger, T.D., Bernier, U.R., and Hamann, M.T., Natural Product Studies of U.S. Endangered Plants: Volatile Components of Lindera melissifolia (Lauraceae) Repel Mosquitoes and Ticks, Phytochemistry, 2012, 80:28-36. [64-2012]

Kline, D.L., Bernier, U.R., and Hogsette, J.A. Efficacy of Three Attractant Blends Tested in Combination with Carbon Dioxide Against Natural Populations of Mosquitoes and Biting Flies at the Lower Suwannee Wildlife Refuge, J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc., 2012, 28:123-127. [63-2012]

Bernier, U.R., and Tsikolia, M., Chapter 2: Development of Novel Repellents using Structure-Activity Modeling of Compounds in the USDA Archival Database. In Recent Developments in Invertebrate and Vertebrate Repellents, Coats, J., Paluch, G., Eds., 2011, ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, D.C. [61-2011]

Carroll, J.F., Tabanca, N., Kramer, M.H., Elejalde, N.M., Wedge, D.E., Bernier, U.R., Coy, M.R., Becnel, J.J., Demirci, B., Can Baser, K.H., Zhang, J., and Zhang, S., Activity of Cupresus funebris, Juniperis communis, and J. chinensis (Cupressaceae) Essential Oils as Repellents Against Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and as Repellents and Toxicants Against Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae), J. Vector Ecol., 2011, 36:258-268. [60-2011]

Cilek, J.E., Ikediobi, C.O.,Hallmon, C.F.,Johnson, R., Onyeozili, E.N., Farah, S.M., Mazu, T., Latinwo, L.M., Ayuk-Takem, L., and Bernier, U.R. Semi-field evaluation of several novel alkenol analogs of 1-octen-3-ol as attractants to adult Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus, J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc., 2011, 27:256-262. [58-2011]

Barnard, D.R., Knue, G.J., Dickerson, C.Z., Bernier, U.R., and Kline, D.L., Comparative Rates of Capture of Adult Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) Using the Light Trap and Human Landing Collection Methods: An Experimental Study, Bull. Entomol. Res. 2011, 101:277-285. [57-2011].

Clark, G.G., Bernier, U.R., Allan, S.A., Kline, D.L., and Golden, F.V., Changes in Host-Seeking Behavior of Puerto Rican Aedes aegypti (L.) following colonization, J. Med. Entomol., 2011, 48:533-537. [56-2011].

Weldon, P.J., Carroll, J.F., Kramer, M.H., Bedoukian, R.H., Coleman, R.E., and Bernier, U.R., Anointing Chemicals and Ectoparasites: Responses by Ticks and Mosquitoes to Citrus (Rutaceae) Peel Exudates and Monoterpene Constituents, J. Chem. Ecol., 2011, 37:348-359. [55-2011].

Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L., Laboratory Evaluation of Human-Associated Odors on Attraction of Culex spp. (Diptera: Culicidae), J. Vector Ecol., 2010, 35:318-324. [54-2010]

Hoel, D.F., Kline, D.L., Hogsette, J.A., Bernier, U.R., El-Hossary, S.S., Hanafi, H.A., Watany, N., Fawaz, E.Y., Furman, B.D., Obenauer, P.J., and Szumlas, D.E., Efficacy of Commercial Mosquito Traps in Capturing Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Egypt, J. Med. Entomol., 2010, 47:1179-1184. [53-2010]

Katritzky, A.R., Wang, Z., Slavov, S., Dobchev, D.A., Hall, C.D., Tsikolia, M., Bernier, U.R., Elejalde, N.M., Clark, G.G., and Linthicum, K.J., Novel Carboxamides as Potential Mosquito Repellents, J. Med. Entomol., 2010, 47:924-938. [52-2010]

Tabanca, N., Bernier, U.R., Tsikolia, M., Becnel, J.J., Sampson, B., Werle, C., Demirci, B., Hüsnü Can Baser, K., Blythe, E.K., Pounders, C., and Wedge, D.E. Eupatorium capillifolium Essential Oil: Chemical Composition, Antifungal Activity, and Insecticidal Activity, Nat. Prod. Commun., 2010, 5:1409-1415. [51-2010]

Britch, S.C., Linthicum, K.J., Wynn, W.W., Walker, T.W., Farooq, M., Smith, V.L., Robinson, C.A., Lothrop, B.B., Snelling, M., Gutierrez, A., Lothrop, H.D., Kerce, J.D., Becnel, J.J., Bernier, U.R., and Pridgeon, J.W., Evaluation of ULV and thermal fog mosquito control applications in temperate and desert environments, J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc., 2010, 26(2):183-197. [49-2010]

Hoel, D., Pridgeon, J.W., Bernier, U.R., Chauhan, K., Meepagala, K., and Cantrell, C., Deparments of Defense and Agriculture Team Up to Develop New Insecticides for Mosquito Control, Wingbeats, 2010, 21(1):29-34. [48-2010]

Pridgeon, J.W., Becnel, J.J., Bernier, U.R., Clark, G.C., and Linthicum, K.J. Structure-Activity Relationships of 33 Carboxamides as Toxicants Against Female Adults of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Med. Entomol., 2010, 47(2):172-178. [47-2010]

Barnard, D.R., Bernier, U.R., Clark, G.G., Nathan, M., and Zaim, M., Guidelines for Efficacy Testing of Mosquito Repellents for Human Skin, World Health Organization Pesticide Evaluation Scheme, 30pp. 2009. [46-2009]

Hoffmann, W.C., Farooq, M., Walker, T.W., Fritz, B., Szumlas, D., Quinn, B., Bernier, U., Hogsette, J., Lan, Y., and Huang, Y., Canopy Penetration and Deposition of Barrier Sprays from Electrostatic and Conventional Sprayers, J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc., 2009, 25(3):323-331. [45-2009]

Pridgeon, J.W., Bernier, U.R., and Becnel, J.J., Toxicities of Eight Repellents against Females of Four Mosquito Species (Diptera: Culicidae), J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc., 2009, 25:168-173. [44-2009]

Bernier, U.R., Hoel, D.F., Hogsette, Jr., J.A. Hanafi, H.A., and Kline, D.L., Effect of Lures and Trap Placement on Sand Fly and Mosquito Traps, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Urban Pests, Budapest, Hungary, 2008, 171-175. [43-2008]

Hogsette, J.A., Hanafi, H.A., Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L., Fawaz, E.Y., Furman, B.D., and Hoel, D.F., Discovery of Diurnal Resting Sites of Phlebotomine Sand Flies in a Village in Southern Egypt, J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc., 2008, 24:601-603. [42-2008]

Amoo, A.O.J., Xue, R.-D., Qualls, W.A., Quinn, B.P., Bernier, U.R., Residual Efficacy of Field Applied Permethrin, Sumithrin, and Resmethrin on Plant Foliage Against Adult Mosquitoes, J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc., 2008, 24:543-549. [41-2008]

Katritzky, A.R., Wang, Z., Slavov, S., Tsikolia, M., Dobchev, D., Akhmedov, N.G., Hall, C.D., Bernier, U.R., Clark, G.G., and Linthicum, K.J., Synthesis and Bioassay of Novel Mosquito Repellents Predicted from Chemical Structure, Proc. Nat. Acad Sci. (US), 2008, 105(21):7359-7364. [40-2008]

Bernier, U.R., Allan, S.A., Quinn, B.P., Kline, D.L., Barnard, D.R., and Clark, G.G., Volatile Compounds from the Integument of White Leghorn Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus L.): Candidate Attractants or Ornithophilic Mosquito Species, J. Sep. Sci., 2008, 31:1092-1099. [39-2008]

Kline, D.L., Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., Welch, C.H., Evaluation of the Enantiomers of 1-octen-3-ol and 1-octyn-3-ol as Attractants for Mosquitoes Associated with a Freshwater Swamp in Florida, USA, Med. Vet. Entomol., 2007, 21:323-331. [38-2007]

Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L, Allan, S.A., Barnard, D.R. Laboratory Comparison of Aedes aegypti (L.) Attraction to Human Odors and to Synthetic Human Odor Compounds and Blends, J. Am. Mosq. Control. Assoc., 2007, 23:288-293. [37-2007]

Quinn, B.P., Bernier, U.R., Booth, M.M., Extraction and Identification of Compounds from Etonia Rosemary (Conradina etonia), J. Chrom. A, 2007, 1160:306-310. [36-2007]

Quinn, B.P., Bernier, U.R., Geden, C.J., Hogsette Jr, J.A., and Carlson, D.A., Analysis of Extracted Components in Blackstrap Molasses as Candidate House Fly Attractants, J. Chrom. A, 2007, 1139:279-284. [35-2007]

Linthicum, K.L., Allan, S.A., Barnard, D.R., Becnel, J.J., Bernier, U.R., Carlson, D.A., Clark, G.G., Geden, C.J., Hogsette, J.A., and Kline, D.L., The USDA-Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology: Developing New Mosquito Surveillance and Control Products, Proc. and Papers Mosq. Vector Control Assoc. California, 2007, 74:83-86. [34-2007]

Barnard, D.R., Bernier, U.R., and Xue, R.D. Chapter 5: Standard Methods for Evaluating Insect Repellents, In Insect Repellents: Principles, Methods, and Use,Debboun, M., Frances, S., Strickman, D., Eds., 2007, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. [33-2007]

Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L., and Posey, K.H., Chapter 4: Human Emanations and Related Natural Compounds that Inhibit Mosquito Host-Finding Ability, In Insect Repellents: Principles, Methods, and Use, Debboun, M., Frances, S., Strickman, D., Eds., 2007, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. [32-2007]

Williams, C.R., Ritchie, S.A., Bergbauer, R., Russell, R.C., Kline, D.L., Bernier, U.R., and Geier, M. Laboratory and Field Assessment of Some Kairomone Blends for Host-Seeking Aedes aegypti. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc., 2006, 22:641-647. [31-2006]

Kline, D.L., Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., and Posey, K.H. Olfactometer and Large Cage Evaluation of a Solid Phase Technology for the Controlled Production of CO2, J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc., 2006, 22:378-381. [30-2006]

Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., and Kline, D.L. Attraction of Mosquitoes to Volatiles Associated with Blood, J. Vector Ecol., 2006, 31:71-78. [29-2006]

Bernier, U.R. Laboratory Research and Development of Attractants, Inhibitors and Repellents,Tech. Bull. Florida Mosq. Control Assoc., 2006, 7:9-16. [28-2006]

Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., and Kline, D.L. Laboratory Evaluation of Avian Odors for Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) Attraction, J. Med Entomol., 2006, 43:225-231. [27-2006]

Carlson, D.A., Mramba, F, Sutton, B.D., Bernier, U.R., Geden, C.J., and Mori, K. Sex Pheromone of the Tsetse Fly, Glossina austeni (Diptera: Glossinidae): Isolation, Identification of Natural Hydrocarbons and Bioassay of Synthesized Compounds, Med. Vet. Entomol., 2005, 19:470-479. [26-2005]

Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., and Kline, D.L. Evaluation of Oviposition Substrates and Organic Infusions on Collection of Culex in Florida, J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc., 2005, 21: 268-273. [25-2005]

Silva, I.M., Eiras, A.E., Kline, D.L., and Bernier, U.R. Laboratory Evaluation of Mosquito Traps Baited with a Synthetic Human Odor Blend to Capture Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae), J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc., 2005, 21, 229-233. [24-2005]

Bernier, U.R., Furman, K.D., Kline, D.L., Allan, S.A., and Barnard, D.R. Comparison of Contact and Spatial Repellency of Catnip Oil (Nepetea) and N,N-Diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (Deet) Against Female Mosquitoes, J. Med. Entomol., 2005, 42, 301-306. [23-2005]

Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L., Posey, K.H., Booth, M.M., Yost, R.A., and Barnard, D.R., Synergistic Attraction of Aedes aegypti (L.) to Binary Blends of L-Lactic Acid and Acetone, Dichloromethane, or Dimethyl Disulfide, J. Med. Entomol., 2003, 40, 653-656. [21-2003]

Kline, D.L., Bernier, U.R., Barnard, D.R., and Posey, K.H., Olfactometric Evaluation of Spatial Repellents for Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae), J. Med. Entomol., 2003, 40, 463-467. [20-2003]

Barnard, D.R., Bernier, U.R., Posey, K.H., and Xue, R.-D., Repellency of IR3535, KRB3023, para-menthane-3,8-diol, and Deet to Black Salt Marsh Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Everglades National Park. J. Med. Entomol. 2002, 39: 895-899. [19-2002]

Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L., Barnard, D.R., Schreck, C.E., and Yost, R.A., Chemical Analysis of Human Skin Emanations: Comparison of Volatiles from Humans that Differ in Attraction of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae), J. Am. Mosquito Control Assoc., 2002, 18:3, 186-195. [18-2002]

Carlson, D.A., Bernier, U.R., Hogsette, J.A., and Sutton, B.D., Distinctive Hydrocarbons of the Black Dump Fly, Hydrotaea aenescens (Diptera: Muscidae), Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol., 2001, 48, 167-178. [16-2001]

Carlson, D.A., Sutton, B.D., and Bernier, U.R., Cuticular Hydrocarbons of G. austeni and G. pallidipes: Similarities Between Populations, Insect Sci. and Its Applic., 2000, 20, 281-294. [15-2000]Carlson, D.A., Sutton, B.D., and Bernier, U.R., Cuticular Hydrocarbons of G. austeni and G. pallidipes: Similarities Between Populations and Activities as Sex Pheromones, In Area-Wide Control of Fruit Flies and Other Insect Pests, K.H. Tan, Ed., Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, 2000, pp. 107-112. [14-2000]

Bernier, U.R., Bray, C.L., and Yost, R.A., Effect of Vacuum on the Performance of the Flame Ionization Detector used for Vacuum-Outlet Gas Chromatography, J. Microcolumn Sep., 2000, 12, 226-235. [13-2000]

Bernier, U.R., Yost, R.A., Kline, D.L, Barnard, D.R., and Schreck, C.E., Analysis of Human Skin Emanations by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry 2. Identification of Volatile Compounds that are Candidate Attractants for the Yellow Fever Mosquito (Aedes aegypti), Anal. Chem., 2000, 72, 747-756. [12-2000]

Carlson, D.A., Geden, C.J., and Bernier, U.R., Identification of Pupal Exuviae of Nasonia vitripennis and Muscidifurax raptorellus Parasitoids Using Cuticular Hydrocarbons, Biol. Control, 1999, 15, 97-106. [11-1999]

Bernier, U.R., Booth, M.M., and Yost, R.A., Analysis of Human Skin Emanations by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry 1. Thermal Desorption of Attractants for the Yellow Fever Mosquito (Aedes aegypti) from Handled Glass Beads, Anal. Chem., 1999, 71, 1-7. [10-1999]

Carlson, D.A., Bernier, U.R., and Sutton, B.D., Elution Patterns for Methyl Branched Alkanes by Capillary GC, J. Chem. Ecol., 1998, 24, 1845-1865. [9-1998]

Geden, C.J., Bernier, U.R., Carlson, D.A., and Sutton, B.D. Identification of Muscidifurax spp., Parasitoids of Muscoid Flies, by Composition Patterns of Cuticular Hydrocarbons, Biol. Control, 1998, 12, 200-207. [8-1998]

Bernier, U.R., Carlson, D.A., and Geden, C.J., Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry Analysis of the Cuticular Hydrocarbons from Parasitic Wasps of the Genus Muscidifurax, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 1998, 9, 320-332. [7-1998]

Carlson, D.A., Reinert, J.F., Bernier, U.R., Sutton, B.D., and Seawright, J.A., Analysis of the Cuticular Hydrocarbons Among Species of the Anopheles quadrimaculatus Complex (Diptera: Culicidae), Supplement to J. Am. Mosq. Control. Assoc., 1997, 13, 103-111. [6-1997]

Bernier, U.R., Mass Spectrometric Investigations of Mosquito Attraction to Human Skin Emanations, Ph.D. Dissertation, 333pp., 1995, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. [5-1995]

Yinon, J., Johnson, J.V., Bernier, U.R., Yost, R.A., Mayfield, H.T., Mahone, W.C., and Vorbeck, C., Reactions in the Mass Spectrometry of a Hydride Meisenheimer Complex of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT), J. Mass Spectrom., 1995, 30, 715-722. [4-1995]

Williams, K.R., and Bernier, U.R., The Determination of Number-Average Molecular Weight: A Polymer Experiment for Lower-Division Chemistry Students, J. Chem. Ed., 1994, 71, 265-268. [3-1994]

Bernier, U.R., and Yost, R.A., Vacuum Operation of the Flame Ionization Detector for Gas Chromatography, J. Chrom. Sci., 1993, 31, 358-362. [2-1993]

Bernier, U.R., Short-Column Gas Chromatography with Flame Ionization Detection Under Vacuum-Outlet Conditions, M.S. Thesis, 101pp., 1992, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. [1-1992]

Invited Presentations

Bernier, U.R., Perry, M.K., and Johnson, A.L., Bite Protection Analysis of Permethrin-Treated Military Uniforms, 7th International Conference on Biopesticides, October 19-25, 2014, Side/Antalya, Turkey.

Bernier, U.R., Tsikolia, M.T., Agramonte, N.M., Novel Mosquito Repellents and Insecticides, 45th Annual Society for Vector Ecology Conference, September 27-October 2, 2014, San Antonio, TX.

Bernier, U.R., Chemical Means of Protecting US Military Personnel from Mosquito Bites, University of California-Riverside Department of Entomology Seminar, March 31, 2014, Riverside, CA. (76)

Bernier, U.R Developing New Insecticides and Repellents for Clothing and Skin, 11th Arbovirus and Surveillance and Mosquito Control Workshop, March 25-27, 2014, St. Augustine, FL.

Bernier, U.R., New Developments in Skin Repellents and Repellent -Treated Uniforms for the United States Military, 61st Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, November 10-13, 2013, Austin, TX.

Bernier, U.R., Development of Synthetic Contact Repellents for Protection of Humans, 6th International Congress of the Society for Vector Ecology, September 22-27, 2013, La Quinta, CA.

Bernier, U.R., Tsikolia, M., and Agramonte, N.M., Discovery of Mosquito Attractants and Attraction-Inhibitors, 245th Meeting of the American Chemical Society, September 8-12, 2013, Indianapolis, IN.

Bernier, U.R, Update on Repellents and Insecticide Research, 10th Arbovirus and Surveillance and Mosquito Control Workshop, March 26-28, 2013, St. Augustine, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Chemical Methods of Personal Protection to Reduce Mosquito Bites Received by US Military Personnel, Virginia Tech University Department of Entomology Seminar, March 7, 2013, Blacksburg, VA.

Bernier, U.R., Perry, M.K., and Johnson, A.L., Mosquito Bite Protection of US Army and US Marine Corps Fire-Resistant Uniforms, 79th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, February 24-28, 2013, Atlantic City, NJ.

Bernier, U.R., Development of Novel Topical and Spatial Repellents, Mosquito & Vector Control Association of California 81st Annual Conference and Exhibitor Showcase, February 4-6, 2013, Sacramento, CA.

Bernier, U.R., Metamorphosis from a Scientist "Larva" to a program manager "Adult" in the Federal Government, 60th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, November 11-15, 2012, Knoxville, TN.

Bernier, U.R., Perry, M.K., and Johnson, A.L., Evaluation of the Bite Protection of US Military Uniforms, 60th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, November 11-15, 2012, Knoxville, TN.

Bernier, U.R., Novel chemicals for Vector Surveillance and Control, 44th Annual Society for Vector Ecology Conference, September 23-27, 2012, St. Augustine, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Tsikolia, M., Agramonte, N.M., Perry, M.K., and Johnson, A.L., Development of New Repellents and Improved Permethrin-Treated Uniforms for the United States Military, Arbovirus Research in Australia and Mosquito Control Association Symposium, September 9-14, 2012, Melbourne, QLD, Australia.

Bernier, U.R., Tsikolia, M., and Agramonte, N.M., Development of Acylpiperidine and Carboxamide Repellents Using Structure-Activity Models, 244th Meeting of the American Chemical Society, August 19-23, 2012, Philadelphia, PA.

Bernier, U.R., Tabanca, N., Khan, I.A., Blythe, E.K., Demirci, B., Tsikolia, M., Agramonte, N.M., and Wedge, D.E., Determination of Repellent Efficacy of Natural Compounds, August 19-23, 2012, Philadelphia, PA.

Bernier, U.R., Mosquito Bite Protection of Factory-Level Permethrin-Treated United States Military Combat Uniforms, 59th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, November 13-16, 2011, Reno, NV.

Bernier, U.R., Development of Inhibitors that Block Detection of Host Kairomones, 43rd Annual Society for Vector Ecology Conference, September 25-29, 2011, Flagstaff, AZ.

Bernier, U.R., Development of New Repellents, Host-Seeking Inhibitors, and Improved Personal Protection from Arthropod Bites for the United States Military, Virginia Mosquito Control Association, February 2-4, 2011, Virginia Beach, VA.

Bernier, U.R., Development of Novel Repellents, Attraction-Inhibitors, and Improved Repellent-Treated Clothing Seminar-University of Florida Department of Entomology and Nematology, January 13, 2011, Gainesville, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Bite Protection Performance of New Factory-Level Permethrin-Treated Military Uniforms, 58th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, December 12-15, 2010, San Diego, CA.

Bernier, U.R., Chemical Analysis of Host Odors to Discover Attractants and Inhibitors, 42nd Annual Society for Vector Ecology Conference, September 26-30, 2010, Raleigh, NC.

Bernier, U.R., and Perry, M.K., Mosquito Bite Reduction from Permethrin-Treated Military Uniforms, 42nd Annual Society for Vector Ecology Conference, September 26-30, 2010, Raleigh, NC.

Bernier, U.R., Chemical Attractants, Inhibitors, and Repellents for Use in Surveillance and Control of Mosquitoes and Other Biting Flies, 9th Mosquito Control Association of Australia Conference, September 12-15, 2010, Caloundra, Australia.

Bernier, U.R., Advances in the Discovery of Novel Repellents and Application Strategies, 7th Meeting of the Global Collaboration for Development of Pesticides for Public Health, World Health Organization, June 24-25, 2010, Geneva, Switzerland.

Perry, M.K., and Bernier, U.R., Small Arms: Treated Uniforms for Personal Protection, 76th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, March 28-April 1, 2010, Lexington, KY.

Bernier, U.R., Mosquito Attractants and Repellents, 7th Annual Arbovirus Surveillance and Mosquito Control Workshop sponsored by Anastasia Mosquito Control District (AMCD), March 23-25, 2010, St. Augustine, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Discovery and Application of Allelochemicals That Mediate Host-Seeking and Feeding Behaviors, Seminar-Research Triangle Institute, March 14, 2010, Raleigh, NC.

Bernier, U.R., Discovery and Application of Allelochemicals That Mediate Host-Seeking and Feeding Behaviors, Seminar-North Carolina State University, Department of Entomology, March 12, 2010, Raleigh, NC.

Bernier, U.R., New Insecticides and Repellents for Use on Mosquitoes and Sand Flies, Tri-Service Meeting of the Armed Forces Pest Management Board, February 7-12, 2010, Jacksonville, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Perry, M.K., and Moore, B.A., Collaborative Research on and Successful Implementation of Factory-Level Repellent-Treated Marine Corps Combat Utility Uniforms from 2004-2007. Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, December 13-16, 2009, Indianapolis, IN.

Bernier, U.R., Perry, M.K. Research on Repellent-Treated United States Military Uniforms, Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, December 13-16, 2009, Indianapolis, IN.

Bernier, U.R., Elejalde, N.M., Barnard, D.R., and Perry, M.K., Topical and clothing repellent assays: Can standardized in vitro methods be developed from in vivo methods?, Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, December 13-16, 2009, Indianapolis, IN.

Bernier, U.R., Compounds That Inhibit Insect Host-Seeking Ability, 58th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, November 18-22, 2009, Washington, D.C.

Bernier, U.R., Tsikolia, M., Elejalde, N.M., Slavov, S., Hall, C.D., Clark, G.G., Linthicum, K.J., and Katritkzy, A.R., Research on New Repellents, Annual Meeting of the Florida Mosquito Control Association, November 8-11, 2009, Tampa, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Perry, M.K., and Moore, B.A., Insecticide-Treated Uniforms for the Military: Recent Challenges and Developments, Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Chemical Ecology, October 27-30, 2009, Honolulu, HI.

Bernier, U.R., and Perry, M.K., Biological Efficacy of Permethrin Treatment on New U.S. Military Uniforms, International Society of Vector Ecology, October 11-16, 2009, Antalya, Turkey.

Bernier, U.R., Research on Topical Repellents and Repellent-Treated Uniforms for the U.S. Military, 6th Annual Arbovirus Surveillance and Mosquito Control Workshop sponsored by Anastasia Mosquito Control District (AMCD), March 31-April 2, 2009, St. Augustine, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Discovery and Application of Chemicals That Mediate Host-Seeking and Feeding, Seminar-University of Florida Department of Entomology and Nematology, January 15, 2009, Gainesville, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Chemicals and Their Role In Host-Seeking and Deterrence of Mosquitoes, 56th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, November 15-19, 2008, Reno, Nevada.

Bernier, U.R, Chauhan, K.R., Kline, D.L., and Barnard, D.R. Chemically-Induced Anosmia in Mosquitoes: A Novel Way to Prevent Host-Finding, XXIII International Congress of Entomology, July 6-12, 2008, Durban, South Africa.

Bernier, U.R., Topical and Clothing Repellent Research at the MFRU, 5th Annual Arbovirus Surveillance and Mosquito Control Workshop sponsored by Anastasia Mosquito Control District (AMCD), March 26-28, 2008, St. Augustine, FL.

Quinn, B.P., Bernier, U.R., and Kline, D.L., Sampling and Analysis of Barrier Treatments, 74th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, March 2-6, 2008, Reno, NV.

Quinn, B.P., Bernier, U.R., and Kline, D.L., Sampling and Analysis of Pesticides from Barrier Treatments, 74th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, March 2-6, 2008, Reno, NV.

Bernier, U.R., Katritzky, A.K, Slavov, S., Clark. G.G., and Linthicum, K.J., Discovery of Novel Biting Fly Repellents and Insecticides from Structure-Activity Studies, 74th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, March 2-6, 2008, Reno, NV.

Bernier, U.R., Perry, M., Moore, B, Johnson, A, and Quinn, B.P., Laundering Effects on Bite Protection and Permethrin Content of Marine Corps Combat Utility Uniforms (MCCUUs), 74th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, March 2-6, 2008, Reno, NV.

Bernier, U.R., Why Mosquitoes Prefer Some of Us Over Others and Some Ways to Use This Information to Make Them Forget About Biting Us, Florida Mosquito Control Association (FMCA) Training Course, January 29-30, 2008, Ocala, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Biological Efficacy of Permethrin-Treated Military Uniforms, 55th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, December 9-12, 2007, San Diego, CA.

Bernier, U.R., Surveillance Trapping from Aswan, Egypt, Sand Fly Working Group, August 20, 2007, Armed Forces Pest Management Board, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD.

Bernier, U.R., Repellent Testing at the USDA-ARS Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, Workshop for Sharing Technical Information on Updated Methods for Testing Efficacy of Skin-Applied Insect Repellents (Public Meeting), June 19, 2007, US EPA, Arlington, VA.

Bernier, U.R., Chemical Analysis of Human and Other Animal Odors to Identify Kairomones and Allomones of Mosquitoes, 73rd Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, April 1-5, 2007, Orlando, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Recent Research Involving Personal Protection Technologies: Insecticide-Treated Military Uniforms to Naturally Produced Allomones, 4th Annual Arbovirus Surveillance and Mosquito Control Workshop sponsored by Anastasia Mosquito Control District (AMCD), March 27-29, 2007, St. Augustine, FL.

Bernier, U.R., USDA Experience with Topical and Clothing Repellents, Workshop with Federal Partners: Improving Public Health through Dissemination of Insect Repellent Efficacy to Consumers, March 19, 2007, US EPA, Arlington, VA.

Bernier, U.R., Chemical Analysis of Odor Cues Used by Mosquitoes: A Tale of Blood, Sweat, and Compounds on the Pelage, Seminar-Monell Chemical Sciences Center, February 8, 2007, Philadelphia, PA.

Bernier, U.R., (1) Human and animal produced kairomones and allomones and potentials for use in reducing insect bites, (2) Short notes about DEET on clothing and combat uniforms(3) Biological efficacy of permethrin-impregnated combat uniforms, testing and future directions, (4) Recent risk assessment calculations for personnel wearing permethrin-treated combat uniforms, Gates Foundation, International Vector Control Consortium (IVCC) Repellents Workshop, January 22-23, 2007, London, England, U.K.

Bernier, U.R. Mosquito Attractant and Repellent Research Progress, 3rd Arbovirus Surveillance and Mosquito Control Workshop, Anastasia Mosquito Control District (AMCD) Workshop, March 22-24, 2006, St. Augustine, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Allan, S.A., Quinn, B., Booth, M.M. Kline, D.L., and Barnard, D.R. Chemistry Strategies to Identify Host Odors That Attract Ornithophilic Mosquito Species, 4th International Congress of Vector Ecology, October 2-7, 2005, Reno, NV.

Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., and Kline, D.L. Responses of Various Mosquito Species to Avian Odors, 4th International Congress of Vector Ecology, October 2-7, 2005, Reno, NV.

Bernier, U.R. Mosquito Attractant and Repellent Research Progress, Anastasia Mosquito Control District (AMCD) Workshop, March 22-24, 2005, St. Augustine, FL.

Bernier, U.R. Identification of Odors That Affect Host-seeking Behavior of Anthropophilic and Zoophilic mosquitoes, 53rd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, November 7-11, 2004, Miami, FL.

Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., and Carlson, D.A. Behavioral responses of Culex to oviposition site odors, XXII International Congress of Entomology, August 15-21, 2004, Brisbane, Australia.

Bernier, U.R., Allan, S.A., and Carlson, D.A. Chemical Analysis and Laboratory Bioassays of Host Odors to Identify Compounds that Attract and Inhibit the Attraction of Mosquitoes, XXII International Congress of Entomology, August 15-21, 2004, Brisbane, Australia.

Bernier, U.R. Research and Development of Mosquito Attractants and Repellents, Anastasia Mosquito Control District (AMCD) Workshop, March 22-24, 2004, St. Augustine, FL.

Bernier, U.R. The Search for Repellents, Florida Mosquito Control Association (FMCA) Training Course, January 27-31, 2003, Gainesville, FL.

Bernier, U.R. Chemicals from Human Skin That Attract and Inhibit the Attraction of Mosquitoes, Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, November 17-20, 2002, Ft. Lauderdale, FL.

Bernier, U.R. Identification of Volatile Compounds that Influence the Host-Seeking Behavior of Mosquitoes, Seminar-Monell Chemical Sciences Center, May 14, 2002, Philadelphia, PA.

Bernier, U.R. Influence of Human Odors on the Host-Seeking Behavior of Mosquitoes, Navy Operational Entomology Workshop, February 22-23, 2001, Jacksonville, FL.

Bernier, U.R. Analysis of Human Skin Emanations and the Influence of These Compounds on the Host-Seeking Behavior of Mosquitoes, 2001 Winter Meeting of the Minnesota Chromatography Forum, January 24, 2001, Minneapolis, MN.

Bernier, U.R. Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Human Skin Emanations to Identify Compounds that Influence the Host-Seeking Behavior of Mosquitoes, XXI International Congress of Entomology, August 20-26, 2000, Iguassu Falls, Brazil.

Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L., Barnard, D.R., and Posey, K.H., Discovery of Mosquito Attractants: Identification of Human Skin Emanations and Testing of Chemical Blends, Department of Defense Pest Management Workshop, February 22-27, 1998, Jacksonville, FL.

Presentations

Bernier, U.R., Perry, M.K., and Johnson, A.L., Factors That Affect Mosquito Repellency of Permethrin-Treated U.S. Military Uniforms, 19th European Society for Vector Ecology, October 13-17, 2014. (35)

Bernier, U.R., Agramonte, N.M., Perry, M.K., and Johnson, A.L., Evaluation of Repellent-Treated U.S. Military Combat Uniforms, 248th Meeting of the American Chemical Society, August 10-14, 2014, San Francisco, CA.

Bernier, U.R., Perry, M.K., and Johnson, A.L., Bite Protection Analysis of Permethrin-Treated US Military Combat Uniforms, February 2-6, 2014, Seattle, WA

Bernier, U.R., Chemical Methods of Personal Protection to Reduce Mosquito Bites Received by US Military Personnel, CMAVE Seminar, March 29, 2013, Gainesville, FL.

Bernier, U.R. and Perry, M.K. Recent Research on Permethrin-Treated United States Military Uniforms, 78th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, February 26-March 1, 2012, Austin, TX.

Tabanca, N., Radwan, M., Cutler, S.J., Bernier, U.R., Becnel, J.J., and Wedge, D.E., Antifungal and Insecticide Activities of Twenty Three Species Against Plant Pathogens, 10th Annual Oxford-International Conference on the Science of Botanicals Meeting, April 11-15, 2011, Oxford, MS.

Bernier, U.R., Perry, M.K., and Johnson, A.L., Evaluation of Bite Protection Performance of Permethrin-Treated United States Military Uniforms, 77th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, March 20-24, 2011, Anaheim, CA.

Bernier, U.R., and Perry, M.K., Mosquito Bite Protection Performance of Permethrin-Treated United States Military Uniforms, 82nd Fall Meeting of the Florida Mosquito Control Association, November 13-17, 2010 Duck Key, FL.

Obermayr, U., Rose, A., Geier, M., Gordon, S.W. and Bernier, U., Is Mosquito Host Attraction or Repellent Performance Influenced by Different Blood Alcohol Levels, 17th European Society for Vector Ecology Conference, September 11-17, 2010, Wroclaw, Poland.

Tabanaca, N., Wedge, D.E., Bernier, U.R., Becnel, J.J., and Baser, K.H.C., Discovering Natural Insecticides and Repellents from Medicinal and Aromatic Plants against Aedes aegypti, Joint Meeting of the Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Societies of North America, July 10-14, 2010, St. Petersburg, FL.

Tsikolia, M., Bernier, U.R., Slavov, S., Elejalde, N.M., Clark, G.G., Linthicum, K.J., and Katritzky, A.R., Modeling, Synthesis and Bioassay of Acylpiperidines and Carboxamides as Improved Mosquito Repellents, 51st Annual Meeting of the American Society for Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Society of North America, July 10-14, 2010, St. Petersburg, FL.

Tabanca, N., Blythe, E.K., Bernier, U.R., Demirci, B., Baser, K.H.C., Weerasooriya, A., Khan, I.A., Wedge, D.E., Characterization of Five Eucalyptus Essential Oils and Their Repellent Activity Against Aedes aegypti, 9th Annual Oxford-International Conference on the Science of Botanicals Meeting, April 12-15, 2010, Oxford, MS.

Cohnstaedt, L., Bernier, U.R., and Allan, S.A., Do I Stay or Do I Go? Predicting Mosquito Behavior in the Presence of Repellents, Insecticides and Attractants, 76th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, March 28-April 1, 2010, Lexington, KY.

Tsikolia, M. Bernier, U.R., Slavov, S., Elejalde, N.M., Clark, G.G., Linthicum, K.J., and Katritzky, A.R., New and Improved Mosquito Repellents Based on Structural Similarity, 11th Annual Florida Heterocyclic and Synthetic IUPAC-Sponsored Conference, March 7-10, 2010, Gainesville, FL.

Tabanca, N., Pridgeon, Y.W., Bernier, U.R., Becnel, J.J., and Wedge, D.E., Botanical Based Mosquito Larvicidal Activity and Repellents, International Society of Vector Ecology, October 11-16, Antalya, Turkey.

Bernier, U.R., Chemical Manipulation of Mosquito Host-Seeking and Feeding, European Biological Control Laboratory Seminar, June 8, 2009, Montpellier, France.

Bernier, U.R., and Perry, M.K., Effect of Fabric Construction on the Protection from Mosquito Bites by Permethrin-Treated U.S. Military Uniforms, June 3-5, 2009, Toulouse, France.

Molina, E.F., Bernier, U.R., Nazrov, E. and Yost, R.A.,Development and Evaluation of a DMS-based Method for the Detection of Insecticides, Proceedings of the 57th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, May 31-June 4, 2009, Philadelphia, PA.

Pridgeon, J.W., Bernier, U.R., and Becnel, J.J., Toxicity Comparison of Eight Repellents Against Four Species of Female Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae), 75th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, April 5-9, 2009, New Orleans, LA.

Pridgeon, J.W., Becnel, J.J., Bernier, U.R., Clark, G.G., and Linthicum, K.J., Structure-Activity Relationships of 33 Carboxamides as Toxicants Against Female Adults of Aedes aegypti, 75th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, April 5-9, 2009, New Orleans, LA.

Bernier, U.R., and Perry, M.K., Laboratory Evaluation of Mosquito "Bite Protection" from Permethrin-Treated U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Army Uniforms. 5th European Mosquito Control Workshop, March 9-13, 2009, Turin, Italy.

Bernier, U.R., Hoel, D.F., Hogsette, J.A., Hanafi, H.A., and Kline, D.L., Effect of Chemical Lures and Trap Placement on Sand Fly and Mosquito Collections with MMX Traps in Bahrif Village, Aswan, Egypt, 6th International Conference on Urban Pests, July 13-16, 2008, Budapest, Hungary.

Bernier, U.R., Quinn, B.P., Hogsette Jr., J.A., Kline, D.L., and TenBroeck, S.H., Gas Chromatography/ Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Volatiles from Horses to Discover Candidate Attractants Used by Host-Seeking Mosquitoes, Proceedings of the 56th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, June 1-5, 2008, Denver, CO.

Quinn, B.P., Bernier, U.R., and Hogsette, J.A., Identification of compounds in stable fly feces that might serve as attractants, Proceedings of the 56th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, June 1-5, 2008, Denver, CO.

Molina, E.F., Bernier, U.R., and Yost, R.A., Evaluation of an APCI-FAIMS-MS Method for the Detection of the Pyrethoids, Bifentrin and Permethrin, Proceedings of the 56th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, June 1-5, 2008, Denver, CO.

Adam, F., Vahirua-LeChat, I., Bernier, U., and Deslandes, E. Plantes aromatiques et médicinales de Polyésie française : composition chimique des huiles essentielles de fleurs de Cananga odorata (Lam) Hook Fil. et Thoms., 10e Symposium International d'Aromahérapie & Plantes Médicinales, April 11-13, Grasse, France.11-12-13 avril 2008, Grasse, France.

Quinn, B.P., Bernier, U.R., and Hogsette, J.A., Chemical Characterization of Stable Fly (Stomoxys calcitrans) Feces, 55th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, December 9-12, 2007, San Diego, CA.

Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., and Kline, D.L., Comparison of Behavioral Responses of Mosquitoes to Host Odors, 55th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, December 9-12, 2007, San Diego, CA.

Molina, E.F., Bernier, U.R., Otero,S., and Yost, R.A., FAIMS/MS Characterization of Some Insecticides and Repellents Used To Protect Deployed Military Personnel from Insect-Borne Diseases, Proceedings of the 55th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, June 3-7, 2007, Indianapolis, IN.

Chauhan, K.R., Bernier, U.R., Gupta, R.J., Bhattacharjee, A., Greico, J., PMD and Analogues: Structural Activity Relationship of Bio-based Repellent Against Arthropod Vectors, 73rd Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, April 1-5, 2007, Orlando, FL.

Allan, S.A., Barnard, D.R., Becnel, J.J., Bernier, U.R., Britch, S.C., Clark, G.G., Cooperband, M.F., Geden, C.J., Hogsette Jr, J.A., Kline, D.L., Linthicum, K., Pereira, R.M., Pridgeon, J.W., Quinn, B.P., Reinert, J.F., Welch, C.H., Zhao, L., Mosquito and Fly Control Research by the USDA-ARS Center for Medical, Agicultural, and Veterinary Entomology (CMAVE) in the Deployed War-Fighter Protection (DWFP) Program, 75th Annual Conference of the Mosquito and Vector Control Association of California, February 4-7, 2007.

Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L., Allan, S.A., Quinn, B.P., and Barnard, D.R., Laboratory Studies of Selected Ketones, Sulfides, and Chloroalkanes on the Host-Seeking Behavior of Aedes aegypti, 54rd Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, December 10-13, 2006, Indianapolis, IN.

Quinn, B.P., Kline, D.L., Dame, D.A., Meisch, M.V., Allan, S.A., Urban, J.A., and Bernier, U.R., Application of Bifenthrin as a Barrier Treatment for Protection Against Mosquitoes near Arkansas Rice Fields, Society for Vector Ecology Annual Meeting, September 29-October 3, 2006, Anchorage, AK.

Bernier, U.R., Johnson, A.L., Moore, B.A., Perry, M.K., Quinn, B.P., Posey, K.H., and Clark, G.G., Examination of Laundering Effects on the Bite Protection and Permethrin Content of Production Level Factory-Treated Marine Corps Combat Utility Uniforms (MCCUUs), Society for Vector Ecology Annual Meeting, September 29-October 3, 2006, Anchorage, AK.

Otero-Santos, S.M., Bernier, U.R., Allan, S.A., Kline, D.L., Clark, G.G., and Yost, R.A., Use of Ion Mobility Spectrometry to Characterize Odor Plumes from Field Release of Compounds that Modify Mosquito Host-Seeking Behavior, Proceedings of the 54th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, May 28-June1, 2006, Seattle, WA.

Quinn, B.P., Bernier, U.R., and Booth, M.M., Identification of Compounds in Three Species of False Rosemary (Conradina sp.) Native to Florida as Candidate Mosquito Repellents, Proceedings of the 54th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, May 28-June1, 2006, Seattle, WA.

Bernier, U.R., Quinn, B.P., Booth, M.M., and Weldon, P.J., Identification of Compounds in Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) Pelage for Candidate Mosquito Repellents, Proceedings of the 54th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, May 28-June1, 2006, Seattle, WA.

Bernier, U.R., Development of Mosquito Attractants and Repellents, Florida Department of Health Training, March 15, 2006, Tallahassee, FL.

Quinn, B., Allan, S., Bernier, U.R., Alvarez, D., and W.L. Crainor. Monitoring Compounds Produced by Hay Infusion Using Passive Samplers, 53rd Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, December 15-18, 2005, Ft. Lauderale, FL.

Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., and Kline, D.L. Evaluation of Human-Associated Odors On Attraction of Culex, 53rd Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, December 15-18, 2005, Ft. Lauderale, FL.

Bernier, U.R.,Allan, S.A., Quinn, B., Kline, D.L., and Barnard, D.R., Chemistry of Avian Emanations: Candidate Host-Seeking Attractants from Chicken Feathers, Skin, and Uropygial Glands, 53rd Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, December 15-18, 2005, Ft. Lauderale, FL.

Barnard, D.R., Knue, G.J., Kline, D.L., Bernier, U.R., Allan, S.A., and Linthicum, K.J. Can the Mosquito Landing Rate on Humans Be Predicted from CDC Light Trap Collections? 54th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, December 11-15, 2005, Washington, D.C.

Otero, S.M., Bernier, U., Allan, S. A., Quinn, B., Booth, M.M., Kline, D.L., Barnard, D.R., and Yost, R.A., Identification of Candidate Attractant Compounds from Chicken Feathers for the Mosquito Vector of the West Nile Virus by GC/MS, Proceedings of the 53rd ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, June 5-9, 2005, San Antonio, TX.

Bernier, U.R., Allan, S.A., Quinn, B., Kline, D.L., and Barnard, D.R. Collection of Chicken Volatiles in Solvents to Identify Candidate Attractants of Ornithophilic Mosquites Implicated in West Nile Virus Transmission, Proceedings of the 53rd ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, June 5-9, 2005, San Antonio, TX.

Quinn, B., Bernier, U.R., Carlson, D.A. and Hogsette, J.A. Analysis of Volatile Compounds Extracted from Molasses for Evaluation as Candidate Fly Attractants, Proceedings of the 53rd ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, June 5-9, 2005, San Antonio, TX.

Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., and Kline, D.L. Attraction of Culex mosquitoes to compounds identified from birds, 71st Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, April 3-7, 2005, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Bernier, U.R., Allan, S.A., Quinn, B., and Kline, D.L. Chemical identification of compounds emanated by birds to discover host-finding attractants of Culex mosquitoes, 71st Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, April 3-7, 2005, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Kline, D.L., Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., and Linthicum, K.L. Development of New Surveillance Technologies for Culex Mosquitoes. 6th Annual Meeting for Surveillance, Control and Prevention of West Nile Virus in the United States, February 8-9,2005, San Jose, CA.

Linthicum, K.J., Allan, S.A., Barnard, D.R., Becnel, J.J., Bernier, U.R., Carlson, D.A., Hogsette Jr, J.A., Kline, D.L., and Shuman, D. Novel Research Efforts to Prevent West Nile Virus Transmission and Control Spread of Infected Mosquitoes. 6th Annual Meeting for Surveillance, Control and Prevention of West Nile Virus in the United States, February 8-9,2005, San Jose, CA.

Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., and Kline, D.L., Evaluation of Avian Odors as Mosquito Attractants, Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, November 13-18, 2004, Salt Lake City, UT.

Bernier, U.R., Allan, S.A., and Kline, D.L., Chemical Identification of Host and Blood Odors That Attract Mosquitoes. Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, November 13-18, 2004, Salt Lake City, UT.

Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., Booth, M.M., Kline, D.L., and Barnard, D.R., Evaluation of Volatile Compounds from Blood as Attractants of Anthropophlic and Ornithophilic Mosquitoes, 53rd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, November 7-11, 2004, Miami, FL.

Allan, S.A., Bernier, U.R., Booth, M.M., Kline, D.L., and Barnard, D.R., Evaluation of Volatile Compounds from Bovine Blood as Mosquito Attractants, Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, October 26-29, 2003, Cincinnati, OH.

Bernier, U.R., Booth, M.M., Allan, S.A., Kline, D.L., and Barnard, D.R., Chemical Analysis of Headspace Volatiles to Identify Candidate Feeding and Oviposition Attractants for Culex quinquefasciatus, Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, October 26-29, 2003, Cincinnati, OH.

Bernier, U.R., Booth, M.M, Allan, S.A., Kline, D.L, and Barnard, D.R., Identification of Candidate Mosquito Attractants in the Headspace of Bovine Blood, Proceedings of the 51st ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, June 8-12, 2003, Montréal, Quebec, Canada.

Otero, S.M., Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L., Barnard, D.R., and Yost, R.A., Identification by GC/MS of Chemicals from Human and Avian Hosts that Attract Mosquitoes, Proceedings of the 51st ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, June 8-12, 2003 Montréal, Quebec, Canada.

Kline, D.L., Carlson, D.A., Bernier, U.R., and Barnard, D.R., Efficacy of Various Trap Types and Attractants on Tabanid Collections, 3rd International Congress of Vector Ecology, September 16-21, 2001, Barcelona, Spain.

Huml, M.T., Bernier, U.R., Barnard, D.R., and Yost, R.A., Sampling Strategies for SPME GC/MS Investigations of Host Emanations in the Role of Mosquito Attraction, 49th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, May 27-31, 2001, Chicago, IL.

Kline, D.L, Bernier, U.R. and Barnard, D.R., Field Testing of New Mosquito Attractant Blends, 67th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, February 18-22, 2001, Dallas, TX.

Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L., and Barnard, D.R., Development of Attractant Blends and Discovery of Attraction-Inhibitors for Mosquitoes, 67th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, February 18-22, 2001, Dallas, TX.

Barnard, D.R., Xue, R.D., Posey, K.H., and Bernier, U.R., Evaluation of Three Deet Alternative Repellents Against Salt Marsh Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Everglades National Park, Florida, USA, 13th Annual Meeting of the European Society for Vector Ecology, September 24-29, 2000, Belek, Antalya, Turkey.

Bernier, U.R., Biting Fly Biology, Surveillance, and Control-Attractants, Armed Forces Pest Management Board, Department of Defense Research Review, February 8-10, 2000, Gainesville, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L., and Barnard, D.R., Attraction of Laboratory Mosquitoes using Chemical Blends based upon Emanations from Human Skin, 65th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association, February 21-25, 1999, St. Louis, MO.

Bernier, U.R., Discovery, Development and Potential Application of Mosquito Attractants, Armed Forces Pest Management Board, Department of Defense Research Review, February 2-4, 1999, Ft. Collins, CO.

Carlson, D.A., Sutton, B.D., and Bernier, U.R., Cuticular Hydrocarbons of G. austeni and G. pallidipes; Activity as Sex Pheromones and Differences Between Populations, FAO/IAEA International Conference on Area-Wide Contol of Insect Pests Integrating the Sterile Insect and Related Nuclear and Other Techniques, May 28-June 2, 1998, Penang, Malaysia.

Booth, M.M., Yost, R.A., Bernier, U.R., Kline, D.L., and Barnard, D.R., GC/MS Analysis of Human Skin Emanations, 49th Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy, March 1-March 5, 1998, New Orleans, LA.

Bernier, U.R., Carlson, D.A., and Geden, C.J., Gas Chromatographic/Mass Spectrometric Analysis of the Cuticular Hydrocarbons from Parasitic Wasps of the Genus Spalangia, 49th Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy, March 1-March 5, 1998, New Orleans, LA.

Bernier, U.R., Identification of Compounds and Testing of Chemical Blends that Attract Mosquitoes, Armed Forces Pest Management Board, Department of Defense Research Review, January 13-15, 1998, Gainesville, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Carlson, D.A., and Geden, C.J., The Role of Mass Spectrometry in the Chemotaxonomic Differentiation of Parasitic Wasps, Proceedings of the 45th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, June 2-5, 1997, Palm Springs, CA.

Carlson, S., Johnson, J., Borum, P., Bernier, U., and Yost, R., Characterization of Acylcarnitines by GC/MS/MS, Proceedings of the 43rd ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, May 21-26, 1995, Atlanta, GA.

Yinon, J., Johnson, J.V., Bernier, U.R., Yost, R.A., Mayfield, H.T., and Mahone, W.C., Mass Spectral Identification of a Hydride Meisenheimer Complex of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT), presented at the 13th International Mass Spectrometry Conference, August 29-September 2, 1994, Budapest, Hungary.

Bernier, U.R., Yost, R.A., Schreck, C.E., and Barnard, D.R., Tandem Mass Spectrometric Determination of Mosquito Attractants Originating from Humans, Proceedings of the 42nd ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, May 29-June 3, 1994, Chicago, IL.

Carlson, S.M., Bernier, U.R., Coopersmith, B.I., Ferguson, J.A., Annacchino, A.P., and Yost, R.A., Reactions of Nucleotides with Electrophiles in a Tandem Mass Spectrometer Using Electrospray Ionization, Proceedings of the 42nd ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, May 29-June 3, 1994, Chicago, IL.

Bernier, U.R., Yost, R.A., Schreck, C.E., and Barnard, D.R., Strategies for the Determination of Mosquito Attractants by Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Annual Meeting of the Florida Sections of the American Chemical Society, May 5-7, 1994, Orlando, FL.

Bernier, U.R., Yost, R.A., Schreck, C.E., and Barnard, D.R., Identification of Volatile Mosquito Attractants by GC/MS and GC/MS/MS, 45th Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy, February 27-March 4, 1994, Chicago, IL.

Bernier, U.R., Yost, R.A., Schreck, C.E., and Barnard, D.R., Tandem Mass Spectrometry of Human Skin Emanations for the Determination of Mosquito Attractants, Proceedings of the 41st ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, May 30-June 4, 1993, San Francisco, CA.

Wood, J.M., Bernier, U.R., Johnson, J.V., and Yost, R.A., Rapid Evaluation of Polymers using Particle Beam/Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry, Proceedings of the 41st ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, May 30-June 4, 1993, San Francisco, CA.

Bernier, U.R., Yost, R.A., Schreck, C.E., and Barnard, D.R., Determination of Mosquito Attractants Emanating from Human Skin by Tandem Mass Spectrometry, 44th Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy, March 8-12, 1993, Atlanta, GA.

Bernier, U.R., and Yost, R.A., Short Capillary Column GC/FID under Vacuum Outlet Conditions, Annual Meeting of the Florida Sections of the American Chemical Society, April 30-May 1, 1992, Cocoa Beach, FL.

Bernier, U.R., and Yost, R.A., Short Capillary Column GC/FID under Vacuum Outlet Conditions, 43rd Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy, March 9-13, 1992, New Orleans, LA.

Bernier, U.R., Rossi, S.A., and Yost, R.A., Short Capillary Column GC/FID under Vacuum Outlet Conditions and its Relevance to GC/MS, 39th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, May 19-24, 1991, Nashville, TN.

Funding

Extramural funding received: $954,309.35 through 2013 distributed as follows:

  • United States Marine Corps ($109,019.50) 2004-2013
  • United States Army ($($362,020.35) 2008-2013
  • United States Air Force ($13,756.50) 2010
  • Global War on Terrorism (GWOT) ($60,000) 2009
  • Vestergaard-Frandsen ($26000) 2012-2013
  • Walter Reed Army Institute of Research ($68,000)
  • LIG Sciences ($8000) 2013
  • Landis International ($240,000) 2013
  • Natick/DWFP ($40,000) 2013


Last Modified: 11/10/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page