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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

Alan L Knight
Fruit and Vegetable Insect Research
Research Entomologist

Phone: (509) 454-6566
Fax: (509) 454-5646
5230 KONNOWAC PASS RD
WAPATO, WA, 98951-9651

Projects
Biorational Management of Insect Pests of Temperate Tree Fruits
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 420684
Impact of Codling Moth Sprays on Biological Control of San Jose Scale
Trust (T)
  Accession Number: 426422

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Monitoring oriental fruit moth and codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with combination of sex pheromones, host plant volatiles, and food baits - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (16-Apr-14)
Measuring local genetic variability in populations of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) across an unmanaged / commercial orchard interface - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Fuentes-Contreras, E., Basoalto, E., Franck, P., Lavandero, B., Knight, A.L., Ramirez, C.C. 2014. Measuring local genetic variability in populations of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) across an unmanaged / commercial orchard interface. Environmental Entomology. 43(2):520-527; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EN13131.
Combining mutualistic yeast and pathogenic virus - a novel method for control for codling moth control - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Witzgall, P. 2013. Combining mutualistic yeast and pathogenic virus - a novel method for control for codling moth control. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 39:1019-1026.
Combined approaches using sex pheromone and pear ester for behavioral disruption of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2013. Combined approaches using sex pheromone and pear ester for behavioral disruption of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Journal of Applied Entomology. DOI:10.111/jen.12071.
Monitoring oriental fruit moth (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae) with the ajar bait trap in pome and stone fruit orchards under mating disruption - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Hilton, R., Basoalto, E., Molinari, F., Zoller, B., Hansen, R., Hull, L. 2013. Monitoring oriental fruit moth (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae) with the ajar bait trap in pome and stone fruit orchards under mating disruption. Journal of Applied Entomology. 137:650-660.
Neural ensemble coding merges sex and habitat chemosensory signals in an insect herbivore (RSPB-2012-2496) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Trona, F., Anfora, G., Balkenius, A., Knight, A.L., Tasin, M., Witzgall, P., Ignell, R. 2013. Neural ensemble coding merges sex and habitat chemosensory signals in an insect herbivore (RSPB-2012-2496). Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Vol 280, DOI 10.1098/rspb 2013.0267.
Factors affecting the efficacy of a vinegar trap for Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Basoalto, E., Hilton, R., Knight, A.L. 2013. Factors affecting the efficacy of a vinegar trap for Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Journal of Applied Entomology. 137:561-570.
Comparing mating disruption of codling moth with standard and meso dispensers loaded with pear ester and codlemone - (Proceedings)
Knight, A.L., Basoalto, E., Hilton, R. 2014. Comparing mating disruption of codling moth with standard and meso dispensers loaded with pear ester and codlemone. Proceedings, IOBC. IOBC-WPRS Bulletin 99, pp. 33-37.
New traps, baits, and lures for tree fruit IPM - (Proceedings)
Knight, A.L. 2014. New traps, baits, and lures for tree fruit IPM. Proceedings, IOBC. IOBC-WPRS Bulletin 99, pp 119-122.
Apple volatiles synergize the response of codling moth to pear ester - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
El-Sayed, A.M., Cole, L., Revell, J., Manning, L., Knight, A.L., Bus, V., Suckling, D.M. 2013. Apple volatiles synergize the response of codling moth to pear ester. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 39:643-652.
New traps and lures for tree fruit pests - (Popular Publication)
Knight, A.L. 2013. New traps and lures for tree fruit pests. Good Fruit Grower. 64(3):56-57.
Influence of trap design on capture of female grape berry moth (lepidoptera: tortricidae) with a kairomone Lure - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cha, D.H., Hesler, S.P., Linn, JR., C.E., Zhang, A., Teal, P.E., Knight, A.L. 2013. Influence of trap design on capture of female grape berry moth (lepidoptera: tortricidae) with a kairomone Lure. Environmental Entomology. 42(1):150-157.
Influence of trap design on upwind flight behavior and capture of female grape berry moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidea) with a kairomone lure - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cha, D.H., Hesler, S.P., Linn, Jr, C.E., Zhang, A., Teal, P.E., Knight, A.L., Roelofs, W.L., Loeb, G.M. 2013. Influence of trap design on upwind flight behavior and capture of female grape berry moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidea) with a kairomone lure. Environmental Entomology. 42:150-157.
Developing a new bait for spotted wing Drosophila in organic cherry production - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Yee, W.L., Hilton, R. 2013. Developing a new bait for spotted wing Drosophila in organic cherry production. Acta Horticulturae. 1001:147-152.
Evaluation of traps and lures for codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in apple orchards - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Barros, W., Knight, A.L., Basoalto, E., Fuentes-Contreras, E. 2013. Evaluation of traps and lures for codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in apple orchards. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 40:307-315.
“This is not an apple”–yeast mutualism in codling moth - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Witzgall, P., Proffit, M., Rozpedowska, E., Becher, P., Andreadis, S., Coracini, M., Lindblom, T., Bengtsson, M., Ream, L.J., Kurtzman, C.P., Piskur, J., Knight, A.L. 2012. “This is not an apple”–yeast mutualism in codling moth. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 38(8):949-957.
Adding microencapsulated pear ester to insecticides for control of Cydia pomonella (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae) in apple - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M. 2013. Adding microencapsulated pear ester to insecticides for control of Cydia pomonella (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae) in apple. Pest Management Science. 69:66-74.
Monitoring oriental fruit moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with sticky traps baited with terpinyl acetate and sex pheromone - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cichon, L., Fuentes, E., Barros, W., Basoalto, E., Hilton, R., Knight, A.L. 2012. Monitoring oriental fruit moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with sticky traps baited with terpinyl acetate and sex pheromone. Journal of Applied Entomology. 137:275-281. DOI 10.1111/j.1439-0418.2012.01732.x.
Monitoring codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in orchards treated with pear ester and sex pheromone combo dispensers - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M., Chebny, V. 2012. Monitoring codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in orchards treated with pear ester and sex pheromone combo dispensers. Journal of Applied Entomology. 137:214-224. DOI 10.1111/j.1439-0418.2012.01715.x.
Evaluating dispensers loaded with codlemone and pear ester for disruption of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M., Chebny, V. 2012. Evaluating dispensers loaded with codlemone and pear ester for disruption of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Environmental Entomology. 41(2):399-406.
Monitoring codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in sex phermone-treated orchards with (E)-4,8-dimethyl-1,3,7-nonatriene or pear ester in combination with codlemone and acetic acid - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M. 2012. Monitoring codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in sex phermone-treated orchards with (E)-4,8-dimethyl-1,3,7-nonatriene or pear ester in combination with codlemone and acetic acid. Environmental Entomology. 41(2):407-414.
Organic codling moth management in Washington state and the world - (Proceedings)
Knight, A.L. 2011. Organic codling moth management in Washington state and the world. Washington State Horticulture Association Proceedings. pp 131-135.
Microencapsulated Pear Ester Enhances Insecticide Efficacy in Walnuts for Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and Navel Orangeworm (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Light, D.M., Knight, A.L. 2011. Microencapsulated Pear Ester Enhances Insecticide Efficacy in Walnuts for Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and Navel Orangeworm (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 104(4):1309-1315.
Evaluation of novel semiochemical dispensers simultaneously releasing pear ester and sex pheromone for mating disruption of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Stelinski, L.L., Hebert, V., Gut, L., Light, D.M., Brunner, J. 2012. Evaluation of novel semiochemical dispensers simultaneously releasing pear ester and sex pheromone for mating disruption of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Journal of Applied Entomology. 136:79-86.
Identifying (E)-4,8-dimethyl-1,3,7-nonatriene plus acetic acid as a new lure for male and female codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M., Trimble, R.M. 2011. Identifying (E)-4,8-dimethyl-1,3,7-nonatriene plus acetic acid as a new lure for male and female codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Environmental Entomology. 40(2):420-430.
Landscape Analysis of Adult Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Distribution and Dispersal within Typical Agroecosystems Dominated by Apple Production in Central Chile Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Basoalto, E., Miranda, M., Knight, A.L., Fuentes-Contreras, E. 2010. Landscape Analysis of Adult Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Distribution and Dispersal within Typical Agroecosystems Dominated by Apple Production in Central Chile. Environmental Entomology Vol 39(5):1399-1408.
Monitoring Oriental Fruit Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and Peach Twig Borer (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) with Clear Delta-shaped Traps Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Pickel, C., Hawkins, L., Abbott, C., Hansen, R., Hull, L. 2010. Monitoring Oriental Fruit Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and Peach Twig Borer (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) with Clear Delta-shaped Traps. Journal of Applied Entomology 135:106-114.
Improved Monitoring of Female Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with Pear Ester Plus Acetic Acid in Sex Pheromone-treated Orchards Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2010. Improved Monitoring of Female Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with Pear Ester Plus Acetic Acid in Sex Pheromone-treated Orchards. Environmental Entomology 39(4):1283.1290.
Cross-Resistance Between Azinphos-methyl and Acetamiprid in Populations of Codling Moth, Cydia pomonella (L.)(Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), from Washington State Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2010. Cross-Resistance Between Azinphos-methyl and Acetamiprid in Populations of Codling Moth, Cydia pomonella (L.)(Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), from Washington State. Pest Management Science 2010; 66:865-874.
The Importance of Pear Ester in Codling Moth Monitoring and Management - (Popular Publication)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M., Hilton, R., Alston, D. 2010. The Importance of Pear Ester in Codling Moth Monitoring and Management. Good Fruit Grower 61(5):40-41.
Combined Sprays of Sex Pheromone and Insecticides to Attract and Kill Codling Moth - (Proceedings)
Kovanci, O.B., Knight, A.L., Larsen, T. 2011. Combined Sprays of Sex Pheromone and Insecticides to Attract and Kill Codling Moth. Proceedings, IOBC. 72:83-88.
Managing Codling Moth Clearly and Precisely with Semiochemicals - (Proceedings)
Knight, A.L., Hawkins, L., Mcnamara, K., Borman, M., Hilton, R. 2011. Managing Codling Moth Clearly and Precisely with Semiochemicals. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (Abstract for Conference Proceedings). 54:415-418.
Increased Catch of Female Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Kairomone-baited Clear Delta Traps Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2010. Increased Catch of Female Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Kairomone-baited Clear Delta Traps. Environmental Entomology. 39(2): 583-590.
Targeting Cydia pomonella (L.)(Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Adults with Low Volume Applications of Insecticides Alone and in Combination with Sex Pheromone Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2010. Targeting Cydia pomonella (L.)(Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Adults with Low Volume Applications of Insecticides Alone and in Combination with Sex Pheromone. Journal of Economic Entomology 2010; 66:709-717.
Effect of Sex Pheromone and Kairomone Lures on Catches of Codling Moth - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2010. Effect of Sex Pheromone and Kairomone Lures on Catches of Codling Moth. Journal of British Columbia Entomological Society. 107:1-8.
Battling Wormy apples in the Home Orchard Using a SOFT Approach - (Popular Publication)
Hilton, R., Knight, A.L. 2009. Battling Wormy apples in the Home Orchard Using a SOFT Approach. Popular Publication, The Applegator, March issue p 7-8, Medford, OR.
Combining Pear Ester with Codlemone Improves Management of Codling Moth - (Proceedings)
Knight, A.L., Haworth, J., Lingren, B., Hebert, V. 2011. Combining Pear Ester with Codlemone Improves Management of Codling Moth. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (Abstract for Conference Proceedings). IOBC/wprs Bulletin 72:145-149.
Monitoring and Managing Codling Moth Clearly and Precisely - (Trade Journal)
Knight, A.L., Hawkins, L., Mcnamara, K., Hilton, R. 2009. Monitoring and Managing Codling Moth Clearly and Precisely. Good Fruit Grower 26-27.
Creating Point Sources for Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with Low-Volume Sprays of a Microencapsulated Sex Pheromone Formulation Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Larsen, T.E. 2008. Creating Point Sources for Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with Low-Volume Sprays of a Microencapsulated Sex Pheromone Formulation. Environmental Entomology 37(5):1136-1144.
Worldwide Variability of Insecticide Resistance Mechanisms in the Codling Moth - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Reyes, M., Franck, P., Olivares, J., Margaritopoulos, J., Knight, A.L., Sauphanor, B. 2008. Worldwide Variability of Insecticide Resistance Mechanisms in the Codling Moth. Bulletin of Entomological Research. p 1-11, Dec 9 online early publication.
Field Evaluations of Concentrated Spray Applications of Microencapsulated Sex Pheromone for Codling Moth Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Larsen, T.E., Ketner, K., Hilton, R., Hawkins, L. 2008. Field Evaluations of Concentrated Spray Applications of Microencapsulated Sex Pheromone for Codling Moth. Environmental Entomology 37:980-989.
Codling Moth Areawide IPM - (Book / Chapter)
Knight, A.L. 2008. Codling Moth Areawide IPM. pp. 159-190. In: Areawide Pest Management Theory and Implementation. O.Koul, G.Cupernus, N. Elliott (eds.) CAB International, Oxfordshire, UK.
Adjusting the Phenology Model of Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Washington State Apple Orchards Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2007. Adjusting the Phenology Model of Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Washington State Apple Orchards. Environmental Entomology 36:1485-1493.
Mating Disruption of the Oriental Fruit Moth by Concentrated Applications of Microencapsulated Pheromone in Turkey - (Abstract Only)
Kovanci, O.B., Gencer, N.S., Larsen, T.E., Knight, A.L. 2007. Mating disruption of the oriental fruit moth by concentrated applications of microencapsulated pheromone in Turkey. IOBC Conference Proceedings, Sept 9-14, 2007, Lund, Sweden.
Applied Chemical Ecology of the Oriental Fruit Moth: Optimizing the Use of Hand-Applied Dispensers for Mating Disruption - (Abstract Only)
Kovanci, O.B., Gencer, N.S., Larsen, T.E., Knight, A.L. 2007. Applied chemical ecology of the oriental fruit moth: optimizing the use of hand-applied dispensers for mating disruption. Proceedings of the 23rd International Society of Chemical Ecology Meeting, July 22-27, 2007, Tena, Germany.
Codling Moth has a New Calendar - (Popular Publication)
Knight, A.L. 2007. Codling Moth has a New Calendar. Good Fruit Grower 58(5):16-17.
Evaluation of the Pear Ester Kairomone as a Formulation Additive for the Granulovirus of Codling Moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) in Pome Fruits Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthurs, S.P., Hilton, R., Knight, A.L., Lacey, L.A. 2007. Evaluation of the Pear Ester Kairomone as a Formulation Additive for the Granulovirus of Codling Moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) in Pome Fruits. Journal of Economic Entomology 100:702-709.
Microbial Control of Lepidopteran Pests of Apple Orchards Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Lacey, L.A., Arthurs, S.P., Knight, A.L., Huber, J. 2007. Microbial control of lepidopteran pests of apple orchards. In: Field Manual of Techniques in Invertebrate Pathology: Application and Evaluation of Pathogens for Control of Insects and Other Invertebrate Pests, 2nd ed. L.A. Lacey & H.K. Kaya, eds. pp. 527-546. Springer Scientific Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Resetting the CM Clock: Targeting Peak Pest Periods - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L. 2007. Resetting the CM Clock: Targeting Peak Pest Periods. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference.
Good News? Codling Moth Exhibits Negative Cross Resistance Between Guthion and Rimon - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L. 2007. Good News? Codling Moth Exhibits Negative Cross Resistance Between Guthion and Rimon. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference.
Spraying Codling Moth Sex Pheromone with and without Insecticides: 'Allowing Growers to Concentrate' - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L. 2007. Spraying Codling Moth Sex Pheromone with and without Insecticides: 'Allowing Growers to Concentrate'. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference.
Management of oriental fruit moth with ground ULV spray applications of a microencapsulated sex pheromone - (Proceedings)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M., Pickel, C., Kovanci, O., Molinari, F. 2008. Management of oriental fruit moth with ground ULV spray applications of a microencapsulated sex pheromone. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin Vol. 37. Working Group "Integrated Plant Protection in Stone Fruit", Proceedings of the meeting at Balandran (France), 14-16 October, 2006. Edited by: Fabio Molinari, Jean Lichou and Emanuele Mazzoni, ISBN 978-92-9067-211-1 [viii + 173 pp].roceedings).
Multiple-Mating of Male and Female Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Apple Orchards Treated with Sex Pheromone Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2006. Multiple-mating of male and female codling moth (lepidoptera: tortricidae) in apple orchards treated with sex pheromone. Environmental Entomology. 36:157-164.
Influence of Within-Orchard Trap Placement on Catch of Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Sex Pheromone-Treated Orchards Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2007. Influence of within-orchard trap placement on catch of codling moth (lepidoptera: tortricidae) in sex pheromone-treated orchards. Environmental Entomology 36:425-432.
Increased Catch of Male Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Orange Plastic Delta-Shaped Traps Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Fisher, J. 2007. Increased catch of male codling moth (lepidoptera: tortricidae)in orange plastic delta-shaped traps. Environmental Entomology. 35:1597-1602.
Disruption of Mating in Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) by An Anthranilamid Insecticide - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2007. Disruption of mating in codling moth (lepidoptera: tortricidae) by an anthranilamid insecticide. Pest Management Science. 63:180-189.
Assessing the Mating Status of Female Codling Moth (Lepidoptera:tortricidae) in Orchards Treated with Sex Pheromone Using Traps Baited with Ethyl (E, Z)-2,4-Decadienoate Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2006. Assessing the mating status of female codling moth (lepidoptera:tortricidae) in orchards treated with sex pheromone using traps baited with ethyl (e, z)-2,4-decadienoate. Environmental Entomology 35:894-900.
Another Tool to Manage Codling Moth: Ulv Ground Pheromone Sprays - (Popular Publication)
Knight, A.L. 2006. Another tool to manage codling moth: ulv ground pheromone sprays. Good Fruit Grower 57(7):25-27.
Using Pear Ester to Monitor Codling Moth in Sex Pheromone-Treated Orchards - (Experiment Station)
Knight, A.L., Hilton, R., Vanbuskirk, P., Light, D.M. 2006. Using pear ester to monitor codling moth in sex pheromone treated orchards. Oregon State University Agricultural Experiment Station. Oregon State University, Extension Service Publication EM 8904, February 2006. 8 p.
Developing Action Thresholds for Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with Pear Ester and Codlemone-Baited Traps in Apple Orchards Treated with Sex Pheromone Mating Disruption - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M. 2005. Developing action thresholds for codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with pear ester and codlemone-baited traps in apple orchards treated with sex pheromone mating disruption. Can. Entomol. 137(6):739-747.
Timing of Egg Hatch by Early-Season Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Predicted by Moth Catch in Pear Ester and Codlemone-Baited Traps - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M. 2005. Timing of egg hatch by early-season codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) predicted by moth catch in pear ester and codlemone-baited traps. Can. Entomol. 137(6):728-738.
Factors Affecting the Differential Capture of Male and Female Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Traps Baited with Ethyl (E,z)-2,4-Decadienoate Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M. 2005. Factors affecting the differential capture of male and female codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in traps baited with ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-Decadienoate. Environmental Entomology. 34(5):1161-1169.
Seasonal Flight Patterns of Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Monitored with Pear Ester and Codlemone-Baited Traps in Sex Pheromone-Treated Apple Orchards Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M. 2005. Seasonal flight patterns of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) monitored with pear ester and codlemone-baited traps in sex pheromone-treated apple orchards. Environmental Entomology. 34(5):1028-1035.
Dose-Response of Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to Ethyl (E, Z)-2,4-Decadienoate in Apple Orchards Treated with Sex Pheromone Dispensers Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M. 2005. Dose-response of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to ethyl (E, Z)-2,4-decadienoate in apple orchards treated with sex pheromone dispensers. Environmental Entomology. 34(3):604-609.
Monitoring Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Apple with Blends of Ethyl (E,z)-2,4-Decadienoate and Codlemone Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Hilton, R., Light, D.M. 2005. Monitoring codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in apple with blends of ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate and codlemone. Environmental Entomology. 34(3):598-603.
Use of (E,z)-2,4-Decadienoic Acid in Codling Moth Management. 1. Improved Monitoring in Bartlett Pear with High Dose Lures - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M. 2004. Use of (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoic acid in codling moth management: Improved monitoring in Bartlett pear with high dose lures. Journal of British Columbia Entomological Society. 101:45-52
Improved Deposition and Performance of a Microencapsulated Sex Pheromone Formulation for Codling Moth (Lepidoptera:tortricidae)with a Low Volume Application - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Larsen, T.E. 2004. Improved deposition and performance of a microencapsulated sex pheromone formulation for codling moth (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae)with a low volume application. Journal of British Columbia Entomological Society. 101:79-86.
Managing Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with An Internal Grid of Either Aerosol Puffers Or Dispenser Clusters Plus Border Applications of Individual Dispensers - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2004. Managing codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with an internal grid of either aerosol puffers or dispenser clusters plus border applications of individual dispensers. Journal of British Columbia Entomological Society. 101:69-77.
Use of (E,z)-2,4-Decadienoic Acid in Codling Moth Management. 3. Kairomone Species Specificity - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M. 2004. Use of (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoic acid in codling moth management: Kairomone species specificity. Journal of British Columbia Entomological Society. 101:61-67.
Stimulation of Oviposition by Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Exposed to Ethyl (2e,4z)-2,4-Decadienoate - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M. 2004. Stimulation of oviposition by codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) exposed to ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate. Journal of British Columbia Entomological Society. 101:53-60.
Monitoring Codling Moth in Four Pear Cultivars with the Pear Ester - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Van Buskirk, P., Hilton, R.J., Zoller, B.G., Light, D.M. 2005. Monitoring codling moth in four pear cultivars with the pear ester. Acta Horticulturae. 671:565-570.
Novel Kairomone-Related Technologies Enhance Pheromone And/or Insecticide Based Management of Codling Moth and Corn Rootworms - (Abstract Only)
Lingren, B., Light, D.M., Knight, A.L., Chicon, L., Fernandez, D., Chandler, L.D., Behle, R.W. 2004. Novel kairomone-related technologies enhance pheromone and/or insecticide based management of codling moth and corn rootworms [abstract]. National Entomological Society of America Meeting. Abstract No. 0431.
Kairomone-Augmented Mating Disruption Control for Codling Moth in Californian Walnuts and Apples. - (Proceedings)
Light, D.M., Knight, A.L. 2006. Kairomone-augmented mating disruption control for codling moth in californian walnuts and apples. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (Abstract for Conference Proceedings).
Codling Moth Management: from I.H.E.L.P to M.A.P.S to A.K.I.S.S - (Proceedings)
Knight, A.L. 2006. Codling moth management: from I.H.E.L.P. to M.A.P.S. to A.K.I.S.S. IOBC/WRPS Bulletin 28(7): 289-292.
Rainfastness of a Microencapsulated Sex Pheromone Formulation for Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Larsen, T.E., Ketner, K.C. 2004. Rainfastness of a microencapsulated sex pheromone. Journal of Economic Entomology. 97:1987-1992.
Efficacy of Codling Moth Granulovirus: Effect of Adjuvants on Persistence of Activity and Comparison with Other Larvicides in a Pacific Northwest Apple Orchard - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lacey, L.A., Arthurs, S.P., Knight, A.L., Becker, K., Headrick, H.L. 2004. Efficacy of codling moth granulovirus: effect of adjuvants on persistence of activity and comparison with other larvicides in a Pacific Northwest apple orchard. Journal of Entomological Science. 39:500-513.
Specificity of Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) for the Kairomone, Ethyl (2e, 4z)-2,4-Decadienoate: Field Bioassays with Pome Fruit Volatiles, Analog and Isomeric Compounds - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Light, D.M., Knight, A.L. 2005. Specificity of codling moth (lepidoptera: tortricidae) for the kairomone, ethyl (2e, 4z)-2,4-decadienoate: field bioassays with pome fruit volatiles, analog and isomeric compounds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 53(10):4046-4053.
Improvements in Monitoring Codling Moth - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L. 2004. Improvements in monitoring codling moth. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference. p.14.
A Forty-Year Experiment: Codling Moth's Responses to Guthion and Other Insecticides - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L. 2004. A forty-year experiment: codling moth's responses to guthion and other insecticides. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference. p.23.
Development and Testing of a New Female-Based Phenology Model for Codling Moth - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L. 2004. Development and testing of a new female-based phenology model for codling moth. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference. p.15.
How We Can Make Codling Moth Mating Disruption Work - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L. 2004. How we can make codling moth mating disruption work. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference. p.4.
Testing An Attracticide Hollow Fiber Formulation for Control of Codling Moth, Cydia Pomonella (Lepidoptera:tortricidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2004. Testing an attracticide hollow fiber formulation for control of codling moth, Cydia pomonella (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia. 100:71-78
Influence of Trap Color on the Capture of Codling Moth (Lepiodoptera:tortricidae),honeybees, and Non-Target Flies - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Miliczky, E.R. 2004. Influence of trap color on the capture of codling moth (Lepiodoptera:Tortricidae),honeybees, and non-target flies. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia. 100:65-70.
How 40 Years of Guthion Use Changed Codling Moth - (Proceedings)
Knight, A.L. 2003. How 40 years of guthion use changed codling moth. National Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting.
Effectiveness of Isomate-C Tt (Twin Tube) Using Varying Rates of Dispensers in Washington Orchards - (Proceedings)
Knobbs, C., Knight, A.L., Jenkins, J. 2003. Effectiveness of Isomate-C TT (twin tube) using varying rates of dispensers in Washington orchards. National Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting.
Insect Chemical Ecology - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
ALDRICH, J.R., BARTELT, R.J., DICKENS, J.C., KNIGHT, A.L., LIGHT, D.M., TUMLINSON III, J.H. 2003. INSECT CHEMICAL ECOLOGY RESEARCH IN THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE. PEST MANAG. SCI. 59: 777-787.
Flight Tunnel and Field Evaluations of Sticky Traps for Monitoring Codling Moth (Lepidooptera:tortricidae)in Sex Pheromone-Treated Orchards - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Larson, D.L., Christianson Jr, B.A. 2002. Flight tunnel and field evaluations of sticky traps for monitoring codling moth (Lepidooptera:Tortricidae)in sex pheromone-treated orchards. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia. 99:107-116.
Flight Tunnel and Field Evaluations of Sticky Traps for Monitoring Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Sex Pheromone-Treated Orchards - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2002. Flight tunnel and field evaluations of sticky traps for monitoring codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in sex pheromone-treated orchards. Journal of British Columbia Entomological Society. 99:107-116.
Modeling the Impact of a Sex Pheromone/kairomone Attracticide for Management of Codling Moth (Cydia Pomonella) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Potting, R.P., Light, D.M. 2002. Modeling the impact of a sex pheromone/kairomone attracticide for management of codling moth (Cydia pomonella). Acta Horticulturae. 584:215-220.
Monitoring the Seasonal Population Density of Pandemis Pyrusana (Lepidoptera:tortricidae) Within a Diverse Fruit Crop Production Area in the Yakima Valley, Wa. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2002. Monitoring the seasonal population density of Pandemis pyrusana (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae) within a diverse fruit crop production area in the Yakima Valley, WA. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia. 98:217-225.
Attractants from Bartlett Pear for Codling Moth, Cydia Pomonella (L.), Larvae Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M. 2001. Attractants from bartlett pear for codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.), larvae. Naturwissenschaften. 88:339-342.
Area Wide Management of Codling Moth and Leafrollers with Dual Sex Pheromone Dispensers: Brewster Flats 1998-2000 - (Trade Journal)
Knight, A.L., Christianson Jr, B.A., Cockfield, S., John, D. 2001. Area wide management of codling moth and leafrollers with dual sex pheromone dispensers: Brewster Flats 1998-2000. Good Fruit Grower. 52:31-33.
Impacts of Seasonal Kaolin Particle Films on Apple Pest Management - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Christianson Jr, B.A., Unruh, T.R., Puterka, G.J., Glenn, D.M. 2001. Impacts of seasonal kaolin particle films on apple pest management. The Canadian Entomologist. 133:413-428.
Applying Sex Pheromones - from Puffers to Air-Blast Sprayers - (Proceedings)
KNIGHT, A.L. APPLYING SEX PHEROMONES - FROM PUFFERS TO AIR-BLAST SPRAYERS. WASHINGTON STATE HORTICULTURE ASSOCIATION PROCEEDINGS. p. 161-163.
The Influence of Spray Application Method on the Efficacy of a Microencapsulated Sprayable Codling Moth Pheromone - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L., Larson, T. 2001. The influence of spray application method on the efficacy of a microencapsulated sprayable codling moth pheromone. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference. p. 139-140.
Monitoring Codling Moth in Apple with a Bisexual Attractant - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M., Lingren, S. 2001. Monitoring codling moth in apple with a bisexual attractant. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference. p. 1.
High Emission, Low Density Point Pheromone Sources for Management of Codling Moth and Leafrollers - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L. 2001. High emission, low density point pheromone sources for management of codling moth and leafrollers. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference. p. 135.
Tebufenozide Targeted Against Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Adults, Eggs, and Larvae - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2000. Tebufenozide targeted against codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) adults, eggs, and larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology. 93:1760-1767.
Monitoring Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with Passive Interception Traps in Sex Pheromone-Treated Apple Orchards - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L. 2000. Monitoring codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with passive interception traps in sex pheromone-treated apple orchards. Journal of Economic Entomology. 93:1744-1751.
Sub-Zero Cooling Synchronizes Post-Diapause Development of Codling Moth, Cydia Pomonella - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Neven, L.G., Ferguson, H.J., Knight, A.L. 2000. Sub-zero cooling synchronizes post-diapause development of codling moth, Cydia pomonella. CryoLetters. 21:203-214.
Baseline Monitoring of Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Larval Response to Benzoylhydrazine Insecticides - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Dunley, J., Jansson, R.K. 2001. Baseline monitoring of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) larval response to benzoylhydrazine insecticides. Journal of Economic Entomology. 94:264-270.
Particle Films for Suppression of the Codling Moth, Cydia Pomonella (L.), in Apple and Pear Orchards - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Unruh, T.R., Knight, A.L., Upton, J.E., Glenn, D.M., Puterka, G.J. 2000. Particle films for suppression of the codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.), in apple and pear orchards. Journal of Economic Entomology. 93:737-743.
Monitoring Codling Moth in Apple with a Bisexual Attractant - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L., Light, D.M., Lingren, S. 2001. Monitoring codling moth in apple with a bisexual attractant. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference. p. 1.
Effects of a Kaolin-Based Particle Film on the Obliquebanded Leafroller, Choristoneura Rosaceana (Harris), (Lepidoptera:tortricidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Unruh, T.R., Christianson Jr, B.A., Puterka, G.J., Glenn, D.M. 2000. Effects of a kaolin-based particle film on the obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris), (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 93:744-749.
Two New Developments in Monitoring Codling Moth: Better Long-Lived Lures and a Novel Bisexual Attractant - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L., Christianson Jr, B.A., Light, D.M. 2000. Two new developments in monitoring codling moth: better long-lived lures and a novel bisexual attractant. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference. p. 7-8.
The Areawide Distribution of Pandemis Leafroller among Tree Fruit Crops in the Parker Heights District - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L., Marsello, M. 2000. The areawide distribution of Pandemis leafroller among tree fruit crops in the Parker Heights district. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference. p. 85-86.
Are Puffers As Good As Hand-Applied Dispensers for Mating Disruption of Codling Moth and Oblique Banded Leafroller? - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L., Christianson Jr, B.A., Goehry, M. 2000. Are puffers as good as hand-applied dispensers for mating disruption of codling moth and oblique banded leafroller?. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference. p.103-104.
Two New Developments in Monitoring Codling Moth: Better Long-Lived Lures and a Novel Bisexual Attractant - (Abstract Only) - (10-Dec-99)
Brewster Area Wide Management of Oblique Banded Leafroller and Codling Moth: Year 2 - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L., Christianson Jr, B.A., Cockfield, S., Dunley, J. 2000. Brewster area wide management of oblique banded leafroller and codling moth: year 2. Western Orchard Pest and Disease Management Conference. p. 21.
Spatial Versus Sociological-Based Pest Management: Biological and Economic Constraints - (Abstract Only)
Knight, A.L. 1999. Spatial versus sociological-based pest management: biological and economic constraints. Washington State Horticulture Association Proceedings. p.167-168.
Effect of Mating Disruption Dispenser Placement on Trap Performance for Monitoring Codling Moth (Lepidoptera:tortricidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Knight, A.L., Croft, B.A., Bloem, K.A. 1999. Effect of mating disruption dispenser placement on trap performance for monitoring codling moth (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae). Journal of British Columbia Entomological Society. 96: 95-102.
Microbial Control of Lepidopterous Pests of Apple Orchards - (Book / Chapter)
Lacey, L.A., Knight, A.L., Huber, J. 1999. Microbial control of Lepidopterous pests of apple orchards. Chapter 19 in Field Manual of Techniques in Insect Pathology. p.521-545.
ARS News Articles
Last Modified: 12/22/2014
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