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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

William L Bruckart (Bill)
Foreign Disease-Weed Science
Research Plant Pathologist

Phone: (301) 619-2846
Fax: (301) 619-2880
Room 138
1301 DITTO AVENUE
BLDG 1301
FORT DETRICK, MD, 21702-5023

Projects
DISCOVERY AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PLANT PATHOGENS FOR BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF INVASIVE WEEDS FROM THEIR NATIVE RANGE
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 420470
Identification of Invasive Species within Rubus Fruticosus Aggregate Occurring in the Pacific Northwest and California, USA
Specific Cooperative Agreement (S)
  Accession Number: 425196

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Characterization and evaluation of target and host: Ramularia crupinae, a candidate for biological control of two varieties of Crupina vulgaris in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bruckart, W.L., Eskandari, F., Berner, D.K. 2014. Characterization and evaluation of target and host: Ramularia crupinae, a candidate for biological control of two varieties of Crupina vulgaris in the United States. Mycoscience. 71:40-48.
First Report of Leaf Necrosis on Microstegium vimineum caused by Bipolaris microstegii in Maryland - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bruckart, W.L., Eskandari, F., Lane, W. 2014. First Report of Leaf Necrosis on Microstegium vimineum caused by Bipolaris microstegii in Maryland. Plant Disease. doi:org/10.1094/PDIS-11-13-1122PDN.
First report of Pilidium concavum causing leaf necrosis on Fallopia japonica in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bruckart, W.L., Eskandari, F., Coombs, E.M., Rossman, A.Y., Palm, M.E. 2013. First report of Pilidium concavum causing leaf necrosis on Fallopia japonica in the United States. Plant Disease. 97(1):146.
Comparison of Puccinia acroptili from Eurasia and the USA - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bruckart, W.L., Eskandari, F., Berner, D.K., Aime, M.C. 2012. Comparison of Puccinia acroptili from Eurasia and the USA. Botany. 90:465-471.
Comparing predictions from mixed model equations with host range determinations from historical disease evaluation data of two previously released weed biological control pathogens - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Berner, D.K., Bruckart, W.L. 2012. Comparing predictions from mixed model equations with host range determinations from historical disease evaluation data of two previously released weed biological control pathogens. Biological Control. 60:207-215.
Field damage to yellow starthistle infected by Synchytrium solstitiale, and greenhouse maintenance and host range of the fungus - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Eskandari, F., Bruckart, W.L., Widmer, T.L. 2011. Field damage to yellow starthistle infected by Synchytrium solstitiale, and greenhouse maintenance and host range of the fungus. Plant Disease. DOI: 10.1094/PDis-2-11-0139.
Phenotypes of common crupina (Crupina vulgaris), synchronization of bolting, and yield effects of leaf removal and inoculation by Ramularia crupinae - (Proceedings) - (14-Feb-11)
Searching for microbial biological control candidates for invasive grasses: coupling expanded field research with strides in biotechnology and grassland restoration - (Proceedings) - (14-Feb-11)
Synchytrium solstitiale: reclassification based on the function and role of resting spores - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bruckart, W.L., Eskandari, F., Widmer, T.L. 2011. Synchytrium solstitiale: reclassification based on the function and role of resting spores. Mycologia. DOI: 10.3852/10-286.
Physiological vs. ecological host range - (Abstract Only) - (28-Nov-10)
Yellow starthistle rust: summary of release, establishment and biology in California - (Government Publication)
Woods, D.M., Bruckart, W.L., Ditomaso, J., Fisher, A.J., Gordon, T., O'Brien, J., Pitcairn, M., Popescu, V., Smith, L., Villegas, B., Yribe, A. 2010. Yellow starthistle rust: summary of release, establishment and biology in California. In D.M. Woods (ed.), Biological Control 2009 Annual Summary. California Department of Food and Agriculture, Plant Heath and Pest Prevention Services, Sacramento, California, pp.43-40.
Six Species of Salsola tumbleweeds (Russian thistle) in the Western USA and Prospects for their Control - (Abstract Only)
Smith, L., Hrusa, G., Gaskin, J.F., Bruckart, W.L., Berner, D.K., Cristofaro, M. 2010. Six Species of Salsola tumbleweeds (Russian thistle) in the Western USA and Prospects for their Control. Weed Science Society of America Meeting Abstracts.
Life cycle of Puccinia acroptili - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bruckart, W.L., Eskandari, F., Berner, D.K., Aime, M.C. 2009. Life cycle of Puccinia acroptili. Mycologia. 102(1):62-68.
Best linear unbiased prediction of host range of the facultative parasite Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. salsolae, a potential biological control agent of Russian thistle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Berner, D.K., Bruckart, W.L., Cavin, C.A., Michael, J.L., Carter, M.L., Luster, D.G. 2009. Best linear unbiased prediction of host range of the facultative parasite Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. salsolae, a potential biological control agent of Russian thistle. Biological Control. 158-168.
Susceptibility of Yellow Starthistle to Puccinia jaceae var. solstitialis and Greenhouse Production of Inoculum for Classical Biological Control Programs - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Woods, D.M., Bruckart, W.L., Pitcairn, M., Popescu, V., O'Brien, J. 2009. Susceptibility of Yellow Starthistle to Puccinia jaceae var. solstitialis and Greenhouse Production of Inoculum for Classical Biological Control Programs. Biological Control. 50:275-280.
Greenhouse germination and characterization of Synchytrium solstitiale resting spores - (Abstract Only)
Eskandari, F., Bruckart, W.L. 2009. Greenhouse germination and characterization of Synchytrium solstitiale resting spores. Phytopathology. 99(6, Supplement): S203.
Life cycle of Uromyces salsolae, a candidate fungal biological control agent for Salsola tragus (Russian thistle) - (Abstract Only)
Cavin, C.A., Berner, D.K., Bruckart, W.L. 2009. Life cycle of Uromyces salsolae, a candidate fungal biological control agent for Salsola tragus (Russian thistle). Phytopathology. 99:S203.
Risk assessment and stakeholder perceptions in novel biological control agent release: YST as a case study - (Abstract Only)
Bruckart, W.L., Warner, K.D. 2009. Risk assessment and stakeholder perceptions in novel biological control agent release: YST as a case study. Phytopathology. 99(6):S175.
Life cycle of Puccinia crupinae, a candidate fungal biological control agent for Crupina vulgaris - (Abstract Only)
Eskandari, F., Bruckart, W.L. 2009. Life cycle of Puccinia crupinae, a candidate fungal biological control agent for Crupina vulgaris. Phytopathology. 99(6):533.
Mixed model analysis combining disease ratings and DNA sequences to determine host range of Uromyces salsolae for biological control of Russian thistle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Berner, D.K., Bruckart, W.L., Cavin, C.A., Michael, J.L. 2009. Mixed model analysis combining disease ratings and DNA sequences to determine host range of Uromyces salsolae for biological control of Russian thistle. Biological Control. 49:68-76.
Protocol for maintenance of Synchytrium solstitiale, cause of false rust on yellow starthistle, under greenhouse conditions - (Abstract Only)
Eskandari, F., Bruckart, W.L., Widmer, T.L. 2008. Protocol for maintenance of Synchytrium solstitiale, cause of false rust on yellow starthistle, under greenhouse conditions. Phytopathology. 98(6,Supplement)S214-215
First Report of Crown Gall Caused by Agrobacterium sp. on Diffuse Knapweed (Centaurea diffusa) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Eskandari, F., Bruckart, W.L., Schaad, N.W., Sechler, A.J., Postnikova, E.N., Caesar, A.J., Coombs, E. 2008. First Report of Crown Gall Caused by Agrobacterium sp. on Diffuse Knapweed (Centaurea diffusa). Plant Disease. 92:487.
Monitoring the rust fungus Puccinia jaceae var. solstitialis for biological control of yellow starthistle - (Proceedings) - (20-Nov-07)
Latent period and viability of Puccinia jaceae var. solstitialis urediniospores; implications for biological control of yellow starthistle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Fisher, A.J., Woods, D.M., Smith, L., Bruckart, W.L. 2007. Latent period and viability of Puccinia jaceae var. solstitialis urediniospores; implications for biological control of yellow starthistle. Biological Control 45:146-153.
Host range determination of Uromyces salsolae from Russian thistle - (Abstract Only)
Cavin, C.A., Bruckart, W.L. 2007. Host range determination of Uromyces salsolae from Russian thistle. Phytopathology. 97(7, Supplement): S19
First Report of Puccinia lagenophorae on Common Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) in Canada - (Abstract Only)
Bruckart, W.L., Mcclay, A., Hambleton, S., Tropiano, R., Hill-Rackette, G. 2007. First Report of Puccinia lagenophorae on Common Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) in Canada . Annual Meeting of the Canadian Society of Plant Physiologists, Plant Biology. Proceedings - Plant Canda, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
First Report of Puccinia lagenophorae on Common Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) in Canada - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bruckart, W.L., Mcclay, A., Hambleton, S., Tropiano, R., Hill-Rackette, G. 2007. First Report of Puccinia lagenophorae on Common Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) in Canada. Plant Disease. 91:1058-1058.
A Quarter of a Century of Contributions from the FDWSRU in Biological Control of Weeds - (Abstract Only)
Bruckart, W.L., Berner, D.K., Luster, D.G. 2007. A quarter of a century of contributions from the fdwsru in biological control of weeds. International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds.
Developing an optimal release strategy for the rust fungus Puccinia jaceae var. solstitialis for biological control of Centaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Fisher, A.J., Woods, D.M., Smith, L., Bruckart, W.L. 2007. Developing an optimal release strategy for the rust fungus Puccinia jaceae var. solstitialis for biological control of Centaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle). Biological Control. 42:161-171.
Crosses between pycnia of Puccinia acroptili from the United States, Russia, and Turkey - (Abstract Only)
Eskandari, F., Bruckart, W.L. 2008. Crosses between pycnia of Puccinia acroptili from the United States, Russia, and Turkey. Phytopathology. 97 (7, Supplement):S184
Trans-Atlantic Opportunities for Collaboration on Classical Biological Control of Weeds with Plant Pathogens - (Abstract Only)
Berner, D.K., Bruckart, W.L. 2007. Trans-Atlantic Opportunities for Collaboration on Classical Biological Control of Weeds with Plant Pathogens. International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. p. 176
First Report of Puccinia Jaceae Var. Solstitialis Pycnia on Yellow Starthistle in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Fisher, A.J., Bruckart, W.L., Mcmahon, M., Luster, D.G., Smith, L. 2006. First report of puccinia jaceae var. solstitialis pycnia on yellow starthistle in the United States. Plant Disease.90:1362.
Puccinia Acroptili on Russian Knapweed in Colorado, Montana and Wyoming - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bruckart, W.L., Eskandari, F., Littlefield, J., Becktell, M., Aime, M.C., Bean, D., Sands, D., Pilgeram, A. 2006. Puccinia acroptili on russian knapweed in colorado, montana and wyoming. Plant Disease. 90:971.
Common Crupina from the United States Is Variable in Susceptibility to Puccinia Crupinae - (Abstract Only)
Bruckart, W.L., Eskandari, F., Berner, D.K., Lesser, K. 2006. Common crupina from the united states is variable in susceptibility to puccinia crupinae. Phytopathology. 96:S17.
Discovery of Cercosporella Leaf Spot on Russian Knapweed in Montana - (Abstract Only)
Bruckart, W.L., Eskandari, F., Littlefield, J., Mcmahon, M.B., Luster, D.G. 2006. Discovery of cercosporella leaf spot on russian knapweed in montana. Phytopathology. 96:S191.
Host Range Determination of Collectotrichum Gloeosporioides from Russian Thistle - (Abstract Only)
Bruckart, W.L., Cavin, C.A. 2006. Host range determination of collectotrichum gloeosporioides from russian thistle. Phytopathology. 96:S190
First Report of Leaf Spot Caused by a Cercosporella Sp. on Acroptilon Repens in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Eskandari, F., Bruckart, W.L., Littlefield, J., Mcmahon, M.B. 2006. First report of leaf spot caused by a cercosporella sp. on acroptilon repens in the united states. Plant Disease. 90:833(on-line as DOI: 10.1094/Pd-90-0833B).
Supplemental Risk Evaluations of Puccinia Jaceae Var. Solstitialis for Biological Control of Yellow Starthistle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bruckart, W.L. 2006. Supplemental risk evaluations of puccinia jaceae var. solstitialis. Biological Control 37:359-366 for biological control of yellow starthistle. Biological Control.
Biological Control of Yellow Starthistle with the Rust Fungus Puccinia Jaceae - (Abstract Only) - (03-Feb-06)
First Report of Phragmidium Violaceum Infecting Himalya and Evergreen Blackberries in North America - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Osterbauer, N., Trippe, A., French, K., McKemy, J., Bruckart, W.L., Peerbolt, T., Kaufman, D., Aime, M.C. 2005. First report of Phragmidium violaceum infecting Himalya and evergreen blackberries in North America. Plant Health Progress. Online. Plant Health Progress doi:10.1094/PHP-2005-0923-01-BR.
A New, Aggressive Rust Fungus from Turkey Is a Candidate for Biological Control of Russian Knapweed - (Other)
Phytopathology 95:S14
A Decision Tree for Evaluations of Exotic Plant Pathogens for Biological Control of Invasive Weeds - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Biological Control 34:222-232
Deployment of Puccinia Jaceae for Biological Control of Yellow Starthistle in California - (Abstract Only)
Bruckart, W.L., Luster, D.G., Villegas, B., Woods, D. 2005. Deployment of puccinia jaceae for biological control of yellow starthistle in california. Weed Science Society of America Meeting Abstracts, in Lawrence, KS.
Re-Evaluation of Paraquat in Assessing Risk of a Candidate Weed Biological Control Agent - (Abstract Only)
Proceedings. Northeastern Weed Science Society 60: (in press)
Biological Control of Yellow Starthistle: New Prospects for An Old Problem. - (Abstract Only)
Smith, L., Cristofaro, M., Pitcairn, M., Bruckart, W.L., Woods, D., Widmer, T.L., Berner, D.K., Drew, A.E. 2004. Biological control of yellow starthistle: new prospects for an old problem.. Ecological Society of America Proceedings.
Two Flies Suspected in Greenhouse Spread of Phoma Exigua on Acroptilon Repens - (Abstract Only)
Phytopathology 95:S156
What Are the Implications of a Foreign Hemibiotrophic Fungus for Biological Control of Weeds - (Abstract Only)
Phytopathology 95(6, supplement):S155
Status of Puccinia Jaceae in 2004 Biological Control of Yellow Starthistle in California - (Abstract Only)
Bruckart, W.L., Luster, D.G., Woods, .D. 2004. Status of puccinia jaceae in 2004 biological control of yellow starthistle in california. Phytopathology. 94:S12.
Release of Puccinia Jaceae for Biological Control of Yellow Starthistle - (Abstract Only)
Bruckart, W.L., Luster, D.G., Woods, D. 2004. Release of puccinia jaceae for biological control of yellow starthistle. Weed Science Society of America Meeting Abstracts, in Lawrence, KS. Abstract #222.
Risk Analysis: Case History of Puccinia Jaceae on Yellow Starthistle - (Abstract Only)
BRUCKART, W.L. RISK ANALYSIS: CASE HISTORY OF PUCCINIA JACEAE ON YELLOW STARTHISTLE. PROCEEDINGS USDA NATIONAL FORUM. 2003.
Differential Susceptibility of Salsola Tragus to Colletotrichum Gloeosporides and Uromyces Salsolae - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
BRUCKART, W.L., CAVIN, C.A., SOBHIAN, R., VAJNA, L., SCHWARCZINGER, I., RYAN, F.J., HASAN, S. DIFFERENTIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY OF SALSOLA TRAGUS TO COLLETOTRICHUM GLOEOSPORIDES AND UROMYCES SALSOLAE. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. 2003.
Plant Pathology and Biological Control of Invasive Weeds - (Book / Chapter)
BRUCKART, W.L., BERNER, D.K., CAESAR, A.J., WIDMER, T.L. PLANT PATHOLOGY AND BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF INVASIVE WEEDS. Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the United States. In Plant Pathology and Biological Control of Invasive Weeds. E.M. Combs, J.K. Clark, G.L. Piper, and A.F. Cofrancesco (EDS). Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, OR. 2004.
Puccinia Lagenophorae for Biological Control of Common Groundsel in the United States: Potential and Concerns - (Abstract Only)
BRUCKART, W.L., SENESAC, A. PUCCINIA LAGENOPHORAE FOR BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF COMMON GROUNDSEL IN THE UNITED STATES: POTENTIAL AND CONCERNS. Phytopathology. 93:S123. 2003.
Removal of Approved Biological Control Candidates from a Containment Greenhouse Environment - (Abstract Only)
BRUCKART, W.L. REMOVAL OF APPROVED BIOLOGICAL CONTROL CANDIDATES FROM A CONTAINMENT GREENHOUSE ENVIRONMENT. INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PLANT PATHOLOGY ABSTRACTS AND PROCEEDINGS. 2003.
Puccinia Lagenophorae: Invasive Or Beneficial? - (Abstract Only)
Bruckart, W.L. 2004. Puccinia lagenophorae: invasive or beneficial?. American Phytopathological Society Potomac Division Meeting. 94:S142.
A Spinach Isolate of Colletotrichum Dematium from the United States and Risk Assessment of C. Gloeosporioides from Russian Thistle in Hungary - (Abstract Only)
CAVIN, C.A., BRUCKART, W.L. A SPINACH ISOLATE OF COLLETOTRICHUM DEMATIUM FROM THE UNITED STATES AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF C. GLOEOSPORIOIDES FROM RUSSIAN THISTLE IN HUNGARY. Phytopathology. 93:S123. 2003.
A New Isolate of Ramularia Crupinae for Biological Control of Common Crupina - (Abstract Only)
Eskandari, F., Bruckart, W.L. 2004. A new isolate of ramularia crupinae for biological control of common crupina. American Phytopathological Society Potomac Division Meeting. 94:S142.
Regulatory Approval Processes for Release of Puccinia Spp. for Biological Control of Carduus and Centaurea Spp. in the United States - (Proceedings)
Bruckart, W.L., Luster, D.G. 2004. Regulatory approval processes for release of puccinia spp. for biological control of carduus and centaurea spp. in the united states. International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia, p. 648.
Genotyping of Pathogens with Potential for Biological Control of Invasive Weeds - (Proceedings)
LUSTER, D.G., BRUCKART, W.L., YOURMAN, L., MCMAHON, M.B. GENOTYPING OF PATHOGENS WITH POTENTIAL FOR BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF INVASIVE WEEDS. XI International Symposium of biological Control of Weeds. p118, #68. 2003.
Current Events and the Importation of Foreign Plant Pathogens for Weed Biological Control - (Abstract Only)
BRUCKART, W.L., BERNER, D.K., LUSTER, D.G. CURRENT EVENTS AND THE IMPORTATION OF FOREIGN PLANT PATHOGENS FOR WEED BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ABSTRACTS. 43:59. 2003.
Fungicide Control of the Biological Control Candidate Colletotrichum Gloesporioides on Spinach - (Abstract Only)
Bruckart, W.L., Cavin, C.A. 2004. Fungicide control of the biological control candidate colletotrichum gloesporioides on spinach. Proceedings of Northeastern Weed Science Society. 58:160.
Greenhouse Evaluation of Cercosporella Acroptili for Biological Control of Russian Knapweed - (Abstract Only)
Eskandari, F., Bruckart, W.L. 2004. Greenhouse evaluation of cercosporella acroptili for biological control of russian knapweed. Proceedings of Northeastern Weed Science Society. 58:162.
Issues of Puccinia Lagenophorae and Biological Control of Common Groundsel in the United States - (Abstract Only)
BRUCKART, W.L. ISSUES OF PUCCINIA LAGENOPHORAE AND BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF COMMON GROUNDSEL IN THE UNITED STATES. PROCEEDINGS OF NORTHEASTERN WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY. 57:164. 2003.
The Occurrence of Common Groundsel Rust on the East Coast of the United States - (Abstract Only)
BRUCKART, W.L., NEAL, J., SENESAC, A., TRAVIS, M. THE OCCURRENCE OF COMMON GROUNDSEL RUST ON THE EAST COAST OF THE UNITED STATES. PROCEEDINGS OF NORTHEASTERN WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY. 57:119. 2003.
Issues of Puccinia Lagenophorae and Biological Control of Common Groundsel in the United States - (Abstract Only)
BRUCKART, W.L. ISSUES OF PUCCINIA LAGENOPHORAE AND BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF COMMON GROUNDSEL IN THE UNITED STATES. WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ABSTRACTS. 57:164. 2003.
A Phoma Sp. That Kills Common Crupina (Crupina Vulgaris) - (Abstract Only)
ESKANDARI, F., MCMAHON, M.B., BRUCKART, W.L. A PHOMA SP. THAT KILLS COMMON CRUPINA (CRUPINA VULGARIS). PROCEEDINGS OF NORTHEASTERN WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY. 57:120. 2003.
First Report of Musk Thistle Rust (Puccinia Carduorum) in California and Nevada - (Research Notes)
WOODS, D., PITCAIRN, M., LUSTER, D.G., BRUCKART, W.L. FIRST REPORT OF MUSK THISTLE RUST (PUCCINIA CARDUORUM) IN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA. PLANT DISEASE. 86:814. 2002.
First Report of Silybum Marianum As a Host of Puccinia Punctiformis - (Research Notes)
BERNER, D.K., PAXSON, L.K., BRUCKART, W.L., LUSTER, D.G., MCMAHON, M.B., MICHAEL, J.L. FIRST REPORT OF SILYBUM MARIANUM AS A HOST OF PUCCINIA PUNCTIFORMIS. PLANT DISEASE. 86:1271. 2002.
History of Biological Controls - (Book / Chapter)
BRUCKART, W.L. HISTORY OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROLS. pp 373-375 IN ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PEST MANAGEMENT. Dekker, NY. 2002.
Comparison of North American and Eurasian Yellow Starthistle Populations Using Aflp Fragment Pattern Analysis - (Proceedings)
Luster, D.G., Bruckart, W.L., Pitcairn, M., Cristafaro, M. 2001. Comparison of north american and eurasian yellow starthistle populations using AFLP fragment pattern analysis. Western Society of Weed Science Meeting .Proceedings of "The First International Knapweed Symposium of the Twenty-First Centuary." p. 88.
DNA Fingerprinting of Weed Pathogens for Biological Control - (Abstract Only) - (20-Jan-97)
Safety of Microorganisms Intended for Pest and Plant Disease Control: a Framework for Scientific Evaluation - (Review Article) - (02-Jul-96)
Polymorphic Restriction Patterns of Ribosomal Internal Transcribed Spacers in the Biocontrol Fungus Puccinia Carduorum Correlate with Weed Host Origin - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (07-Jun-96)
Susceptibility of Carduus, Cirsium, and Cynara Species Artificially Inoculated with Puccinia Carduorum from Musk Thistle - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (22-Aug-95)
Water Stress and Damage Caused by Puccinia Jaceae on Two Centaurea Species - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (10-May-95)
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Last Modified: 7/23/2014
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