Plant Diseases That Threaten
Identified and Prepared For Under the
National Plant Disease Recovery System
The National Plant Disease Recovery System (NPDRS) is called for in Homeland Security Presidential Directive Number 9 (HSPD-9) which was issued in February of 2004. The purpose of the NPDRS is to ensure that the tools, infrastructure, communication networks, and capacity required to mitigate the impact of high consequence plant disease outbreaks are such that a reasonable level of crop production is maintained in the U.S.
Each recovery plan listed below is intended to provide a brief primer on a threatening disease, assess the status of critical recovery components, and identify disease management research, extension, and education needs for that disease. These recovery plans are not intended to be stand-alone documents that address all of the many and varied aspects of a plant disease outbreak and all of the decisions that must be made and actions taken to achieve effective response and recovery. They are, however, documents that will help USDA and others guide efforts directed toward preparation for and recovery from new plant diseases in the U.S.
The plans are a cooperative effort of university, industry, and government scientists sponsored by The American Phytopathological Society (APS) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). The pathogens discussed in these plans have been nominated as critical threats to U.S. agricultural production and reviewed at annual workshops of APS and USDA held in April of 2006, April of 2007, October of 2008, and March of 2011. The content and recommendations of those meetings can be viewed at http://www.apsnet.org/meetings/topicalmeetings/NPDRS/Pages/default.aspx.
Table 1. Recovery plans completed, being developed, and completed but being updated.
*Completed and completed but being updated recovery plans are linked to this site.
Two overriding concerns discussed at our annual workshops are how to deal with the thousands of documented and ever increasing list of exotic diseases and pests that may enter the United States and how to prepare for those threats that are yet unknown? One possible solution is the development of generic recovery plans that will cover groups of pathogens and pests based on a core set of common attributes. These generic recovery plans would account for all types of pathogens that could arrive or emerge and would serve as the templates to which agent-specific and system-relevant information could be added to optimize the utility of the plan. When a new pathogen is detected, one of the generic plans could be used to quickly assemble a new, agent-specific recovery plan. How many and what types of generic recovery plans are needed will be determined and validated. The existing list of NPDRS recovery plans provides a good start. Future APS/USDA workshops are planned to resolve this issue and to develop new plans.
Please direct any questions or comments concerning NPDRS to Julius Fajardo.