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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ALLIUM, CUCUMIS, AND DAUCUS GERMPLASM ENHANCEMENT, GENETICS, AND BIOCHEMISTRY

Location: Vegetable Crops Research Unit

Project Number: 3655-21000-048-00
Project Type: Appropriated

Start Date: Mar 12, 2008
End Date: Mar 11, 2013

Objective:
Objective 1: Determine the genetic basis of and initiate selection for carrot, onion, cucumber, and melon quality attributes influencing human nutrition and health, disease resistances, and yield and quality components, and stress tolerance in cucurbits, and perform field performance and quality trials. Objective 2: Utilize current biotechnology to discover and evaluate genetic variation and to map agriculturally important traits in Allium, Cucurbit, and Daucus germplasm, and to develop genetic and breeding stocks. Sub-objective 2.A. Construct genetic maps of nuclear and organellar genomes using candidate genes, SCARs, SSRs, SNPs, transposon insertions, BACs, and cytogenetic stocks. Sub-objective 2.B. Fine map pigment and carbohydrate genes in carrot and onion, resistance genes for nematode in carrot and viruses in cucurbits, and epistasis, yield and quality components in cucumber. Sub-objective 2.C. Perform marker-assisted selection of carrot nematode resistance, onion male sterility, and cucurbit yield and quality. Sub-objective 2.D. Evaluate transgene escape in cucurbits. Sub-objective 2.E. Determine transposon mobility in carrot.

Approach:
The long-term potential for improving a crop is only as great as the breadth of diversity that breeders utilize. Objective 1 targets evaluation and genetic characterization of carrot, onion, cucumber, and melon germplasm for traits important to growers and consumers. Discovery Goal 1 - Identify unique phenotypic variation in germplasm collections and breeding stocks to improve nutritional and processing quality, disease resistance, stress tolerance, and yield of Allium, Cucurbit, and Daucus vegetables, genetically characterize observed variation and initiate genetic incorporation of these phenotypes into elite germplasms. Many biotechnological tools have been developed to improve the efficiency of crop improvement. Objective 2 evaluates and develops these tools of carrot, onion, cucumber, and melon improvement. Identify adequate DNA polymorphisms in elite onion, cucumber, melon, and carrot germplasm to construct genetic maps for marker-facilitated selection of major horticultural traits. Discovery Goal 2.A – Identify adequate DNA polymorphisms in elite onion, cucumber, melon, and carrot germplasm to construct genetic maps for marker-facilitated selection of major horticultural traits. Discovery Goal 2.B – Evaluate variation at candidate genes in pigment and carbohydrate biochemical pathways for mapping in onion, cucurbit, and carrot. Discovery Goal 2.C – Identify and utilize markers to accurately identify desirable genotypes for male sterility restoration in onion, cucurbit yield, and carrot nematode resistance. Discovery Goal 2.D – Appraise the potential benefit(s) that transgenes might confer on transgenic populations using the ELISA test to estimate the degree of viral infection in wild populations and to determine the potential risk of virus gene introgression from commercial transgenic cultivation. Discovery Goal 2.E - Determine if native transposable elements in the carrot genome, such as DcMaster, and introduced ones, such as maize elements Ac and Ds transpose to new chromosomal regions. BSL-1; Recertified through August 5, 2012. Certificate #SC09-161R.

Last Modified: 4/21/2014
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