Location: Food Surveys
2012 Annual Report
Objective 1: Ensure that current functionality of the data output from Food Surveys Research Group is not compromised, including continuation of the second day of dietary surveillance and timely release of FNDDS and other databases.
Objective 2: Conduct an independent and outside evaluation of the IT capabilities of the Food Surveys Research Group and the associated use of the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference with respect to the ability to acquire, maintain and release data in a timely fashion and in multiple formats needed by the customers.
Objective 3: Implement changes to update and modernize the IT infrastructure underlying the Food Surveys Research Group.
Approach 1. Continue to review data sets for their completeness and accuracy. Continue to work with NCHS to monitor collection of dietary information, including electronic monitoring for second day collection.
Approach 2: Identify knowledgeable individuals with expertise in information technologies to serve as consultants about future needs for evaluating essential and non-essential food components in the foods eaten by Americans.
Approach 3. Change hardware and software as appropriate to ensure access to high quality information about the eating behaviors of Americans.
FSRG is conducting quality control oversight for dietary intake data collection, coding, and processing for WWEIA 2012. Additionally, the 2011 dietary data were reviewed and edited. An extensive review and update of the USDA Automated Multiple-Pass Method (AMPM), the method used to collect 24-hour dietary recall in WWEIA, was completed for implementation in 2013. To assure that dietary methodology reflect important changes in the U.S. food market, selected food categories were reviewed and the AMPM and related databases were updated. The review assessed and updated about one-third of the foods and beverages reported in WWEIA, NHANES. Stakeholder outreach on WWEIA dietary data was conducted in several venues by FSRG scientists. Analysis of the 2009-2010 WWEIA data is underway to construct dietary data briefs for release on the FSRG Web site in 2013 and for research papers.
The Food Intake as Retail Commodities Database (FICRCD), documentation, and summary data tables for use with the WWEIA 2003-2004 were completed and are in peer review. FICRCD for WWEIA 2005-2006 is being completed. These databases, developed in collaboration with the Economic Research Service, define foods reported in national dietary surveys by 65 unique retail food commodities in order to report on food consumption by those commodities.
The Food Patterns Equivalents Database (FPED) corresponds with specific 2-year data releases of WWEIA, NHANES to provide the analytical basis for researchers to evaluate diets based on the recommendations of the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA). An assessment and redesign of the process for developing the database with the underlying purpose of being able to provide the FPED in a more timely manner and reflect the changes based on the 2010 DGA is underway.
Quarterly meetings were held with FPED immediate users (NCI and CNPP) to provide review and input into the strategic changes for retooling and redesign of FPED. The new process was applied to WWEIA, NHANES 2007-2008 data, and final quality control checks and reviews of the data are underway.
FSRG, in collaboration with NDL, has identified a list of approximately 130 sentinel foods to be monitored as primary indicators of changes in the sodium content of the food supply and sodium intake of the U.S. population. The sentinel foods list and documentation are in peer review.
WWEIA Food Categories, a scheme of more than 100 categories to group foods in the FNDDS that can readily be used for food consumption analysis by researchers, was developed and peer reviewed. They will be finalized and released on the FSRG web site in 2013.
Hoy, M.K., Goldman, J.D., Murayi, T., Rhodes, D.G., Moshfegh, A.J. 2011. Sodium intake of the U.S. population: What We Eat In America, NHANES 2007-2008. Worldwide Web Site: Food Surveys Research Group. Available: www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=19476.
Chester, D.N., Goldman, J.D., Ahuja, J.K., Moshfegh, A.J. 2011. Dietary intakes of choline: What We Eat In America, NHANES 2007-2008. Worldwide Web Site: Food Surveys Research Group. Available: www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.html?docid=19476.
LaComb, R.P., Sebastian, R.S., Enns, C.W., Goldman, J.D. 2011. Beverage choices of U.S. adults: What We Eat In America, NHANES 2007-2008. Worldwide Web Site: Food Surveys Research Group. Available: www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=19476.
Sebastian, R.S., Enns, C.W., Goldman, J.D. 2011. Drinking water intake in the U.S.: What We Eat In America, NHANES 2005-2008. Worldwide Web Site: Food Surveys Research Group. Available: www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=19476.
Sebastian, R.S., Enns, C.W., Goldman, J.D., Moshfegh, A.J. 2012. Change in methodology for collection of drinking water intake in What We Eat In America/National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: Implications for analysis. Public Health Nutrition. 15(7):1190-1195. DOI: 10.1017/S1368980012000316.
Sebastian, R.S., Enns, C.W., Steinfeldt, L.C., Goldman, J.D., Moshfegh, A.J. 2012. Discontinuation of data processing step: Salt adjustment on designated foods likely to be home prepared. Worldwide Web Site: Food Surveys Research Group. Available: www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=18352.
Anand, J., Goldman, J.D., Steinfeldt, L.C., Montville, J.B., Heendeniya, K.Y., Omolewa-Tomobi, G., Enns, C.W., Ahuja, J.K., Martin, C.L., LaComb, R.P., Moshfegh, A.J. 2012. What We Eat In America, NHANES 2009-2010: Documentation and Data Files. Worldwide Web Site: Food Surveys Research Group. Available: http://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=18349
Rhodes, D.G., Clemens, J.C., Goldman, J.D., LaComb, R.P., Moshfegh, A.J. 2012. 2009-2010 What We Eat In America, NHANES Tables 1-36. Worldwide Web Site: Food Surveys Research Group. Available: http://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=18349.
Ahuja, J.K., Montville, J.B., Omolewa-Tomobi, G., Heendeniya, K.Y., Martin, C.L., Steinfeldt, L.C., Anand, J., Adler, M.E., LaComb, R.P., Moshfegh, A.J. 2012. The USDA Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies, 5.0. Worldwide Web Site: Food Surveys Research Group. Available: http://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=12089.
Rosner Preis, S., Spiegelman, D., Zhao, B., Moshfegh, A.J., Baer, D.J., Willett, W.C. 2011. Random and correlated errors in gold standards used in nutritional epidemiology: implications for validation studies. American Journal of Epidemiology. 173:683-94.
Stote, K.S., Moshfegh, A.J., Ingwersen, L.A., Radecki, S.V., Baer, D.J. 2011. The number of 24 h dietary recalls using the U.S. Department of Agriculture's automated multiple-pass method required to estimate nutrient intake in overweight and obese adults. Public Health Nutrition. 18:1-7.
Moshfegh, A.J., Holden, J.M., Reedy, J., Cogswell, M.E., Kuklina, E.V., Patel, S.M., Gunn, J.P., Gillespie, C., Hong, Y., Merritt, R., Galuska, D.A. 2012. Vital Signs: Food categories contributing the most to sodium consumption - United States, 2007-2008. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 61(5):92-98. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/wk/mm61e0207.pdf.
Cogswell, M.E., Zhang, Z., Carriquiry, A.L., Gunn, J.P., Kuklina, E.V., Saydah, S.H., Yang, Q., Moshfegh, A.J. 2012. Sodium and potassium intake among U.S. adults, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2008. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.112.034413.
Crane, N.T., Juan, W., Goldman, J.D., Ellwood, K.C., Schneeman, B.O. 2011. National nutrition objectives and 10-year targets: Perspectives on their basis and evolution. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 111(11):1660-1668. DOI: 10.1016/j.jada.2011.08.010.