DEVELOPMENT OF ADVANCED INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT FOR NORTHEASTERN APPLES
Appalachian Fruit Research Laboratory: Innovative Fruit Production, Improvement and Protection
Project Number: 1931-21000-019-12
Start Date: Oct 22, 2009
End Date: Feb 29, 2012
Objectives and Anticipated Impacts:
The overall objective of this project is to develop advanced, biointensive apple IPM tactics and apply them in a system to reduce pesticide reliance and lower non-target pesticide impacts. Specific objectives address seven key areas.
1. Plum curculio - use a trap tree approach to replace general orchard sprays.
2. Apple maggot - use pesticide-treated sphere traps for management rather than general orchard sprays.
3. Obliquebanded leafrollers and internal Lepidoptera - use seasonal fruit monitoring programs for optimizing insecticide treatments.
4. Eliminate organophosphates and use pesticides with fewer non-target impacts.
5. Apple scab - use potential ascospore dose, inoculum destruction and degree-day model to delay initial fungicide applications in the following season and end applications when unnecessary.
6. Sooty blotch and flyspeck - develop model-directed applications of reduced-risk fungicides.
7. Eliminate carbaryl - for fruit thinning, develop approaches that do not use carbaryl as a thinning agent.
Use a trap tree approach to replace general orchard sprays in plum curculio.
Use pesticide-treated sphere traps for management rather than general orchard sprays for apple maggot.