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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Grassland Productivity and Carbon Dynamics: Consequences of Change in Atmospheric Co2, Precipitation, and Plant Species Composition, ...

Location: Grassland, Soil and Water Research Laboratory

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Soil carbon responses to past and future CO2 in three Texas prairie soils - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
(16-Sep-14)
Climatic, ecophysiological and phenological controls on plant ecohydrological strategies in seasonally dry ecosystems - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
(29-Jun-14)
Can current moisture responses predict soil CO2 efflux under altered precipitation regimes? A synthesis of manipulation experiments     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Vicca, S., Bahn, M., Estiarte, M., van Loon, E.E., Vargas, R., Alberti, G., Ambus, P., Arain, M.A., Beier, C., Bentley, L.P., Borken, W., Buchmann, N., Collins, S.L., de Dato, G., Dukes, J.S., Escolar, C., Fay, P.A., Guidolotti, G., Hanson, P.J., Kahmen, A., Kroel-Dulay, G., Ladreiter-Knauss, T., Larsen, K.S., Lellei-Kovacs, E., Lebrija-Trejos, E., Maestre, F.T., Marhan, S., Marshall, M., Meir, P., Miao, Y., Muhr, J., Niklaus, P.A., Ogaya, R., Penuelas, J., Poll, C., Rustad, L.E., Savage, K., Schindlbacher, A., Schmidt, I.K., Smith, A.R., Sotta, E.D., Suseela, V., Tietema, A., van Gestel, N., van Straaten, O., Wan, S., Weber, U., Janssens, I.A. 2014. Can current moisture responses predict soil CO2 efflux under altered precipitation regimes? A synthesis of manipulation experiments. Biogeosciences. 11:2991-3013.
Anthropogenic-based regional-scale factors most consistently explain plot-level exotic diversity in grasslands     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
MacDougall, A.S., Bennett, J.R., Firn, J., Seabloom, E.W., Borer, E.T., Lind, E.M., Orrock, J.L., Harpole, W., Hautier, Y., Adler, P.B., Cleland, E., Davies, K., Melbourne, B., Prober, S.M., Bakker, J.D., Fay, P.A., Jin, V.L., Kendig, A., La Pierre, K.J., Moore, J., Morgan, J., Stevens, C.J. 2014. Anthropogenic-based regional-scale factors most consistently explain plot-level exotic diversity in grasslands. Global Ecology and Biogeorgraphy. 23:802-810.
Eutrophication weakens stabilizing effects of diversity in natural grasslands     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hautier, Y., Seabloom, E., Borer, E., Adler, P., Harpole, S., Hillebrand, H., Lind, E., MacDougall, A., Stevens, C., Bakker, J.D., Buckley, Y., Chu, C., Collins, S.L., Daleo, P., Damschen, E.I., Davies, K., Fay, P.A., Firn, J., Gruner, D.S., Jin, V.L., Klein, J.A., Knops, J.M., La Pierre, K.J., Li, W., McCulley, R., Melbourne, B., Moore, J.L., O'Halloran, L.R., Prober, S.M., Risch, A.C., Sankaran, M., Schuetz, M., Hector, A. 2014. Eutrophication weakens stabilizing effects of diversity in natural grasslands. Nature. 508:521-525.
Impacts of climate change drivers on C4 grassland productivity: Scaling driver effects through the plant community     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Polley, H.W., Derner, J.D., Jackson, R.B., Wilsey, B.J., Fay, P.A. 2014. Impacts of climate change drivers on C4 grassland productivity: Scaling driver effects through the plant community. Journal of Experimental Botany. 65(13):3415-3424.
Biodiversity, photosynthetic mode, and ecosystem services differ between native and novel ecosystems     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Martin, L.M., Polley, H.W., Daneshgar, P.P., Harris, M.A., Wilsey, B.J. 2014. Biodiversity, photosynthetic mode, and ecosystem services differ between native and novel ecosystems. Oecologia. 175:687-697.
Invaded grassland communities have altered stability-maintenance mechanisms but equal stability compared to native communities     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wilsey, B.J., Daneshgar, P.P., Hofmockel, K., Polley, H.W. 2014. Invaded grassland communities have altered stability-maintenance mechanisms but equal stability compared to native communities. Ecology Letters. 17:92-100.
Predicting invasion in grassland ecosystems: Is exotic dominance the real embarrassment of richness?     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Seabloom, E., Borer, E.T., Buckley, Y., Cleland, E., Davies, K., Firn, J., Harpole, S., Hautier, Y., Lind, E., Macdougall, A., Orrock, J.L., Prober, S.M., Adler, P., Alberti, J., Anderson, T.M., Bakker, J.D., Biederman, L.A., Blumenthal, D.M., Brown, C.S., Brudvig, L.A., Caldeira, M., Chu, C., Crawley, M.J., Daleo, P., Damschen, E.I., D'Antonio, C.M., Decrappeo, N.M., Dickman, C.R., Du, G., Fay, P.A., Frater, P., Gruner, D.S., Hagenah, N., Hector, A., Helm, A., Hillebrand, H., Hofmockel, K.S., Humphries, H.C., Iribarne, O., Jin, V.L., Kay, A., Kirkman, K.P., Klein, J.A., Knops, J.M., La Pierre, K.J., Ladwig, L.M., Lambrinos, J.G., Leakey, A.D., Li, Q., Li, W., McCulley, R., Melbourne, B., Mitchell, C.E., Moore, J.L., Morgan, J., Mortensen, B., O'Halloran, L.R., Partel, M., Pascual, J., Pyke, D.A., Risch, A.C., Salguero-Gomez, R., Sankaran, M., Schuetz, M., Simonsen, A., Smith, M., Stevens, C., Sullivan, L., Wardle, G.M., Wolkovich, E.M., Wragg, P.D., Wright, J., Yang, L. 2013. Predicting invasion in grassland ecosystems: Is exotic dominance the real embarrassment of richness? Global Change Biology. 19:3677-3687.
Species richness and the temporal stability of biomass production: A new analysis of recent biodiversity experiments     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gross, K., Cardinale, B.J., Fox, J.W., Gonzalez, A., Loreau, M., Polley, H.W., Reich, P.B., van Ruijven, J. 2014. Species richness and the temporal stability of biomass production: A new analysis of recent biodiversity experiments. The American Naturalist. 183(1):1-12.
The savory method can not green deserts or reverse climate change - (Review Article)
Briske, D.D., Bestelmeyer, B.T., Brown, J.R., Fuhlendorf, S.D., Polley, H.W. 2013. The savory method can not green deserts or reverse climate change. Rangelands. 35(5):72-74.
Climate change and North American rangelands: Trends, projections, and implications - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Polley, H.W., Briske, D.D., Morgan, J.A., Wolter, K., Bailey, D.W., Brown, J.R. 2013. Climate change and North American rangelands: Trends, projections, and implications. Rangeland Ecology and Management. 66(5):493-511.
Climate change and North American rangelands: Assessment of mitigation and adaptation strategies - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Joyce, L.A., Briske, D.D., Brown, J.R., Polley, H.W., McCarl, B.A., Bailey, D.W. 2013. Climate change and North American rangelands: Assessment of mitigation and adaptation strategies. Rangeland Ecology and Management. 66(5):512-528.
Genotypic variation in traits linked to climate and aboveground productivity in a widespread C4 grass: Evidence for a functional trait syndrome     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Aspinwall, M.J., Lowry, D.B., Taylor, S.H., Juenger, T.E., Hawkes, C.V., Johnson, M.V., Kiniry, J.R., Fay, P.A. 2013. Genotypic variation in traits linked to climate and aboveground productivity in a widespread C4 grass: Evidence for a functional trait syndrome. New Phytologist. 199:966-980.
The effect of subambient to elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration on vascular function in Helianthus annuus: Implications for plant response to climate change     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rico, C., Pittermann, J., Polley, H.W., Aspinwall, M., Fay, P.A. 2013. The effect of subambient to elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration on vascular function in Helianthus annuus: Implications for plant response to climate change. New Phytologist. 199:956-965.
Initial field evaluation of the agro-economic effects of determining nitrogen fertilizer rates with a recently-developed soil test methodology - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Harmel, R.D., Haney, R.L. 2013. Initial field evaluation of the agro-economic effects of determining nitrogen fertilizer rates with a recently-developed soil test methodology. Open Journal of Soil Science. 3:91-99.
Plant functional traits improve diversity-based predictions of temporal stability of grassland productivity - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Polley, H.W., Isbell, F.I., Wilsey, B.J. 2013. Plant functional traits improve diversity-based predictions of temporal stability of grassland productivity. Oikos. 122:1275-1282.
Predicting ecosystem stability from community composition and biodiversity - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
De Mazancourt, C., Isbell, F., Larocque, A., Berendse, F., De Luca, E., Grace, J.B., Haegeman, B., Polley, H.W., Roscher, C., Schmid, B., Tilman, D., Van Ruijven, J., Weigelt, A., Wilsey, B.J., Loreau, M. 2013. Predicting ecosystem stability from community composition and biodiversity. Ecology Letters. 16:617-625.
Soil-mediated effects of subambient to increased carbon dioxide on grassland productivity     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Fay, P.A., Jin, V.L., Way, D.A., Potter, K.N., Gill, R.A., Jackson, R.B., Polley, H.W. 2012. Soil-mediated effects of subambient to increased carbon dioxide on grassland productivity. Nature Climate Change. 2:742-746.
Feedback from plant species change amplifies CO2 enhancement of grassland productivity     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Polley, H.W., Jin, V.L., Fay, P.A. 2012. Feedback from plant species change amplifies CO2 enhancement of grassland productivity. Global Change Biology. 18:2813-2823.
Response to comments on "Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness"     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grace, J.B., Adler, P.B., Seabloom, E.W., Borer, E.T., Hillebrand, H., Hautier, Y., Hector, A., Harpole, W.S., O'Halloran, L.R., Anderson, T.M., Bakker, J.D., Brown, C.S., Buckley, Y.M., Collins, S.L., Cottingham, K.L., Crawley, M.J., Damschen, E.I., Davies, K.F., Decrappeo, N.M., Fay, P.A., Firn, J., Gruner, D.S., Hagenah, N., Jin, V.L., Kirkman, K.P., Knops, J.M., La Pierre, K.J., Lambrinos, J.G., Melbourne, B.A., Mitchell, C.E., Moore, J.L., Morgan, J.W., Orrock, J.L., Prober, S.M., Stevens, C.J., Wragg, P.D., Yang, L.H. 2012. Response to comments on "Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness". Science. 335:1441-c.
Productivity of well-watered Panicum virgatum does not increase with CO2 enrichment     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Fay, P.A., Polley, H.W., Jin, V.L., Aspinwall, M.J. 2012. Productivity of well-watered Panicum virgatum does not increase with CO2 enrichment. Journal of Plant Ecology. 5(4):366-375.
Relative effects of precipitation variability and warming on tallgrass prairie ecosystem function - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Fay, P.A., Blair, J.M., Smith, M.D., Nippert, J.B., Carlisle, J.D., Knapp, A.K. 2011. Relative effects of precipitation variability and warming on tallgrass prairie ecosystem function. Biogeosciences. 8:3053-3068.
Nonlinear and threshold responses of grassland productivity and species composition to increased CO2 vary with soil type - (Abstract Only)
Fay, P.A., Jin, V.L., Jackson, R.B., Gill, R.A., Way, D., Polley, H.W. 2011. Nonlinear and threshold responses of grassland productivity and species composition to increased CO2 vary with soil type. In: Proceedings of the EOS Trans. American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, California. Paper No. B41A-0197.
CO2-caused change in plant species composition rivals the shift in vegetation between mid-grass and tallgrass prairies - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Polley, H.W., Jin, V.L., Fay, P.A. 2012. CO2-caused change in plant species composition rivals the shift in vegetation between mid-grass and tallgrass prairies. Global Change Biology. 18:700-710.
Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Adler, P.B., Seabloom, E., Borer, E., Hillebrand, H., Hautier, Y., Hector, A., O'Halloran, L.R., Harpole, W.S., Anderson, J.M., Bakker, J.D., Biederman, L.A., Brown, C.S., Buckley, Y., Calabrese, L., Chu, C., Cleland, E., Collins, S.L., Cottingham, K.L., Crawley, M.J., Davies, K.F., Decrappeo, N.M., Fay, P.A., Firn, J., Frater, P., Gasarch, E.I., Gruner, D., Nagenah, N., Hillerislambers, J., Humphries, H., Jin, V.L., Kay, A., Klein, J.A., Knops, J., Kirkman, K., La Pierre, K.J., Lambrinos, J., Leakey, A.D., Li, W., Macdougall, A., Mcculley, R.L., Melbourne, B.A., Mitchell, C.E., Moore, J., Morgan, J., Mortenson, B., Orrock, J., Prober, S., Pyke, D.A., Risch, A., Schuetz, M., Stevens, C., Sullivan, L.L., Wang, G., Wragg, P., Wright, J. 2011. Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness. Science. 333(6050):1750-1753.
Rising atmospheric CO2 effects on productivity and plant composition differs among soils in southern plains tallgrass prairie - (Abstract Only)
Fay, P.A., Polley, H.W., Jin, V.L., Gill, R.A., Jackson, R.B., Way, D. 2011. Rising atmospheric CO2 effects on productivity and plant composition differs among soils in southern plains tallgrass prairie. In: Proceedings of the Ecological Society of America, Austin, Texas. OOS 33-5.
Soil type modifies response of soil carbon pools to an atmospheric CO2 gradient - (Abstract Only)
Procter, A., Gill, R., Polley, H.W., Jackson, R. 2011. Soil type modifies response of soil carbon pools to an atmospheric CO2 gradient. In: Proceedings of the Ecological Society of America, August 7-12, 2011, Austin, Texas.
Biochemical inventory as a tool to assay ecosystem carbon dynamics - (Abstract Only)
Hockaday, W.C., Gallagher, M.E., Masiello, C.A., Polley, H.W., Baldock, J.A., Pyle, L.A. 2011. Biochemical inventory as a tool to assay ecosystem carbon dynamics. In: Proceedings of the Ecological Society of America, August 7-12, 2011, Austin, Texas. OOS 11-8.
Atmospheric CO2 and soil extracellular enzyme activity: A meta-analysis and CO2 gradient experiment - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kelley, A.M., Fay, P.A., Polley, H.W., Gill, R.A., Jackson, R.B. 2011. Atmospheric CO2 and soil extracellular enzyme activity: A meta-analysis and CO2 gradient experiment. Ecosphere. 2(8):art96.
Biodiversity, phenology and temporal niche differences between native- and novel exotic-dominated grasslands - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wilsey, B.J., Daneshgar, P.P., Polley, H.W. 2011. Biodiversity, phenology and temporal niche differences between native- and novel exotic-dominated grasslands. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. 13:265-276.
Abundance of introduced species at home predicts abundance away in herbaceous grasslands - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Firn, J., Moore, J.L., MacDougall, A.S., Borer, E.T., Seabloom, E.W., Hillerislambers, J., Harpole, W.S., Cleland, E.E., Brown, C.S., Knops, J.M., Prober, S.M., Pyke, D.A., Farrell, K.A., Bakker, J.D., O'Halloran, L.R., Adler, P.B., Collins, S.L., D'Antonio, C.M., Crawley, M.J., Wolkovich, E.M., La Pierre, K.J., Melbourne, B.A., Hautier, Y., Morgan, J.W., Leakey, A.D., Kay, A., McCulley, R., Davies, K., Stevens, C.J., Chu, C., Holl, K.D., Klein, J.A., Fay, P.A., Hagenah, N., Kirkman, K.P., Buckley, Y.M. 2011. Abundance of introduced species at home predicts abundance away in herbaceous grasslands. Ecology Letters. 14:274-281.
Variability in light-use efficiency for gross primary productivity on Great Plains grasslands - (Abstract Only)
Polley, H.W., Phillips, B.L., Frank, A.B., Bradford, J.A., Sims, P.L., Morgan, J.A., Kiniry, J.R. 2011. Variability in light-use efficiency for gross primary productivity on Great Plains grasslands. 64th Annual Meeting of the Society for Range Management, February 2-10, 2011, Billings, Montana.
Biodiversity and temporal niche differences between native- and novel exotic-dominated grasslands - (Abstract Only)
Wilsey, B.J., Daneshgar, P., Polley, H.W. 2010. Biodiversity and temporal niche differences between native- and novel exotic-dominated grasslands. In: Proceedings of the Ecological Society of America, August 1-6, 2010, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 2010 CDROM.
Soil microbial responses to a subambient to elevated gradient of atmospheric CO2 - (Abstract Only)
Kelley, A.M., Procter, A.C., Gill, R.A., Fay, P.A., Polley, H.W., Jackson, R.B. 2010. Soil microbial responses to a subambient to elevated gradient of atmospheric CO2. In: Proceedings of the Ecological Society of America, August 1-6, 2010, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 2010 CDROM.
CO2 enrichment increases element concentrations in grass mixtures by changing species abundances     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Polley, H.W., Fay, P.A., Jin, V.L., Combs, G.F. 2011. CO2 enrichment increases element concentrations in grass mixtures by changing species abundances. Plant Ecology. 212:945-957.
The response of soil carbon stocks to changing atmospheric CO2 concentrations are soil-type-dependent - (Abstract Only)
Hockaday, W.A., Gallagher, M.E., Masiello, C.A., Pyle, L.A., Polley, H.W., Baldock, J.A. 2010. The response of soil carbon stocks to changing atmospheric CO2 concentrations are soil-type-dependent. In: Proceedings of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, California. B41F-0382.
Modeling the vegetation-atmosphere carbon dioxide and water vapor interactions along a controlled CO2 gradient - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Manzoni, S., Katul, G., Fay, P.A., Polley, H.W., Porporato, A. 2011. Modeling the vegetation-atmosphere carbon dioxide and water vapor interactions along a controlled CO2 gradient. Ecological Modeling. 222:653-665.
Variability in light-use efficiency for gross primary productivity on Great Plains grasslands - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Polley, H.W., Phillips, B.L., Frank, A.B., Bradford, J.A., Sims, P.L., Morgan, J.A., Kiniry, J.R. 2011. Variability in light-use efficiency for gross primary productivity on Great Plains grasslands. Ecosystems. 14:15-27.
Application of a conceptional framework to interpret variability in rangeland responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Polley, H.W., Morgan, J.A., Fay, P.A. 2011. Application of a conceptional framework to interpret variability in rangeland responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment. Journal of Agricultural Science. 149:1-14.
Rain use efficiency across a precipitation gradient on the Tibetan Plateau - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yang, Y., Fang, J., Fay, P.A., Bell, J.E., Ji, C. 2010. Rain use efficiency across a precipitation gradient on the Tibetan Plateau. Geophysical Research Letters. 37:L15702.
Soil type influences the sensitivity of nutrient dynamics to changes in atmospheric CO2 - (Abstract Only)
Gill, R.A., Jin, V.L., Fay, P.A., Polley, H.W., Kelley, A., Jackson, R.B. 2010. Soil type influences the sensitivity of nutrient dynamics to changes in atmospheric CO2. In: Proceedings of the Ecological Society of America, August 1-6, 2010, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 2010 CDROM.
Modeled effect of warming on ecosystem carbon and water dynamics within grassland/old-field ecosystems along a moisture gradient - (Abstract Only)
Heisler-White, J., Morgan, J.A., Parton, W., Blair, J., Chiariello, N., Dukes, J., Fay, P.A., Field, C., Hoeppner, S., Hovenden, M., Knapp, A., Luo, Y., Niu, S., Pendall, E., Suseela, V., Wang, S. 2010. Modeled effect of warming on ecosystem carbon and water dynamics within grassland/old-field ecosystems along a moisture gradient. In: Proceedings of the Ecological Society of America Abstracts, August 1-6, 2010, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. OOS 35-9.
Role of extreme events in vegetation dynamics - (Abstract Only)
Polley, H.W. 2010. Role of extreme events in vegetation dynamics. In: Proceedings of the Ecological Society of America, August 1-6, 2010, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 2010 CDROM.
Soil type determines response of soil microbial activity to an atmospheric CO2 gradient - (Abstract Only)
Procter, A.C., Fay, P.A., Gill, R.A., Polley, H.W., Jackson, R.B. 2010. Soil type determines response of soil microbial activity to an atmospheric CO2 gradient. In: Proceedings of the Ecological Society of America Abstracts, August 1-6, 2010, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 2010 CDROM.
Impacts of altered rainfall timing and warming in a mesic grassland ecosystem - (Abstract Only)
Blair, J.M., Fay, P.A., Knapp, A.K., Smith, M.D., Collins, S.L. 2010. Impacts of altered rainfall timing and warming in a mesic grassland ecosystem. In: Proceedings of the Ecological Society of America Abstracts, August 1-6, 2010, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. OOS 35-3.
Soil type influences the sensitivity of nutrient dynamics to changes in atmospheric CO2 - (Abstract Only)
Gill, R.A., Jin, V.L., Fay, P.A., Polley, H.W., Kelley, A., Jackson, R.B. 2010. Soil type influences the sensitivity of nutrient dynamics to changes in atmospheric CO2. 95th Ecological Society of America Meeting, August 1-6, 2010, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. COS 45-6.
Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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