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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Biology and Control of Ticks of Veterinary and Human Importance

Location: Tick and Biting Fly Research

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Biological studies and field observations in Europe of Lasioptera donacis potential biological control agent of giant reed, Arundo donax, an invasive weed of the Rio Grande Basin of Texas and Mexico - (Proceedings)
(10-Oct-14)
Tripius gyraloura sp. n. (Aphelenchoidea: Sphaerulariidae) parasitic in the gall midge Lasioptera donacis Coutin (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
(24-Sep-14)
Pathogenic landscape of transboundary zoonotic diseases in the Mexico-US border along the Rio Grande - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
(19-Sep-14)
Establishment and spread of a single parthenogenic genotype of the Mediterranean arundo wasp, Tetramesa romana in the variable climate of Texas - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
(25-Aug-14)
Walker's Eleodes (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Thomas, D.B., Smith, A.D., Triplehorn, C.A., Aalbu, R.A. 2014. Walker's Eleodes (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Zootaxa. 3835(4):1175-5326.
Acaricide resistance and strategies to mitigate economic impact of the southern cattle fever tick (Rhipicephalus microplus) on livestock production systems in the Americas - (Abstract Only)
(12-May-14)
Expression of bovine genes associated with a local and systemic immune response to infestation by the Lone Star tick, Amblyomma americanum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Brannon, J.L., Riggs, P.K., Olafson, P.U., Ivanov, I., Holman, P.J. 2014. Expression of bovine genes associated with a local and systemic immune response to infestation by the Lone Star tick, Amblyomma americanum. Ticks and Tick Borne Diseases. 5:676-688.
Implications of climate change on the distribution of the tick vector Ixodes scapularis and risk for Lyme disease in the Texas-Mexico transboundary region - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Feria-Arroyo, T.P., Castro-Arellano, I., Gordillo-Perez, G., Cavazos, A.L., Vargas-Sandoval, M., Grover, A., Torres, J., Medina, R.F., Perez de Leon, A.A., Esteve-Gassent, M.D. 2014. Implications of climate change on the distribution of the tick vector Ixodes scapularis and risk for Lyme disease in the Texas-Mexico transboundary region. Parasites & Vectors. 7:199.
Widespread Movement of Invasive Cattle Fever Ticks (Rhipicephalus microplus) in Southern Texas Leads to Shared Local Infestations on Cattle and Deer - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Busch, J.D., Stone, N.E., Nottingham, R., Araya-Anchetta, A., Lewis, J., Hochhalter, C., Giles, J.R., Freeman, J.M., Buckmeier, B.G., Bodine, D.L., Duhaime, R.A., Miller, R., Davey, R.B., Olafson, P.U., Scoles, G.A., Wagner, D.M. 2014. Widespread movement of invasive cattle fever ticks (Rhipicephalus microplus) in southern Texas leads to shared local infestations on cattle and deer. Parasites & Vectors. 7:188.
Invasive Potential of Cattle Fever Ticks in the Southern United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Giles, J.R., Peterson, A.T., Busch, J.D., Olafson, P.U., Scoles, G.A., Davey, R.B., Pound, J.M., Kammlah, D.M., Lohmeyer, K.H., Wagner, D.M. 2014. Invasive potential of cattle fever ticks in the southern United States. Parasites & Vectors. 7:189.
Reassessment of the potential economic impact of cattle parasites in Brazil - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grisi, L., Cerqueira Leite, R., De Souza Martins, J., Medeiros De Barros, A., Andreotti, R., Duarte Cancado, P., Perez De Leon, A.A., Barros Pereira, J., Silva Villela, H. 2014. Reassessment of the potential economic impact of cattle parasites in Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology. 23(n.2):150-156.
Efficacy of novaluron as a feed-through for control of immature horn flies, house flies, and stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) developing in cow manure - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lohmeyer, K.H., Pound, J.M., Yeater, K.M., May, M.A. 2014. Efficacy of Novaluron as a feed-through for control of immature horn flies, house flies, and stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) developing in cow manure. Journal of Medical Entomology. 51(4):873-877.
Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus resistant to acaricides and ivermectin in cattle farms of Mexico - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rodriguez-Vivas, R.I., Perez-Cogollo, L.C., Rosado-Aguilar, J.A., Ojeda-Chi, M.M., Trinidad-Martinez, I., Miller, R., Li, A.Y., Perez De Leon, A.A., Guerrero, F., Klafke, G.M. 2014. Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus resistant to acaricides and ivermectin in cattle farms of Mexico. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology. 23(n.2):113-122.
First host record for Acrapex azumai Sugi (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Takasu, K., Yoshiyasu, Y., Burrell,, A.M., Klein, P., Racelis, A.E., Goolsby, J., Overholt, W.A. 2014. First host record for Acrapex azumai Sugi (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Lepidoptera Science. 65:30-35.
Effects of a Fipronil Spot-Treatment on field colonies of Coptotermes formosanus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Osbrink, W.L., Cornelius, M.L., Showler, A., Pound, J.M. 2014. Effects of a Fipronil spot-treatment on field colonies of Coptotermes formosanus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 107(2):727-740.
Soil quality influences efficacy of Melia azedarach (Sapindales: Meliaceae), fruit extracts against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
De Sousa, L.A., Da Costa, D.P., Ferri, P.H., Showler, A., Borges, L.M. 2014. Soil quality influences efficacy of Melia azedarach (Sapindales: Meliaceae), fruit extracts against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 107:484-489.
Development of a spatially targeted field sampling technique for the Southern Cattle Tick, Rhipicephalus microplus, by mapping white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, habitat in South Texas - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Phillips, P.L., Welch, J.B., Kramer, M.H. 2014. Development of a spatially targeted field sampling technique for the Southern Cattle Tick, Rhipicephalus microplus, by mapping white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, habitat in South Texas. Journal of Insect Science. 14:88.
Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Lyme Disease Infected Ticks in the Texas-Mexico Border Region - (Abstract Only)
(14-Aug-13)
Evaluation of Biogeographical Factors in the Native Range to Improve the Success of Biological Control Agents in the Introduced Range - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Goolsby, J., Racelis, A., Goolsby, J.B., Kirk, A., Massimo, C., Grusak, M.A., Perez De Leon, A.A. 2013. Evaluation of Biogeographical Factors in the Native Range to Improve the Success of Biological Control Agents in the Introduced Range. Biocontrol Science and Technology. 23(10):1213-1230.
Mass-rearing Bemisia parasitoids for support of classical and augmentative biological control programs - (Book / Chapter)
(14-Jun-13)
Acaricide Resistance in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus: Impact on Agro-Biosecurity and Cattle Trade between Mexico and the United States of America - (Proceedings)
(10-Jun-13)
Spatiotemporal Incidence of Acaracide Resistance among Outbreaks of Cattle Fever Ticks in the US - (Abstract Only)
(30-May-13)
Efficacy of an organophosphate mixture against an organophosphate-resistant strain of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Davey, R.B., Thomas, D.B., Pound, J.M., Lohmeyer, K.H., Miller, R. 2014. Efficacy of an organophosphate mixture against an organophosphate-resistant strain of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Entomological Science. 48(4):306-316.
Liquid Chromatographic Detection of Permethrin from Filter Paper Wipes of White-tailed Deer - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lohmeyer, K.H., Pound, J.M., Klavons, J.A., Davey, R.B. 2013. Liquid chromatographic detection of permethrin from filter paper wipes of white-tailed deer. Journal of Entomological Science. 48:258-260.
Topping of Arundo donax as a pre-treatment to biological control - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Racelis, A.E., Moran, P.J., Goolsby, J. 2013. Topping of Arundo donax as a pre-treatment to biological control. Journal Subtropical Plant Science. 64:54-60.
Effects of leaf excision and sample storage methods on spectral reflectance by foliage of Giant Reed, Arundo donax - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Summy, K.R., Lieman, J., Mamachen, A., Gandy, Y.P., Mamachen, A., Goolsby, J., Moran, P.J. 2013. Effects of leaf excision and sample storage methods on spectral reflectance by foliage of Giant Reed, Arundo donax. Subtropical Plant Science. 63:54-64.
Rapid Assessment of Above-Ground Biomass of Giant Reed Using Visibility Estimates - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Racelis, A., Goolsby, J. 2013. Rapid Assessment of Above-Ground Biomass of Giant Reed Using Visibility Estimates. Journal Subtropical Plant Science. 64:61-66.
Mitigation of Resistance Through Mixtures of Traditional Pesticides, Anti-tick Vaccines, and New Acaricides Developed by the Pharmaceutical Industry - (Proceedings)
Miller, R., Li, A.Y., Rodriguez-Vivas, R.I., Guerrero, F., Perez de Leon, A.A. 2012. Mitigation of Resistance Through Mixtures of Traditional Pesticides, Anti-tick Vaccines, and New Acaricides Developed by the Pharmaceutical Industry. In: Scientific Committee of the VII International Seminar in Animal Parasitology. 1:120-129.
Rhizaspidiotus Donacis (Hemiptera, Diaspididae) Licensed Agent for control. First Results of Biological Monitoring Plan of Giant Reed in the U.S. - (Popular Publication)
Cortes, E.A., Marcos-Garcia, M., Goolsby, J. 2012. Rhizaspidiotus Donacis (Hemiptera, Diaspididae) Licensed Agent for control. First Results of Biological Monitoring Plan of Giant Reed in the U.S. Popular Publication. 40:8-12.
Resistance of the tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus to ivermectin in Mexico - (Other)
Rodriguez-Vivas, R.I., Perez-Cogollo, L.C., Rosado-Aguilar, J.A., Ojeda-Chi, M.M., Trinidad-Martinez, I., Torres-Acosta, J.F., Miller, R., Li, A.Y., Perez De Leon, A.A. 2012. Resistance of the tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus to ivermectin in Mexico. Workshop Proceedings. p. 52-68.
USDA-ARS Knipling-Bushland U.S. Livestock Insects Research Laboratory Tick & Biting Fly Research Unit Scientific Update - (Other)
(12-Sep-12)
Constraints and opportunities for ecological restoration in the Rio Grande Valley, Texas - (Abstract Only)
(08-Sep-12)
Efficacy of amitraz-impregnated collars on white-tailed deer (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) in reducing free-living populations of lone star ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pound, J.M., Lohmeyer, K.H., Davey, R.B., Miller, J.A., George, J.E. 2012. Efficacy of amitraz-impregnated collars on white-tailed deer (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) in reducing free-living populations of lone star ticks (Acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 105(6):2207-2212.
Evaluations of methods for the isolation of high quality RNA from bovine and cervine hide biopsies for use in gene expression studies - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
(19-Jul-12)
Laboratory evaluation of novaluron as a development site treatment for controlling larval horn flies, house flies, and stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) - (Abstract Only)
(13-Jul-12)
Ticks on Deer and Cattle in the Cattle Fever Tick Permanent Quarantine Zone, 2012 - (Abstract Only)
(25-Jun-12)
Use of a molasses–based liquid feed supplement to deliver Ivermectin to cattle to control ectoparasites - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lohmeyer, K.H., Pound, J.M., Miller, A.J., Klavons, J.A., Davey, R.B. 2012. Use of a molasses–based liquid feed supplement to deliver Ivermectin to cattle to control ectoparasites. International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine. 10:137-141.
Efficacy of amitraz-impregnated collars on white-tailed deer in reducing free-living populations of lone star ticks - (Abstract Only)
(05-Jun-12)
Adaptation of In Vitro Bioassays for the Diagnosis of Resistance to Fipronil and Ivermectin in R. (B.) Microplus - (Book / Chapter)
Castro Janer, E., Schumaker, T.S., Klafke, G.M., Rifran, L., Gonzalez, P., Niell, C., Namindome, A., Gil, A., Piaggio, J., Martins, J., Mendes, M., Miller, R. 2012. Adaptation of In Vitro Bioassays for the Diagnosis of Resistance to Fipronil and Ivermectin in R. (B.) Microplus. In: Castro Janer, E.Garrapata: Resistencia a fipronil e ivermectina en rodeos vacunos de uruguay y brasil. Instituto Nacional de Inbestigación Agropecuaria. 1-69.
The US experience of eradicating and preventing re-infestation with cattle fever ticks - (Proceedings)
Li, A.Y., Miller, R., Pound, J.M., Guerrero, F., Temeyer, K.B., Perez De Leon, A.A. 2012. The US experience of eradicating and preventing re-infestation with cattle fever ticks. Workshop Proceedings. 4th International Bayer Cattle Symposium, Lisbon, Portugal, June 3, 2012 (4-19).
Evaluation of a passive self-treatment technology for pastured cattle with a doramectin-medicated molasses-based liquid feed supplement for the control of southern cattle ticks - (Abstract Only)
(04-May-12)
Excluding feral swine, javelina and raccoons from deer bait stations - (Abstract Only)
(05-Apr-12)
Tick-borne protozoa - (Book / Chapter)
(02-Apr-12)
Analysis of doramectin in the serum of repeatedly treated pastured cattle used to predict the probability of cattle fever ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) feeding to repletion - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Davey, R.B., Pound, J.M., Klavons, J.A., Lohmeyer, K.H., Freeman, J.M., Olafson, P.U. 2012. Analysis of doramectin in the serum of repeatedly treated pastured cattle used to predict the probability of cattle fever ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) feeding to repletion. Experimental and Applied Acarology. 56(4):365-374.
Therapeutic and residual efficacy of a pour-on formulation of Novaluron against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari:Ixodidae) on infested cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lohmeyer, K.H., Davey, R.B., Pound, J.M. 2012. Therapeutic and residual efficacy of a pour-on formulation of Novaluron against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari:Ixodidae) on infested cattle. Journal of Entomological Research. 47(3):238-246.
Excluding feral swine, javelina, and raccoons from deer bait stations - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pound, J.M., Lohmeyer, K.H., Davey, R.B., Soliz, L.A., Olafson, P.U. 2012. Excluding feral swine, javelina, and raccoons from deer bait stations. Human-Wildlife Interactions. 36:383-385.
White-tailed Deer Visitation Rates at Medicated Bait Sites in Southern Texas - (Abstract Only)
(09-Nov-11)
Evolving translational research to keep the U.S. free of cattle fever ticks - (Abstract Only)
(15-Sep-11)
Integration of ecologically-based approaches to re-eradicate cattle fever ticks from the U.S. - (Abstract Only)
(11-Jun-11)
Impact of white-tailed deer and exotic ungulate populations on cattle fever tick outbreaks in South Texas - (Abstract Only)
(11-Jun-11)
Immunological response of tick-naive white-tailed deer to infestation with Dermacentor albipictus, a one host tick - (Abstract Only)
(11-Jun-11)
Novel techniques developed to control cattle fever ticks feeding on free-ranging white-tailed deer along the Rio Grande in South Texas - (Abstract Only)
(11-Jun-11)
Overview of the U.S. Cattle Fever Tick Eradication Program: History and Challenges - (Abstract Only)
(11-Jun-11)
Distribution of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus and R.(B.) annulatus (Acari: Ixodidae) re-infestitation detected in the U.S. along the Texas/Mexico border - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lohmeyer, K.H., Pound, J.M., May, M.A., Kammlah, D.M., Davey, R.B. 2011. Distribution of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus and R.(B.) annulatus (Acari: Ixodidae) re-infestitation detected in the U.S. along the Texas/Mexico border. Journal of Medical Entomology. 48(4):770-774.
Preliminary findings of a molecular survey for the presence of B. bovis and B. bigemina in cattle fever ticks and white-tailed deer from south Texas - (Abstract Only)
(16-May-11)
Proportion of White-tailed deer using medicated bait sites in Southern Texas - (Abstract Only)
(13-May-11)
Suppression of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus under natural South Texas conditions using Y-Tex® XP820™ ear tags on pastured cattle - (Abstract Only)
(13-May-11)
Distribution of cattle fever tick infestations detected in the U.S. along the Texas/Mexico border - (Abstract Only)
(13-May-11)
Are white-tailed deer compromising efforts to maintain eradication of cattle fever ticks from cattle herds in the U.S.? - (Abstract Only)
(13-May-11)
Effects of Vegetation Microclimate on Larval Cattle Fever Tick Survival - (Abstract Only)
(12-May-11)
Absence of bovine tuberculosis in feral swine (Sus scrofa) from the Southern Texas border region - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
(02-May-11)
Research Strategies to Reduce Tick Densities and the Risk of Tick-borne Disease Transmission through Host-Targeted Control - (Abstract Only)
(24-Feb-11)
Control of Ticks on White-tailed Deer and Other Ungulate Wildlife - Host-targeted Control of Field Populations of Blacklegged and Lone Star Ticks to Reduce the Risk of Tick-borne Disease Transmission - (Abstract Only)
(21-Jan-11)
Efficacy and blood sera analysis of a long-acting formulation of moxidectin against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae)on treated cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Davey, R.B., Pound, J.M., Klavons, J.A., Lohmeyer, K.H., Freeman, J.M., Perez De Leon, A.A., Miller, R. 2011. Efficacy and blood sera analysis of a long-acting formulation of moxidectin against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) on treated cattle. Journal of Medical Entomology. 48(2):314-321.
High resolution predictive mapping of Rhipicephalus microplus and R. annulatus in south Texas after vaccination with the anti-tick vaccine Gavac - (Abstract Only)
(23-Aug-10)
Shift in rules of engagement for eradication of cattle fever ticks in the United States - (Proceedings)
(01-Jul-10)
Persistent efficacy and blood sera analysis of a long-acting (LA) formulation of moxidectin against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus on treated cattle - (Proceedings)
(17-Jun-10)
New in vitro tests to evaluate the resistance level of the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, against acaricides - (Abstract Only)
(01-Jun-10)
Past, Present, and Future of Chemical Acaricides - (Abstract Only)
Miller, R. 2010. Past, Present, and Future of Chemical Acaricides. Acarology International Congress Proceedings. 1:155.
Mechanisms of acaricide resistance and use of synergized formulations for the control of resistant populations of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus - (Abstract Only)
(26-Apr-10)
First report of fipronil resistance in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus of Mexico - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
(09-Apr-10)
One Health Approach to Identify Research Needs in Bovine and Human Babesioses: Workshop Report - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Perez De Leon, A.A., Strickman, D.A., Knowles Jr, D.P., Fish, D., Thacker, E.L., De La Fuente, J., Krause, P.J., Wikel, S.K., Miller, R., Wagner, G.G., Almazan, C., Hillman, R., Messenger, M.T., Ugstad, P.O., Duhaime, R.A., Teel, P.D., Ortega-Santos, A., Hewitt, D.G., Bowers, E.J., Bent, S.J., Cochran, M.H., Mcelwain, T.F., Scoles, G.A., Suarez, C.E., Davey, R.B., Freeman, J.M., Lohmeyer, K.H., Li, A.Y., Guerrero, F., Kammlah, D.M., Phillips, P.L., Pound, J.M. 2010. One Health approach to identify research needs in bovine and human babesioses: Workshop report. Parasites & Vectors. 3:Article 36.
Current Agricultural Research Issues on One-Host ticks and Bovine Babesiosis - (Proceedings)
Perez De Leon, A.A., Knowles Jr, D.P. 2010. Current Agricultural Research Issues on One-Host ticks and Bovine Babesiosis. United States Animal Health Association Proceedings. p. 703-705.
Rotation of treatments between spinosad and amitraz for the control of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus populations with amitraz resistance - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jonsson, N.N., Miller, R., Kemp, D.H., Knowles, A., Ardila, A.E., Verrall, R.G., Rothwell, J.T. 2010. Rotation of treatments between spinosad and amitraz for the control of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus populations with amitraz resistance. Veterinary Parasitology. 169: 157-164.
Developing Novel Technology for the Control of Ticks of Veterinary and Human Importance - (Abstract Only)
(03-Nov-09)
First report of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus resistant to ivermectin in Mexico - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Miller, R. 2010. First report of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus resistant to ivermectin in Mexico. Veterinary Parasitology. 168:165-169.
Selection of an ivermectin-resistant strain of Rhipicephalus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) in Brazil - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Klafke, G.M., Aguiar De Albuquerqu, T., Miller, R., Sato-Schumaker, T.T. 2010. Selection of an ivermectin-resistant strain of Rhipicephalus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) in Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology. 168(1-2):97-104.
Acaricidal Treatment of White-Tailed Deer to Control Ixodes Scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) in a New York Lyme Disease-Endemic Community - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Daniels, T.J., Falco, R.C., Mchugh, E.E., Vellozzi, J., Boccia, T., Denicola, A.J., Pound, J.M., Miler, J.A., George, J.E., Fish, D. 2009. Acaricidal Treatment of White-Tailed Deer to Control Ixodes Scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) in a New York Lyme Disease-Endemic Community. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases.
Topical Treatment of White-Tailed Deer with an Acaricide for the Control of Ixodes Scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) in a Connecticut Lyme Borreliosis Hyperendemic Community - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stafford Iii, K.C., Denicola, A.J., Pound, J.M., Miller, J.A., George, J.E. 2009. Topical Treatment of White-Tailed Deer with an Acaricide for the Control of Ixodes Scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) in a Connecticut Lyme Borreliosis Hyperendemic Community. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases.9:371-379.
Depletion Rates of Injected and Ingested Ivermectin from Blood Serum of Penned White-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus Virginianus (Zimmermann) (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pound, J.M., Miller, J.A., Oehler, D.D. 2004. Depletion Rates of Injected and Ingested Ivermectin from Blood Serum of Penned White-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus Virginianus (Zimmermann) (Artiodactyla: Cervidae). Journal of Medical Entomology.41:65-68
Last Modified: 10/19/2014
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