Location: Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture Research
Project Number: 1930-31000-009-00
Start Date: Dec 14, 2009
End Date: Dec 13, 2014
The demand for seafood is increasing worldwide while captured fisheries harvest is limited and unsustainable. To meet increasing consumer demand, U.S. aquaculture producers have to achieve improved efficiencies and sustainable practices while maintaining and improving product quality. The application of genomic technologies towards the genetic improvement of aquaculture species is expected to facilitate selective breeding and provide basic information on the biochemical mechanisms controlling traits of interest. In collaboration with U.S. and international scientists, we have developed a suite of genome tools and reagents for rainbow trout to identify and characterize genes affecting aquaculture production traits. Projects concurrent with our previous 5-year project characterized the genetic variation of the National Center for Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture (NCCCWA) broodstock with respect to resistance to Bacterial Cold Water Disease (BCWD) and response to crowding stress. Specific crosses were identified to facilitate the identification of genes affecting these traits through genetic mapping and functional genomic approaches. The current project will improve and utilize genome mapping approaches to identify positional candidate genes affecting these traits. This genetic information will be used for improving our understanding of the genetics of disease resistance and production traits and will be transferrable across US commercial trout populations. In addition, possibilities for developing informative crosses and functional genomic approaches which target the identification of genes affecting carcass quality traits will be determined. We will also continue to identify and characterize genes in the oocyte (pre-mature egg) which impact embryonic development and egg quality traits important to breeders.