Location: Appalachian Fruit Research Laboratory
2013 Annual Report
1)establish biology and phenology of BMSB in specialty crops,.
2)develop monitoring and management tools for BMSB,.
3)establish effective management programs for BMSB in specialty crops, and.
4)integrate stakeholder input and research findings to form and deliver practical outcomes. Initiated studies of BMSB survivorship, population growth, and phenology, including voltinism potential and overwintering biology. Defined parameters for diagnosis of BMSB injury in orchard crops, small fruit, vegetables, grapes, and ornamentals, and have begun to characterize the severity of the threat to all specialty crops. Feeding-transmitted yeasts have been identified, and studies of the impact of BMSB feeding on resilience in storage have been initiated for both tree fruit and wine grapes. Completed studies to determine the phenology and impact of BMSB in regions that have a history of damage, and began tracking colonization and impact in new habitats. Conducted a study on the influence of landscape and temporal factors on BMSB movement and patterns of feeding injury, and initial trials have been conducted to assess the potential effects of RNAi on BMSB development and reproduction. Began development of monitoring tools through identification of BMSB pheromone and an olfactory synergist, and initiated commercialization to optimize field use of these attractants. We identified visual stimuli for integration into field trapping, initiated studies of BMSB spatial responses to various stimuli, and evaluated other types of monitoring tools including limb jarring, sweep netting, and visual inspections. Evaluated all registered and developmental insecticides against various life stages of BMSB in lab trials and have begun field validation of promising materials. In addition to conventional broadcast insecticides, we initiated studies of alternative control methods, including fungi, repellents and deterrents, and attract-and-kill strategies. Toward biological control, we completed the first phase of studies to determine the host specificity of natural enemies of BMSB in Asia, notably egg parasites. Native parasitoids, predators, and pathogens are also under study for their potential effects on BMSB eggs, nymphs, and adults. Research and extension project staff collaborated across institutions and regions to establish short-term mitigation strategies for BMSB injury in small fruit, orchard crops, grapes, ornamentals, and vegetables leading to initial commercial management recommendations, crop-specific IPM programs for control of BMSB in specialty crops. Begun to quantify the biological, economic, and sociological impacts of BMSB on specialty crop producers through field data analyses and administration of grower surveys. Developed draft outreach and educational programs to bring research results to stakeholders, and launched web-based and print delivery platforms. Held two meetings of our Stakeholder Advisory Panel to review accomplishments, direct research plans, and guide execution of objectives. In Year 1 of this project, the BMSB research team generated 12 research publications, 22 extension and outreach publications, and delivered over 60 research talks to a highly diverse audience of stakeholders.