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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

Research Project: ENHANCEMENT OF DROUGHT AND HEAT TOLERANCE IN SORGHUM

Location: Plant Stress and Germplasm Development Research

Project Number: 6208-21000-020-05
Project Type: Trust

Start Date: Jan 01, 2012
End Date: Sep 30, 2013

Objective:
1. To characterize selected germplasm lines for pre- and post-flowering drought tolerance; 2. To accelerate the development of improved germplasm resources for enhanced drought tolerance breeding programs in different types of sorghums; and 3. To understand the genetic and physiological basis of drought and heat tolerance in sorghums.

Approach:
Our newly developed high throughput screening tools will provide, for the first time, a quantitative measure of the levels of pre- and post-flowering drought tolerance in germplasm collections, mutant populations, and hybrid combinations. This information will expedite the movement of tolerant germplasm into advanced breeding programs. Modification of plant architecture will be evaluated to determine morphologies that enhance yield with less water consumption. Genotypes with improved vegetative and reproductive heat tolerance will be identified, and the genetics underlying the tolerance will be determined. We will develop an irrigation management that optimizes the seasonal distribution of limited water to maximize grain yields of pre-flowering drought tolerant sorghum lines.

Last Modified: 9/23/2014
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