Location: Foreign Animal Disease Research
Project Number: 1940-32000-057-42
Start Date: Jul 01, 2012
End Date: Jun 30, 2014
1. Establish a surveillance system to determine the clinical and subclinical strains of FMDV circulating in the Northern Regions of Cameroon. A sampling protocol will be developed based on previously identified areas where FMD is highly prevalent. Specific herds will be identified and sampled during and between clinical outbreaks in a longitudinal study to determine the currently circulating topotypes. 2. Characterize the basic epidemiological factors influencing the circulation of FMDV. To identify the rate of infection in the different regions and animal populations, serological surveys for non-structural protein antibodies and probang testing will be conducted in various herds represent different production systems in Cameroon. 3. Genetically and antigenically characterize FMDV strains and determine their relationship to vaccine strains. Samples will be tested by real-time PCR, virus isolation and serological ELISA testing to detect structural and non-structural FMDV protein antibodies. Strains obtained from acute and persistent or subclinical infections will be genetically and antigenically characterized by ARS, PIADC and LANAVET. 4. Provide the basic information necessary to support the progressive control of FMD in the Northern Regions of Cameroon. Data generated from sample analysis will shared with National Authorities in Cameroon in charge of FMD control. Vaccine development efforts utilizing the data generated will be used by LANAVET in vaccine development.