CHARCOAL ROT DISEASE DEVELOPMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON SOYBEAN YIELD IN THE NORTH CENTRAL U.S.
Location: Crop Production and Pest Control Research
Project Number: 3602-21220-012-02
Start Date: Oct 01, 2012
End Date: Sep 30, 2013
Obj 1. Determine soybean yield loss associated with infection by Macrophomina phaseolina and charcoal rot development in the North Central US. Obj 2. Assess seasonal progress of charcoal rot (pathogen colonization and disease development) in the North Central US. Obj 3. Evaluate high-yielding commercial soybean varieties adapted to the North Central US for field resistance to charcoal rot.
Obj 1 and 2. Four commercial soybean varieties (maturity group-MG 2.0-2.5) will be planted on 1-2 research farms in IN, WI, and MI. Treatments will be irrigated/infested, irrigated/non-infested, non-irrigated/infested, and non-irrigated/non-infested and arranged in a split-randomized complete block design with irrigation being the main plot. Soil populations (colony forming units-CFUs) of M. phaseolina will be assessed post-planting and pre-harvest. Disease development and colonization by M. phaseolina (plant CFUs) will be assessed at soybean growth stages VC, V5, R2, R4, R6, and R8. Yield will be assessed at maturity. Obj 1. Commercial farms in OH with a history of charcoal rot will be grid-sampled for soil CFUs of M. phaseolina to determine areas of high and low disease pressure. A commercial variety will be grown and yield and plant CFUs assessed at maturity. Comparisons will be made between plants grown in high disease pressure areas versus low. Obj 3. Twenty commercial soybean varieties will be planted on 2 research farms in IN (MG 2.5-3.5), WI (1.0-2.0), and MI (2.0-2.5). Plots will be irrigated or non-irrigated and all will be artificially infested with M. phaseolina. Soil CFUs will be determined post-plant and pre-harvest and disease developed at stages VC, V5, R2, R4, R6, and R7. At maturity, varieties will be assessed for yield and plant CFUs.