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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Areawide Mitigation and Management of Coffee Berry Borer

Location: Tropical Plant Genetic Resources and Disease Research

Project Number: 2040-21000-015-14
Project Type: Specific Cooperative Agreement

Start Date: Sep 03, 2013
End Date: Sep 02, 2018

Objective:
Transfer sanitation methods to reduce the source of coffee berry borer (CBB) populations. Synchronize blooms to one or two (from four to five), thus making it much easier for growers to mass harvest the berries, leaving fewer refuges for CBB. Develop and deploy the commercially available microbial control agent Beauveria bassiana optimized for Hawaii’s climate by determining the needed dose for effective persistence. Develop a better understanding of insect phenology with the setting of economic thresholds. Analyze the CBB genome to better understand CBB biology. Utilize ArcGIS and remote sensing as a component of areawide mitigation and management of the coffee berry borer on Hawaii Island. Utilize additional methods to reduce field populations of CBB. Develop and implement preventative and/or management measures to avoid or limit spread of CBB to additional islands.

Approach:
A framework for use in regional areawide pest management programs to control coffee berry borer will be developed. Technology that can be used in an integrated approach will be demonstrated. Research to optimize the dose and use of Beauveria to mitigate losses on coffee production and to synchronize coffee flowering to increase profitability of coffee farms will be conducted. Field studies to understand insect attraction, phenology, sampling patterns and sanitation methods to reduce the source of CBB populations will be carried out. An economic analysis will be conducted pre- and post-area wide studies to document the impact of this effort. To improve program success and efficiency, additional areas will be investigated, including, but not limited to pruning style, native Beauveria strains, predators, semiochemicals and entomopathogenic nematodes. To prevent spread of CBB to the other islands, preventative and/or management measures based on successful practices used on Hawaii Island will be implemented with off-island farmers. Strategies to make the U.S. more resilient to invasion by exotic species, specifically CBB will include: Prevention, Detection, Delimitation, and Response.

Last Modified: 12/18/2014
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