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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Measuring and Interpreting Soil Electrical Conductivity for Precision Agriculture

Authors
item Sudduth, Kenneth
item Drummond, Scott
item Kitchen, Newell

Submitted to: Geospatial Information in Agriculture and Forestry International Conference
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: January 12, 2000
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Soil electrical conductivity has been used as a surrogate measure for such soil properties as salinity, moisture content, topsoil depth, and clay content. The objective of this research was to investigate accuracy issues important to the collection of profile-weighted, "apparent" soil electrical conductivity (ECa) data with a mobile electromagnetic induction sensor. Sensor drift was found to be a potentially significant fraction of within- field ECa variation. Use of a calibration transect to document and adjust for this drift was recommended. Effects of positional offset and variations in sensor operating speed and height were documented. Multiple measurements of ECa on a field were similar if they were obtained at the same time of year. However, there was a significant effect of soil moisture and temperature differences across measurement dates spanning a 12-month period.

Last Modified: 9/23/2014
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