Submitted to: Encyclopedia of Soil Science
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: January 1, 2002
Publication Date: January 1, 2002
Technical Abstract: Soil erosion is a worldwide problem and a major threat to world food security and fiber production. Soil erosion control is a key for conserving natural resources and sustaining food and fiber production. Various soil amendments have been developed and used to control soil erosion and to improve soil physical, chemical, and biological properties. This work provides a broad review on various soil amendments that have bee used for controlling soil erosion. A brief history of the landmark developments of using soil amendments for erosion control is covered. Principal concepts, theories, alternative interpretations, and important applications are presented. New materials and application strategies are discussed. This review shows most widely used soil amendments have beneficial effects on reducing surface runoff and soil erosion, especially erosion caused by water.