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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Are Gibberella Zeae Sexual Spores the Critical Inoculum for Wheat Head Blight?

item Brown, Daren
item Yun, Sung-Hwan - CORNELL UNIV, ITHACA, NY
item Lee, Theresa - CORNELL UNIV, ITHACA, NY
item Turgeon, B Gillian - CORNELL UNIV, ITHACA, NY
item Desjardins, Anne

Submitted to: National Fusarium Head Blight Forum Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 12, 2000
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Gibberella zeae (anamorph Fusarium graminearum) causes scab (blight) in wheat and barley, and ear rot in corn. Since 1991, epidemics of Gibberella head blight have struck the Midwestern states with disastrous effects on wheat and barley growers. The fungus decreases yields and also contaminates grain with trichothecene mycotoxins that are harmful to human and animal health. To understand and control head scab, the factors and conditions that lead to epidemics must be identified. We propose that the sexual spores of Gibberella zeae play a important role in head blight epidemics. We will test this hypothesis by deleting critical genes required for sexual spore development (ascospores) and examine the resulting strains under field conditions for their effect on disease progression on wheat. If ascospores are the major inoculum source, than we predict that exposure of wheat to a MAT-null strain will result in significantly less disease than exposure to a wild-type strain.

Last Modified: 4/19/2015
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