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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: A New Crop for the New Millennium: First Mechanical Planting and Harvest of Cuphea in Central Illinois

Authors
item Phillips, Bliss
item Isbell, Terry

Submitted to: Annual Meeting and Expo of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 16, 2001
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Cuphea, a native plant to the Midwest, is a potential new crop for the Midwest which produces medium length saturated fatty acids (75% C10) currently only available from palm kernel oil and coconut oil. Cuphea will be used in the detergent industry and successful domestication would result in a rotational crop with corn and soybeans while not in competition with either of these crops. Problems previously preventing large-scale planting involved seed dormancy and seed shattering. A new cross of C. lancelota and viscosissima offers resistance to these problems. This cross was mechanically planted and harvested in Central Illinois along side of a soybean field. The primary purpose was to increase seed supply as well as develop initial planting, harvest, and post harvest information. Other problems with this plant involve a plant adhesive coating and non-determinacy. These problems along with non-statistical results and problems associated with post harvest cleaning will be discussed.

Last Modified: 11/27/2014
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