Submitted to: Research Workers in Animal Diseases Conference Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: November 10, 2001
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Historically, administration of vitamin D has been considered beneficial in the treatment of tuberculosis. The interaction of this vitamin [i.e 1,25-dihdroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3)] with the anti-tubercular immune response, however, is not clear. In the present study, in vitro recall responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from cattle infected with Mycobacterium bovis were used to study the immune modulatory effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 on M. bovis-specific responses in vitro. Addition of 1 or 10 nM 1,25(OH)2D3 inhibited M. bovis-specific proliferative responses of PBMC from M. bovis-infected cattle, affecting predominately the CD4**+ cell subset. In addition, 1,25(OH)2D3 inhibited M. bovis-specific interferon-gamma(IFN- gamma) production yet enhanced M. bovis-specific nitric oxide (NO) production. Lymphocyte apoptosis, measured by flow cytometry using annexin-V staining, was diminished by addition of 1,25(OH)2D3 to PBMC cultures. These findings support the current hypothesis that 1,25(OH)2D3 enhances mycobacterial killing by increasing NO production, a potent anti-microbial mechanism of activated macrophages, and suggest that 1,25(OH)2D3 limits host damage by decreasing M. bovis-induced IFN- gamma production.