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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Hatchability of Eggs Sanitized with Increasing Concentrations of Biosentry 904 Or Bio-Phene

Authors
item Bourassa, D - UGA
item Buhr, Richard
item Wilson, J - UGA

Submitted to: Journal of Applied Poultry Research
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: August 18, 2002
Publication Date: October 1, 2002
Citation: Bourassa, D.V., Buhr, R.J., Wilson, J.L. 2002. Hatchability of eggs sanitized with increasing concentrations of biosentry 904 or bio-phene. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 11(4):397-401.

Interpretive Summary: A series of experiments was conducted to determine the relative safety of two hatching egg sanitizing chemicals on embryo viability. On each of four consecutive days broiler breeder hatching eggs were gathered and separated into ten groups of eggs, and then sanitized with BioSentry 904 (quaternary ammonia) or Bio-Phene (phenol) at 1, 2, 6, and 12 times the manufacturer¿s recommended concentration. Each rack of eggs was sprayed with a solution containing increasing concentrations of either chemical, or with water or nothing at all. Following treatment eggs were held in a egg cooler and on the morning of Day 5 all eggs were set in an incubator. The only significant depression in hatchability (78.2%) was found with the BioSentry 904 at 12 times the recommended concentration. Hatchability of all other treatments was not significantly different when compared to the nonsprayed and water sprayed groups (88.7%). The Bio-Phene group showed no significant effect on viability with increasing concentrations. Hatched chick quality from eggs sprayed with either Bio-Phene or BioSentry 904 from 1, 2, 6, and 12 times the manufacturer's recommended concentration was comparable to the controls that were not sprayed or were sprayed with water. The results suggest that mixing errors when using Bio-Phene up to 12 times the manufacturer's recommended concentration, and using BioSentry 904 are not harmful to developing embryos up to 6 times the manufacturer's recommended concentration.

Technical Abstract: A series of experiments was conducted to determine the relative safety of two hatching egg sanitizing chemicals on embryo viability. On each of four consecutive days broiler breeder hatching eggs were gathered and separated into ten groups of 88 eggs, and then sanitized with BioSentry 904 or Bio-Phene at 1, 2, 6, and 12 times the manufacturer¿s recommended concentration. Each rack of eggs was sprayed with 8 oz (240 mL) of solution containing ½, 1, 3, and 6 oz/gal concentrations of either chemical, or controls with water or nothing at all. Following treatment eggs were held in a 66ºF egg cooler and on the morning of Day 5 all eggs were set in an incubator operating at 99.5ºF and 55% relative humidity. The only significant depression in hatchability (78.2%) was found with the BioSentry 904 at a concentration of 6 oz/gal, which was 12 times the recommended concentration. Hatchability of all other treatments was not significantly different when compared to the nonsprayed and water sprayed controls (88.7%). The Bio-Phene group showed no significant decrease in viability with increasing concentrations. Hatched chick quality from eggs sprayed with either Bio-Phene or BioSentry 904 from ½ to 6 oz/gal concentration was comparable to the controls that were not sprayed or were sprayed with water.

Last Modified: 10/30/2014
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