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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Beyond Genomics Revolution: Emergence of Agricultural Biotechnology

Author
item Lillehoj, Hyun

Submitted to: Symposium of Future Prospectives in Animal Biotechnology
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: December 1, 2002
Publication Date: N/A

Interpretive Summary: Although the impact of the successful completion of human genome sequencing can not be easily estimated, immediate application of new technology and current and potential applications of genome research is expected to affect the fields of molecular medicine, microbial genomics, bioarchaeology, anthropology, evolution and human migration, risk assessment, DNA forensics (identification), agriculture, livestock breeding, and bioprocessing. In this presentation which was presented at the symposium on Future Prospectives on Animal Biotechnology" ARS scientists summarizes recent progress in genomic biotechnology science.

Technical Abstract: Today, one of the most exciting scientific fields of research is genetics. In view of rapid progress in genome science and its potential applications, genomic biology is expected to be the foremost science of the 21st century. The Human Genome Project (HGP) which began in 1990 in the United States as the joint project of the Department of Energy and the National Institute of Health, is expected to complete the sequencing of the total human genome, develop genetic maps to assign genes to specific regions in chromosomes, to identify genes associated with disease, and to develop new technologies for furthering genetic research and clinical testing. HGP has generated new knowledge and technology in the field of genomics, and the medical industry is utilizing the technologies, knowledge, and resources obtained from the human genome project to develop new products for medical field that will benefit the humankind. It is not surprising that technology and resources generated by the HGP and other genomics research are already having a major impact on research across the life sciences. The potential for commercial development of genomics research presents U.S. industry with a wealth of opportunities, and sales of DNA-based products and technologies in the biotechnology industry are projected to exceed $45 billion by 2009 (Consulting Resources Corporation Newsletter, Spring 1999). Although the impact of the successful completion of HGP can not be easily estimated, immediate application of new technology and current and potential applications of genome research is expected to affect the fields of molecular medicine, microbial genomics, bioarchaeology, anthropology, evolution and human migration, risk assessment, DNA forensics (identification), agriculture, livestock breeding, and bioprocessing. In this talk, I will summarize major developments under 3 major areas, molecular medicine, microbial genomics and agricultural biotechnology.

Last Modified: 4/17/2014
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