Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Defining Cottonwood Uptake of Phosphorus Using Rhizosphere Solution Phase Mesurements

Authors
item Wang, Zhenyu - IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Kelly, Michael - IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Kovar, John

Submitted to: Agronomy Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 14, 2002
Publication Date: November 14, 2002
Citation: WANG, Z., KELLY, M.J., KOVAR, J.L. DEFINING COTTONWOOD UPTAKE OF PHOSPHORUS USING RHIZOSPHERE SOLUTION PHASE MESUREMENTS. AGRONOMY ABSTRACTS. 2002. CD-ROM. MADISON, WI.

Technical Abstract: Plant uptake can reduce loss of solution phosphorus. However, we do not have accurate estimates of rhizosphere P, nor do we fully understand the role of plant uptake in controlling solution P loss. Our objective was to measure soil solution P in the rhizosphere of two contrasting plant species. A high spatial resolution grid of micro suction cups was used to collect soil solution from the rhizosphere of corn and cottonwood seedlings. Capillary electrophoresis was used to determine P concentration. Results indicate that in a mesic Cumulic Hapludoll (Kennebec series) with a base saturation of 80% and a pH of 8.2, the growing roots of corn and cottonwood can lower the concentration of P in the rhizosphere by 22% and 25% after 10 days, respectively. Statistical analysis indicated a significant difference (p=0.01) between solution P concentration in the cottonwood rhizosphere vs. bulk soil. A significant difference (p=0.05) in P concentration was also found when the corn rhizosphere solution and bulk soil solution were compared.

Last Modified: 4/19/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page