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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Effect of Plasticizer and Agriculture Fiber on the Mechanical Property of Starch-Pectin Cast Films

item Shey, Justin
item Imam, Syed
item Glenn, Gregory
item Orts, William
item Wood, Delilah
item Inglesby, Maria
item Klamczynski, Artur
item Nguyen, Tony

Submitted to: Bio Environmental Polymer Society
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 17, 2003
Publication Date: August 17, 2003
Citation: Shey, J., Imam, S.H., Glenn, G.M., Orts, W.J., Wood, D.F., Inglesby, M.K., Klamczynski, A., Nguyen, T.T. 2003. Effect of plasticizer and agriculture fiber on the mechanical property of starch-pectin cast films. Bio Environmental Polymer Society Meeting, Denver, CO.

Technical Abstract: Cast films were prepared from the aqueous suspension of potato starch (pre-gel) and pectin with and without plasticizer and agricultural fiber. Film's mechanical properties, namely, plastic modulus, peak strength and elongation at break improved using 1.5% sorbitol as a plasticizer. Agricultural fiber derived from rice straw, recycled pulp and maple wood when added in formulation exhibited improved mechanical properties and moisture resistance. Best improvements in film properties were found in formulation with sorbitol and recycled pulp fiber. Scanning Electron Micrographs showed homogenously distributed fibrous network throughout the matrix. The improvement in the mechanical behavior of starch from stiff/brittle to soft/flexible was dependent on the polymer's macromolecular organization and glass transition temperature (Tg). Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) was utilized to evaluate the effect of small molecular size plasticizer on the glass transition temperature (Tg) of potato starch in these films. Film samples exposed in compost soil for 6 weeks indicated a steady weight loss with time.

Last Modified: 4/19/2015
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