Submitted to: ASAE Annual International Meeting
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: July 30, 2003
Publication Date: July 30, 2003
Citation: Lawrence, K.C., Windham, W.R., Smith, D.P., Park, B., Feldner, P.W. 2003. Effect of broiler carcass washing on fecal contaminant imaging. American Society of Agricultural Engineers Annual International Meeting. St. Joseph, MI. Technical Paper No.033122.
Interpretive Summary: The Food Safety & Inspection Service has a mandate that requires processed poultry carcasses to be free of fecal contaminants before they go into the chiller tanks. We are developing an imaging system that will be able to detect the contaminants on carcasses as they move down the processing line. Earlier research has shown that we can detect contaminants applied on the carcasses with an imaging system known as hyperspectral imaging. Since the industry uses mechanical bird washing cabinets to clean and remove feces, this research examined the effect of bird washing on the ability to detect the contaminants. Results indicate that the imaging system successfully detected 98 % of pre-washed contaminants, but incorrectly detected 36 % of the post-washed stains from the washed-off feces. These stains are not considered contaminants, so we must make modifications to the imaging system to not pick up the stains as contaminants.
The Food Safety and Inspection Service has mandated that there be no fecal contaminants on poultry carcasses when the carcasses enter the chiller tank because of a risk of food pathogens. Since the inception of the hazard analysis, critical control point mandate, the poultry industry has increased the amount of water use per bird to ensure compliance with this mandate. This paper reports on research to develop a method to identify fecal contaminants on poultry carcasses with a hyperspectral imaging system and to evaluate the effectiveness of this system for detecting contaminant residuals and stains on mechanical washed carcasses. The imaging system easily identified fecal contaminants (98%) prior to mechanical washing but also incorrectly identified 196 carcass features that were not contaminants (false positives). However, almost half of the false positives came from only five carcasses. Results confirm the feasibility of using such a system for detecting fecal contaminants. For washed carcasses, the hyperspectral imaging system detected about 45% of the cecal stains which was significant at the p < 0.0048 level. The system did not detect stains from duodenum, colon or ingesta contaminants. Contaminant exposure times of two or 12 min. and wash times of 8 or 12 s. did not significantly affect stain detection. Based on the interpretation of the FSIS regulation of fecal contaminants, fecal stains are not considered as contaminants. Therefore, to comply with the FSIS regulation while not adversely affecting the processing plants production, the hyperspectral imaging system should be modified to prevent identification of cecal stains.