Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Reduction of Campylobacter and Salmonella in Pigs Treated with a Select Nitrocompound

Authors
item Jung, Yong Soo
item Anderson, Robin
item Genovese, Kenneth
item Edrington, Thomas
item Callaway, Todd
item Byrd, James
item Bischoff, Kenneth
item Harvey, Roger
item Mcreynolds, Jack - TX A&M UNIVERSITY
item Nisbet, David

Submitted to: International Symposium on the Epidemiology and Control of Foodborne Pathogens in Pork
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: September 9, 2003
Publication Date: October 1, 2003
Citation: Jung, Y., Anderson, R.C., Genovese, K.J., Edrington, T.S., Callaway, T.R., Byrd II, J.A., Bischoff, K.M., Harvey, R.B., McReynolds, J., Nisbet, D.J. 2003. Reduction of Campylobacter and Salmonella in pigs treated with a select nitrocompound. Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on the Epidemiology and Control of Foodborne Pathogens in Pork (SafePork '03). p. 205-207.

Technical Abstract: The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of administering a select nitrocompound (S-NO) on reducing naturally colonized Campylobacter and experimentally infected Salmonella in the weaned pig gut. Pigs were divided into four groups; control (0 g S-NO/pig), 1X (0.2 g S-NO/pig), 5X (1 g S-NO/pig), and 10X (2 g S-NO/pig). Treatments were administered via oral gavage 24 h before sacrifice. Mean +/- SD populations (log10 cfu/g) of Campylobacter in the cecum were reduced (P < 0.05) in pigs receiving the 10 X dose when compared with untreated controls (1.64 +/- 1.30 vs 5.31 +/- 0.58, respectively). Campylobacter concentrations in rectal contents from pigs administered the 5X dose were reduced (P < 0.05) compared to control (2.65 +/- 2.86 vs 5.90 +/- 0.94, respectively). Rectal Salmonella concentrations were reduced (P < 0.05) in all of the S-NO-treated groups. No adverse effects of S-NO on pig health were observed. These results demonstrate that S-NO may have potential as a preharvest intervention strategy that can reduce colonization by Campylobacter and Salmonella in pigs.

Last Modified: 4/18/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page