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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Kinetic Factors Affecting the Bacterial Capture Efficiency of Immuno Beads: a Comparison Between Beads with Different Size and Density

Authors
item Tu, Shu-I
item Irwin, Peter
item Gehring, Andrew

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 15, 2003
Publication Date: September 15, 2003
Citation: TU, S., IRWIN, P.L., GEHRING, A.G. KINETIC FACTORS AFFECTING THE BACTERIAL CAPTURE EFFICIENCY OF IMMUNO BEADS: A COMPARISON BETWEEN BEADS WITH DIFFERENT SIZE AND DENSITY. MEETING ABSTRACT. 2003.

Technical Abstract: The use of immuno beads for the capture and concentration of pathogenic bacteria in foods has attracted increased interests. However, the factors that control the capture kinetics are yet to be determined. In this study, we applied biotinylated anti E. coli O157 antibodies to streptavidin coated magnetic and polystyrene beads of different sizes and densities. These beads were then used to capture cultured E. coli O157:H7. Complexes formed between fluorescein-conjugated anti E. coli O157 antibodies and urease-conjugated anti fluorescein antibodies further labeled bead-captured bacteria. The extent of the bacterial capture was related to the signal intensity of a light addressable potentiometric sensor that measured the pH changes associated with urease-catalyzed hydrolysis of urea. Under the conditions of applying the same amounts of biotinylated anti E. coli O157 antibody to beads, analyses of the capture kinetics indicated that heavier beads exhibited a better efficiency in capturing the target bacteria than that associated with the lighter beads of the same size. Furthermore, with the same density, larger beads were more effective in capturing the bacteria. Since sedimentation volumes for the heavier and larger beads are greater than those of the lighter and smaller beads, more interactions with targeted bacteria by the former beads are expected. The observation supports a hydrodynamic kinetic model that predicts the bacterial capture is controlled by the sedimentation motion of the beads.

Last Modified: 4/17/2014
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