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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Resveratrol, Pterostilbene and Piceatannol in Vaccinium Berries

Authors
item Rimando, Agnes
item Kalt, Wilhelmina - AGRICULTURE & AGRI-FOOD
item Magee, James
item Dewey, Jim - OREGON FREEZE DRY
item Ballington, James - N.C. STATE UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: May 14, 2004
Publication Date: July 3, 2004
Citation: Rimando, A.M., Kalt, W., Magee, J.B., Ballington, J.R., Dewey, J. 2004. Resveratrol, pterostilbene and piceatannol in Vaccinium berries. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 52:4713-4719.

Interpretive Summary: A study was done to determine the presence of resveratrol, pterostilbene and piceatannol in Vaccinium berries. Samples representing selections and cultivars of ten species from Mississippi, North Carolina, Oregon, and Canada were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Resveratrol was found in varying amounts between 7 and 5800 ng/g dry sample in bilberry, cranberry, deerberry, Elliott's blueberry, highbush blueberry, lingonberry, lowbush blueberry, rabbiteye blueberry, sparkleberry, and Partridgeberry. Lingonberry was found to have the highest content comparable to that found in grapes, 6500 ng/g dry sample. Pterostilbene was found in rabbiteye blueberry and deerberry at levels 99-520 ng/g dry sample. Piceatannol was found in deerberry and highbush blueberry at levels 138 ' 422 ng/g dry sample. These naturally occurring compounds known to be strong antioxidants and to have cancer chemopreventive activity will add to purported health benefits derived from consumption of these small fruits.

Technical Abstract: A study was conducted to determine the presence of resveratrol, pterostilbene and piceatannol in Vaccinium berries. Samples representing selections and cultivars of ten species from Mississippi, North Carolina, Oregon, and Canada were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Resveratrol was found in V. angustifolium (lowbush blueberry), V. arboretum (sparkleberry), V. ashei (rabbiteye blueberry), V. corymbosum (highbush blueberry), V. elliottii (Elliott's blueberry), V. macrocarpon (cranberry), V. myrtillus (bilberry), V. stamineum (deerberry), V. vitis-ideae var. vitis-ideae (lingonberry), and V. vitis-ideae var. minor (Partridgeberry) at levels between 7 and 5800 ng/g dry sample. Lingonberry was found to have the highest content, 5800 ng/g dry sample, comparable to that found in grapes, 6500 ng/g dry sample. Pterostilbene was found in two cultivars of V. ashei and in V. stamineum at levels 99-520 ng/g dry sample. Piceatannol was found in V. corymbosum and V. stamineum at levels 138 ' 422 ng/g dry sample. These naturally occurring stilbenes, known to be strong antioxidants and to have cancer chemopreventive activity, will add to purported health benefits derived from consumption of these small fruits.

Last Modified: 8/30/2014
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