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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Decreased Neutrophil Function As a Cause of Retained Placenta in Dairy Cattle

Authors
item Kimura, Kayoko
item Goff, Jesse
item Kehrli Jr, Marcus
item Reinhardt, Timothy

Submitted to: ARS Immunology Workshop
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 1, 2003
Publication Date: December 1, 2003
Citation: Kimura, K., Goff, J.P., Kehrli Jr., M.E., Reinhardt, T.A. 2003. Decreased neutrophil function as a cause of retained placenta in dairy cattle [abstract]. ARS Immunology Research Workshop. p. 58.

Technical Abstract: It is unclear why some cows fail to expel the placenta following calving. One theory suggests the fetal placenta must be recognized as 'foreign' tissue and rejected by the immune system after parturition to cause expulsion of the placenta. We hypothesized that impaired neutrophil function causes retained placenta (RP). We examined the ability of neutrophils to recognize fetal cotyledon tissue as assessed by a chemotaxis assay. Neutrophil killing ability was also estimated by determining myeloperoxidase activity in isolated neutrophils. Blood samples were obtained from 142 periparturient dairy cattle in 2 herds. Twenty cattle developed RP (14.1%). Neutrophils isolated from blood of cows with RP had significantly lower neutrophil function in both assays prior to calving and this impaired function lasted for 1-2 wk after parturition. Addition of antibody directed against interleukin-8 (IL-8) to the cotyledon preparation used as a chemoattractant inhibited chemotaxis by 41%, suggesting one of the chemoattractants present in the cotyledon at parturition is IL-8. At calving, plasma IL-8 concentration was lower in RP cows (51 plus/minus 12 pg/ml) than in cows expelling the placenta normally (134 plus/minus 11 pg/ml). From these data, we suggest that neutrophil function is a determining factor for the development of RP in dairy cattle. Also, depressed production of IL-8 may be a factor affecting neutrophil function in cows developing RP.

Last Modified: 10/30/2014
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