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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Rice Pi-Ta Gene Confers Resistance to the Major Pathotypes of the Rice Blast Fungus in the U.S.

Authors
item JIA, YULIN
item Wang, Zhonghua - ZHEJIANG WANLI UNIV, PRC
item Singh, Pratibha - UA RREC
item Redus, Marc - 6225-05-00 DEC.
item Fjellstrom, Robert
item Johnson, Virginia - UA RREC
item Correll, James - DEPT PLANT PATH, UAF
item Lee, Fleet - UA RREC
item Rutger, J

Submitted to: Annual International Plant & Animal Genome Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 31, 2003
Publication Date: January 10, 2004
Citation: Jia, Y., Wang, Z., Singh, P., Redus, M., Fjellstrom, R.G., Johnson, V., Correll, J., Lee, F., Rutger, J.N. 2004. Rice Pi-ta gene confers resistance to the major pathotypes of the rice blast fungus in the U.S. [abstract]. Annual International Plant & Animal Genome Conference. Abstract P293, p. 145.

Technical Abstract: The Pi-ta gene in rice prevents the infection of Magnaporthe grisea isolates containing the avirulence AVR-Pita gene. Pi-ta encodes a putative cytoplasmic receptor that appears to bind to a predicted processed AVR-Pita to elicit a defense response. The presence of the Pi-ta gene was detected in 13 rice cultivars that reportedly contain Pi-ta. All Pi-ta containing cultivars were resistant to both major pathotypes IB-49 and IC-17 of M. grisea. The inheritance of resistance to IC-17 was further investigated using a marker for the resistant Pi-ta allele in an F2 population of 1345 progeny of the cross with a Pi-ta containing rice cultivar. Resistance to IC-17 was conferred by a single dominant gene, and Pi-ta was not detected in susceptible individuals. Another F2 population of 377 individuals of a reciprocal cross was used to verify the conclusion that resistance to IC-17 was conferred by a single dominant gene. In this cross, individuals resistant to IC-17 were also resistant to IB-49. The presence of Pi-ta and resistant to IB-49 was also correlated with additional crosses involving another Pi-ta containing rice culitvar. A pair of primers that specifically amplifies a susceptible pi-ta allele was developed to verify the absence of the dominant Pi-ta gene. These data suggest that Pi-ta is responsible for resistance to IB-49 and IC-17. The correlation of Pi-ta with resistance to both M. grisea pathotypes suggesting they contain functional AVR-Pita genes. Progress on developing molecular markers to facilitate the incorporation of Pi-ta into improved rice germplasm will be described.

Last Modified: 7/28/2014
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