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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: SEQUENCE DIVERSITY OF THE PUROINDOLINE A AND B GENES IN AEGILOPS TAUSCHII RELATIONSHIP TO KERNEL TEXTURE IN WHEAT

Authors
item Morris, Craig
item Massa, A - WASHINGTON STATE UNIV
item Gedye, K - WASHINGTON STATE UNIV
item Gill, B - KANSAS STATE UNIV

Submitted to: Wheat Genetics International Symposium Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: August 1, 2003
Publication Date: September 1, 2003
Citation: Morris, C.F., Massa, A., Gedye, K., Gill, B.S. 2003. Sequence diversity of the puroindoline a and b genes in aegilops tauschii relationship to kernel texture in wheat. Wheat Genetics International Symposium Proceedings. 1:451-454.

Interpretive Summary: Puroindolines a and b (PinA, PinB) are the genes responsible for hardness or softness in wheat. For each, a single functional sequence is present in all soft wheats. All hard wheats have a defect, or mutation, in either PinA or PinB. In PinA, the defect results in the complete loss of expression. In PinB, six genetic variations occur. The soft PinA and PinB genes were contributed by a wild grass ancestor of wheat. Since previous studies found puroindoline sequence differences in this grass, we undertook two surveys: one of Ae. Tauschii (the wild grass), and the second of synthetic durum X Ae. tauschii hexaploids produced at CIMMYT. In Ae. tauschii, seven unique gene sequences were identified among 50 lines. Thirteen accessions possessed the same PinA and PinB sequences as normal soft wheat. All were categorized as belonging to the same subspecies. Since the technology is not available to easily measure kernel texture in Ae. tauschii, we obtained synthetic hexaploids with the aim of correlating puroindoline gene sequence and kernel texture. Classification of lines based on durum and Ae. tauschii parents showed significant differences between average kernel textures.

Technical Abstract: Puroindolines a and b (PinA, PinB) constitute the molecular-genetic basis of the Hardness locus in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). For each, a single functional sequence is present in Chinese Spring and all soft wheats. All hard wheats have a defect in either PinA or PinB. In PinA, the defect results in the complete loss of expression. In PinB, six Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) result in three altered amino acids and three STOP codons. The soft PinA and PinB genes were contributed by Aegilops tauschii, the D-genome donor of wheat. Since previous studies found puroindoline sequence polymorphisms in Ae. tauschii, we undertook two surveys: one of Ae. tauschii and the second of synthetic T. durum X Ae. tauschii hexaploids produced at CIMMYT. In Ae. tauschii, seven unique gene sequences were identified among 50 accessions. Thirteen accessions possessed the same PinA and PinB sequences as soft hexaploid wheat. All were categorized as belonging to the taushcii subspecies (vs. the strangulata subsp.). Since the technological means is not available to easily measure kernel texture in Ae. tauschii, we obtained synthetic hexaploids with the aim of correlating puroindoline gene sequence and kernel texture. Classification of lines based on durum and Ae. tauschii parents showed significant differences between mean kernel texture.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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