Submitted to: American Dietetic Association Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 17, 2004
Publication Date: August 6, 2004
Citation: Ingwersen, L., Raper, N., Anand, J., Moshfegh, A. 2004. Validation study shows importance of probing for forgotten foods during a dietary recall [abstract]. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 104(8) Supplement:A-13. Technical Abstract: Dietary recalls collected in national and large scale surveys provide insight to eating patterns and nutritional status that is used to develop nutritional and health advice for the public and to develop food-related governmental regulations and programs. Recent extensive research resulted in the creation of an Automated Multiple-Pass Method (AMPM) for 24-hour recalls that incorporates recall strategies, memory cues, and probes within a 5-step structure designed to engage respondents and stimulate recall. The AMPM starts with a collection of the foods and beverages consumed the previous day. Next, a list of frequently forgotten foods is used to elicit recall of foods that may have been forgotten. In 2002-03, a validation study of the AMPM was conducted in which energy intake from the 24-hour food recalls of 524 subjects was compared with their total energy expenditure as measured by the doubly-labeled water technique. An evaluation of this study shows 60 percent of the participants recalled one or more additional foods during administration of the list of frequently forgotten foods. These foods accounted for 6 percent of all foods reported. The category of coffee, milk, soda and similar beverages elicited the greatest response (36% of foods remembered during this step), followed by cookies, candy and other sweets (20%), chips, crackers and savory snacks (17%), and fruits, vegetables, and cheese (13%). These findings illustrate the importance of a forgotten foods list during the 24-hour recall.