Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: April 2, 2004
Publication Date: June 20, 2005
Citation: Stanton, T.B. 2005. The Genus Brachyspira, Volume 7 Proteobacteria; delta and epsilon subclasses; deeply rooting bacteria. In: Dworkin, M., Falkow, S., Rosenberg, E., Schleifer, K.-H., Stackebrandt, E., editors. The Prokaryotes. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag. p. 263-284. Technical Abstract: This chapter describes the microbiology of Brachyspira species, anaerobic spirochetes that inhabit the intestinal tracts of birds and mammals. The best known of the Brachyspira species are B. hyodysenteriae, agent of swine dysentery; B. pilosicoli, associated with human and animal colitis, B. alvinipulli, pathogen of chickens; and B. intermedia, swine pathogen. Topics include Brachyspira physiology, ecology, molecular techniques, genomics, epidemiology, pathogenesis, virulence mechanisms, genetics, phylogeny/taxonomy, habitat, isolation techniques, culture media, clinical identification. With over 200 up-to-date references and a broad coverage of it subject, this chapter is an invaluable source of information on all aspects of Brachyspira microbiology.