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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Evaluation of Stocking Density on Live Performance and Processing Yield of Broilers

Authors
item Dozier Iii, William
item Thaxton, J. - MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIV.
item Branton, Scott
item Morgan, G. - MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIV
item Miles, Dana
item Roush, William
item Lott, B. - MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIV.
item Vizzier-Thaxton, Y. - MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIV.

Submitted to: Southern Poultry Science Society Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: October 28, 2004
Publication Date: January 15, 2005
Citation: Dozier III, W.A., Thaxton, J., Branton, S.L., Morgan, G., Miles, D.M., Roush, W.B., Lott, B., Vizzier-Thaxton, Y. 2005. Evaluation of stocking density on live performance and processing yield of broilers. Southern Poultry Science Society Meeting. Abstract 69. p. 17.

Technical Abstract: Animal welfare has generated concerns from both domestic and global market sectors. In growout, stocking density has been regarded as an area of interest for food retailers and wholesalers with welfare audits. This study examined four stocking densities on responses of male broilers during a 49d production cycle. Two trials were conducted and results were pooled. In each trial, 1,488 male chicks were randomized across 32 floor pens to simulate a final density of 30, 35, 40, and 45 kg/m2 based on a projected final BW of 3.29 kg. Growth rate and nutrient utilization were similar from 1 to 35 d of age. From 33 to 49d, BW gain (P=0.005), feed consumption (P=0.009), feed conversion (P=0.014), and the incidence of mortality (P=0.029) were adversely affected by increasing density from 30 to 45 kg/m2. Collectively, these differences were also apparent for BW (P=0.011), BW gain (P=0.011), and feed consumption (P=0.029) from 1 to 49d. The reduction in cumulative BW gain due to density can be largely explained by feed consumption. Litter moisture content (P=0.025) and foot pad lesion score (P=0.001) increased linearly with increasing density. Upon processing, weights of the whole carcass (P=0.070) and pectoralis major breast muscle (P=0.079) were decreased as density increased from 30 to 45 kg/m2, but their yields, relative to BW, were not affected. The proportion of birds with scratches on the back and thighs (P=0.021) of the whole carcass increased as density increased. These results indicate that increasing density beyond 40 kg/m2 adversely affects BW gain, feed conversion, and meat recovery of broilers approximating 3.2 kg.

Last Modified: 4/23/2014
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