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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Chemical Modification of Vegetable Oils: Bio-Based Lubricants and Tribological Properties

item Erhan, Sevim

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 15, 2004
Publication Date: September 5, 2004
Citation: Erhan, S.Z. 2004. Chemical modification of vegetable oils: bio-based lubricants and tribological properties. Meeting Abstract.

Technical Abstract: Poor oxidative and low temperature stability is considered to be the most critical problems for vegetable oil-based lubricants. These problems can only be partially relieved by lubricant additives, thus vegetable oils have to be modified. In this study, a series of structural modifications of vegetable oils using anhydrides of different chain lengths were investigated. The procedure is based on a single step and two step synthetic route for converting sites of unsaturation in triglyceride fatty esters to diester functionality. The resultant base fluids exhibit superior oxidation stability, improved low temperature stability and better wear properties than the unmodified vegetable oil and have utility in hydraulic fluids, lubricants, metalworking fluids and similar applications.

Last Modified: 4/21/2015