Submitted to: Veterinary Clinics of North America
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: March 15, 2005
Publication Date: June 19, 2005
Citation: Dubey, J.P. 2005. Neosporosis in cattle. Veterinary Clinics of North America. 21:473-483. Interpretive Summary: Neospora caninum is a single-celled parasite that causes abortion in cattle worldwide. The dog is the main reservoir host. A scientist at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center reviews information on bovine neosporosis. This paper will be of interest to biologists, parasitologists and veterinarians.
Technical Abstract: Neospora caninum is a coccidian parasite of animals. It is a major cause of abortion in cattle in many countries. Domestic dogs and coyotes are the only known definitive hosts for N. caninum. It is one of the most efficiently transmitted infection of cattle and up to 90% of cattle in some herds are infected. Transplacental transmission is considered the major route of transmission of N. caninum in cattle. There is no proven vaccine to prevent N. caninum abortion.