Submitted to: Plant Cell Biology
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: December 1, 2005
Publication Date: January 31, 2006
Citation: Triplett, B.A., Kim, H.J. 2006. Using cotton fiber development to discover how plant cell grow. In: Hayashi, T., editor. The Science and Lore of the Plant Cell Wall. Boca Raton, Florida: Brown Walker Press. p. 367. Technical Abstract: Plant biologists have been intrigued by cotton fibers, since the pioneering work of Balls (1905) who first described fiber growth in the scientific literature. By identifying daily growth rings in fiber cell walls (Balls 1919), and probing the nature of cellulose structure (Balls 1923), this early work showed that research on cotton fiber could benefit both practical textile applications and fundamental aspects of plant biology. In the mid-1970’s several groups, using more modern techniques, probed the unique attributes of this botanical marvel to answer basic questions about cellulose biosynthesis and fiber structure (Schubert et al. 1973; Delmer et al. 1974; Itoh, 1974; Delmer et al. 1977; Heiniger and Delmer 1977; Meinert and Delmer 1977; Williston and Brown 1977). At the same time, conditions to culture cotton ovules were developed that fostered in vitro fiber production (Beasley and Ting, 1973; 1974). With the exception of cell length, fibers produced in vitro were found to mimic many of the properties of fiber cells produced in planta (Meinert and Delmer 1977).