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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IMPROVED ISOLATION, MODIFICATION, AND FUNCTIONALITY OF GRAIN PROTEINS FOR NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT Title: Quantitative Analysis of Beta-Glucan in Oat Hydrocolloids

Authors
item Kim, Sanghoon
item Inglett, George

Submitted to: American Chemical Society Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 31, 2005
Publication Date: August 31, 2005
Citation: Kim, S., Inglett, G.E. 2005. Quantitative analysis of beta-glucan in oat hydrocolloids [abstract]. American Chemical Society Abstracts. Paper No. AGFD55.

Technical Abstract: Quantitative analysis of beta-glucan in oat hydrocolloids such as Oatrim, Nutrim, and C-Trim was performed by using both modified flow-injection analysis (FIA) method and standard AACC enzymatic method. Molecular weight (MW) distribution of beta-glucan was determined using size-exclusion chromatography with the postcolumn detection method. The FIA method makes use of the enhanced fluorescence produced when beta-glucan forms complexes with Calcofluor. Fluorescence intensity of the Calcofluor/beta-glucan complex is strongly dependent on the ionic strength of the solution. The turbidity measurement showed that Calcofluor/beta-glucan complex forms aggregates in the solution and the rate of aggregate formation depends on the MW of beta-glucan and concentration of Calcofluor. Knowing the optimum experimental condition for the modified FIA method, data from this technique was compared with those from the standard enzymatic method. Experimental results from both methods revealed a high coincidence with each other. This result confirms the applicability of either technique for the quantitative evaluation of beta-glucan in hydrocolloids.

Last Modified: 4/23/2014
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