Submitted to: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: June 27, 2005
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: The Caliciviridae is a family of small, nonenveloped viruses containing a single-stranded, plus-sense genomic RNA that is polyadenylated at its 3'-end. Most caliciviruses have distinctive cup-shaped depressions (L. calix, cup) on their surface, giving them their characteristic Star of David appearance. These viruses have a large and diverse host range and cause diseases of both human and veterinary importance.