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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: ANIMAL RESPONSES TO CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS IN FORAGE QUALITY

Authors
item Mayland, Henry
item Burns, Joseph
item Fisher, Dwight
item Mertens, David
item Taylor, Joshua

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 9, 2005
Publication Date: November 16, 2005
Citation: Mayland, H.F., Burns, J.C., Fisher, D.S., Mertens, D.R., Taylor, J.B. 2005. Animal Responses to Circadian Rhythms in Forage Quality [abstract]. In: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts, November 6-10, 2005, Salt Lake City, Utah. 2005 CDROM.

Technical Abstract: Net photosynthesis and respiration in growing plants cause a circadian rhythm in forage quality. Soluble sugar concentrations increase in plants during the day causing a dilution in ADF and NDF. Herbivores show a strong preference for afternoon (PM) vs morning (AM) harvested forage. Cattle, sheep, goat, horse and rabbit, when given a choice, easily identify a forage that may contain 5 g/kg or more soluble sugar. Effect of feeding PM vs AM cut hay on milk production and weight gains is being determined. Increased production may result from increased intake of higher quality forage. Small but positive changes may be expected in energy and protein utilization. Because of the increase in available carbohydrate during digestion, feeding PM vs AM hays should reduce methane, CO2 and ammonia production.

Last Modified: 9/2/2014
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