SURVEILLANCE AND ECOLOGY OF MOSQUITO, BITING AND FILTH BREEDING INSECTS
Location: Mosquito and Fly Research Unit
Title: CAN THE MOSQUITO LANDING RATE ON HUMANS BE PREDICTED FROM CDC LIGHT TRAP COLLECTIONS?
Submitted to: American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 29, 2005
Publication Date: December 11, 2005
Citation: Barnard, D.R., Knue, G.J., Kline, D.L., Bernier, U.R., Allan, S.A., Linthicum, K.J. 2005. Can the mosquito landing rate on humans be predicted from cdc light trap collections?. American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
Landing rates (LR) for Aedes albopictus, Anopheles quadrimaculatus, Culex nigripalpus, Cx. quinquefasciatus, and Ochlerotatus triseriatus on a human subject were compared with collections of each species using a CDC light trap (CDC) baited with carbon dioxide during eight different observation times (Periods) in the diel (24 hour) period. On a catch-per-unit-effort basis, the capture efficiency ratio (LR/CDC) ranged from 3:1 (Cx. quinquefasciatus) to 36:1 (Oc.triseriatus) and favored the LR method in all cases. For Ae. albopictus, LR can be estimated from CDC capture responses in Periods 7 and 8. For An. quadrimaculatus, Cx. nigripalpus, and Cx. quinquefasciatus, LR can be estimated from CDC capture responses in, respectively, Periods 2 and 3, Periods 1 thru 4, and in Period 1. Bounds on error of estimated LR varies depending on the mosquito species but exceeds one order of magnitude for estimates of LR for Ae. albopictus, An. quadrimaculatus, and Cx. nigripalpus. Differences in mosquito activity indicated by each collection method suggest that LR and CDC methods may sample different components (or phases) of the mosquito population and/or simultaneously stimulate competitive response patterns in individual females.