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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Advances in the Industrial Applications of Enzymes on Carbohydrate-Based Materials

Author
item Eggleston, Gillian

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: June 1, 2006
Publication Date: August 1, 2007
Citation: Eggleston, G. 2007. Advances in the industrial applications of enzymes on carbohydrate materials. In: Eggleston, G., Vercellotti, J.R., editors. Industrial Application of Enzymes on Carborhydrate Based Materials. American Chemical Society Symposium Series 972. New York, NY:Oxford University Press. p. 1-16.

Interpretive Summary: This introductory book chapter reviews the new era of advances in the application of industrial enzymes (compounds that speed-up a reaction) to industrial processes containing renewable sugar materials. Stunning progress in the re-engineering of enzymes using advanced techniques of biotechnology continue to open new markets, with enzymes being increasingly tailored for specific applications. Current large-scale enzyme applications on carbohydrate materials are reported as well as the advances in their increased and cheaper production. Practical application of enzymes to usually harsh industrial process conditions is still often problematic, and ways to improve the optimization of industrial applications are described. The future outlook for the application of enzymes on sugar materials in industry is discussed.

Technical Abstract: This chapter reviews the new era of advances in the application of industrial enzymes on renewable carbohydrate materials, including mono-, di-, and polysaccharides. Stunning progress in the genetic and protein engineering of enzymes using advanced techniques of biotechnology continue to open new markets, with enzymes being increasingly tailored for specific applications. Current large-scale enzyme applications on carbohydrate materials are reported as well as the advances in their increased and cheaper production. Examples of rapid growth of the use of industrial enzymes in specific industries are described, and include fuel ethanol production from agricultural feedstocks, detergents, pulp and paper manufacture, animal feeds, and fine chemical and specialized sugar manufacture. Practical application of enzymes to usually harsh industrial process conditions is still often problematic, and ways to improve the optimization of industrial applications are described. Finally, the future outlook for the application of enzymes on carbohydrate materials in industry is discussed.

Last Modified: 10/24/2014
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