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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Soil Hydraulic and Electrical Properties for Different Soils, Slopes, and Crop Rotations

Author
item LOGSDON, SALLY

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 5, 2006
Publication Date: November 16, 2006
Citation: Logsdon, S.D. 2006. Soil hydraulic and electrical properties for different soils, slopes, and crop rotations [CD-ROM]. In: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts, Nov. 12-16, 2006, Indianapolis, IN.

Technical Abstract: Crop management can alter soil physical properties, but variability of these properties may mask treatment effects. The purpose of this study was to compare soil physical property variation under two crop rotations, and to examine interrelations among different soil physical properties. A six-year rotation (corn, soybean, corn, three years alfalfa: W2) was compared with a corn - soybean rotation (W1), both under no-tillage. Five soils and three slope phases were represented on these fields. Soil physical properties measured from undisturbed cores included saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat), bulk density (BD), apparent permittivity (n), electrical conductivity (EC), and macropore continuity. Preliminary data suggest that W2 had more cores with continuous macropores (45%) than did W1 (22%). The cores with continuous macropores had significantly higher Ksat, but there was no significant difference in Ksat between W1 and W2. The BD was significantly greater in W1 than in W2. Both n and EC increased with increasing water content, but the relationships varied with different groups of samples. Soils with D slopes had significantly lower Ksat than soils with C slopes. The interrelations will be discussed as well as the most useful soil physical measurements for evaluating crop management systems.

Last Modified: 8/27/2014
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