NEW TECHNOLOGIES TO PROCESS VALUE-ADDED, HEALTHY FOODS FROM FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
Location: Processed Foods Research
Title: ACID AND ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS OF SALINE BIOMASS FOR SUGAR PRODUCTION
| Zheng, Yi - UC DAVIS, DAVIS, CA |
| Zhang, Ruihong - UC DAVIS, DAVIS, CA |
| Wang, Donghai - KANSAS STATE UNIV, KS |
| Labavitch, John - UC DAVIS, DAVIS, CA |
| Jenkins, Bryan - UC DAVIS, DAVIS, CA |
Submitted to: Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE)
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: May 12, 2006
Publication Date: July 9, 2006
Citation: Yi Zheng, Zhongli Pan, Ruihong Zhang, Donghai Wang, John Labavitch, Bryan M. Jenkins, 2006. Acid and enzymatic hydrolysis of saline biomass for sugar production. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE). Paper No. 067003:1-12. St. Joseph, Mich.:ASAE
Interpretive Summary: There is an increased interest in using biomasses as renewable sources for producing sugars. In this study, the biomasses from four different saline crops were studied to evaluate their feasibilities for sugar productions. The results showed that Creeping Wild Rye had the highest potential for sugar production.
Saline crops were evaluated for their potential to be used as feedstock for fermentable sugar production via dilute acid pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis. The saline crops included two woods, Athel (Tamarix aphylla L) and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus camaldulensis), and two grasses, Jose Tall Wheatgrass (Agropyron elongatum) (JTW) and Creeping Wild Rye (Leymus triticoides) (CWR). Each of the biomass materials was first treated with dilute sulfuric acid under selected conditions (acid concentration, temperature and time) and then treated with enzymes (cellulases and '-glucosidase). The chemical composition (cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin contents) of each biomass material and the yields of total and different types of sugars after the acid and enzyme treatments were determined. The results showed that among the saline crops evaluated, the two grasses had the highest glucose yield (87% cellulose conversion) and fastest reaction rate during the enzyme treatment. Of the two wood species evaluated, Athel has higher glucose yield (60% cellulose conversion) than Eucalyptus (38% cellulose conversion).