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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CHARACTERIZATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF PLANT RESISTANCE TO WATER-DEFICIT AND THERMAL STRESSES

Location: Plant Stress and Germplasm Development Research

Title: Genetic Diversity in Pollen Abiotic Stress Tolerance

Author
item Burke, John

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: January 9, 2007
Publication Date: January 12, 2007
Citation: Burke, J.J. 2007. Genetic Diversity in Pollen Abiotic Stress Tolerance[abstract]. National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference. January 9-12, 2007. New Orleans, Louisiana.

Technical Abstract: Genetic diversity in reproductive abiotic stress tolerance has been investigated by cotton breeders throughout the public and private sectors. The primary focus of these studies has been the evaluation of abiotic stress responses during the development of the flower prior to anthesis. Sterility indices based upon the percentage of anther dehiscence are commonly used as a measure of mature pollen availability in adverse environments. An underlying assumption in these studies has been that the mature pollen released from the anthers is essentially equal among varieties, and that reproductive success is primarily associated with mature pollen availability. We have investigated mature pollen characteristics and have identified distinct genetic variability in the abiotic stress tolerance of the mature pollen. We have developed laboratory-based tests permitting rapid evaluation of the overall abiotic stress tolerance of the pollen. Our findings provide breeders with a previously unexplored reservoir of genetic diversity associated with reproductive abiotic stress tolerance. The impact of our findings on enhancing or reducing potential gene flow among cotton varieties and lines will be discussed.

Last Modified: 4/21/2014
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