Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Moisture and fat content of extra crispy fried chicken skin from breast, thigh, drum, and wing

Authors
item Nickle, Melissa
item Howe, Juliette
item Cutrufelli, Rena
item Holden, Joanne
item Thompson, L - TEXAS TECH UNIV
item Luna, A - TEXAS TECH UNIV
item Douglass, L - UNIV OF MARYLAND

Submitted to: Experimental Biology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 7, 2006
Publication Date: April 25, 2007
Citation: Howe, J.C., Cutrufelli, R.L., Holden, J.M., Thompson, L., Luna, A., Douglass, L. 2007. Moisture and fat content of extra crispy fried chicken skin from breast, thigh, drum, and wing. Experimental Biology, April 25, 2007, Washington, D.C.

Technical Abstract: To establish nutrient values for fast food fried chicken, sample compositing procedures were validated by comparing moisture and fat content of skin from four chicken parts. Samples were purchased from 12 fast food outlets nationwide using a probability sampling plan. Skin samples were derived from a subset of 5 randomly selected outlets. Moisture and fat contents were determined by oven drying and Soxhlet extraction, respectively. Analytical quality was assured by including duplicate samples, in-house controls and certified reference materials. Data were evaluated using the mixed model procedure of SAS with part defined as fixed, and state and state*part interaction defined as random. Residual variability in moisture content differed among parts. ANOVA indicated a nearly significant difference (p=.07) in moisture content among the parts, with a significant difference between skin on drum (31.8%; p<.04) and wing (25.3%; p<.04). ANOVA indicated differences among parts for fat content (p<.02). Mean skin fat content of drum (30.6%) was less than that for breast, thigh, and wing (35.2 - 36.9%; p<.05). Inconsistent amounts of adhering breading and natural variation in subcutaneous fat may account for noted differences. Preliminary results indicate that skin from fried drumsticks should be analyzed separately from the skin of the other parts. Funded by: USDA & NIH, Y1CN5010.

Last Modified: 8/27/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page